Hagar and Ishmael

1 Abram’s wife Sarai had not borne any children for him, but she owned an Egyptian slave named Hagar. 2 Sarai said to Abram, “Since the Lord has prevented me from bearing children, go to my slave; perhaps through her I can build a family.” And Abram agreed to what Sarai said.(a) 3 So Abram’s wife Sarai took Hagar, her Egyptian slave, and gave her to her husband Abram as a wife for him. This happened after Abram had lived in the land of Canaan 10 years. 4 He slept with(b) Hagar, and she became pregnant. When she realized that she was pregnant, she treated her mistress with contempt. 5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “You are responsible for my suffering!(c) I put my slave in your arms,(d) and ever since she saw that she was pregnant, she has treated me with contempt. May the Lord judge between me and you.”(A)
6 Abram replied to Sarai, “Here, your slave is in your hands; do whatever you want with her.” Then Sarai mistreated her so much that she ran away from her.
7 The Angel of the Lord(B) found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, the spring on the way to Shur. 8 He said, “Hagar, slave of Sarai, where have you come from and where are you going?”

She replied, “I’m running away from my mistress Sarai.”
9 Then the Angel of the Lord said to her, “You must go back to your mistress and submit to her mistreatment.”(e) 10 The Angel of the Lord also said to her, “I will greatly multiply your offspring,(C) and they will be too many to count.”
11 Then the Angel of the Lord said to her:

You have conceived and will have a son.
You will name him Ishmael,(f)
for the Lord has heard your cry of affliction.
This man will be like a wild donkey.
His hand will be against everyone,
and everyone’s hand will be against him;
he will live at odds with(g) all his brothers.(D)
13 So she called the Lord who spoke to her: The God Who Sees,(h) for she said, “In this place, have I actually seen(E) the One who sees me?”(i) 14 That is why she named the spring, “A Well of the Living One Who Sees Me.”(j) It is located between Kadesh and Bered.
15 So Hagar gave birth to Abram’s son, and Abram gave the name Ishmael to the son Hagar had. 16 Abram was 86 years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to him.


a. Genesis 16:2: Lit Abram listened to the voice of Sarai
b. Genesis 16:4: Lit He came to
c. Genesis 16:5: Or May my suffering be on you
d. Genesis 16:5: Lit bosom
e. Genesis 16:9: Lit to mistreatment under her hand
f. Genesis 16:11: God Hears
g. Genesis 16:12: Or live away from
h. Genesis 16:13: Lit her: You God Who Sees
i. Genesis 16:13: Hb obscure
j. Genesis 16:14: Or Beer-lahai-roi

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