Parallel Verses

New American Standard Bible

"Because I know that you are obstinate, And your neck is an iron sinew And your forehead bronze,

King James Version

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Holman Bible

Because I know that you are stubborn, and your neck is iron and your forehead bronze,

International Standard Version

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and because your neck is an iron sinew, and your forehead is bronze,

A Conservative Version

Because I knew that thou are obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

American Standard Version

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Amplified

Because I knew that you were obstinate, and your neck was an iron sinew and your brow was brass,

Bible in Basic English

Because I saw that your heart was hard, and that your neck was an iron cord, and your brow brass;

Darby Translation

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

Jubilee 2000 Bible

Because I know that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow bronze;

Julia Smith Translation

From my knowledge that thou wert hard, and thy neck an iron sinew, and thy forehead of brass:

King James 2000

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow bronze;

Lexham Expanded Bible

because {I know} that you [are] obstinate, and your neck an iron sinew, and your forehead bronze.

Modern King James verseion

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew and your brow bronze.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

Howbeit, I knew that thou art obstinate, and that thy neck hath an iron vein, and thy brow is of brass.

NET Bible

I did this because I know how stubborn you are. Your neck muscles are like iron and your forehead like bronze.

New Heart English Bible

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

The Emphasized Bible

Because I knew that - Obstinate, thou wast, - And, a sinew of iron, was thy neck, And thy brow, brazen,

Webster

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

World English Bible

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

Youngs Literal Translation

From my knowing that thou art obstinate, And a sinew of iron thy neck, And thy forehead brass,

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
דּעת 
Da`ath 
Usage: 91

קשׁה 
Qasheh 
Usage: 36

and thy neck
ערף 
`oreph 
Usage: 35

is an iron
בּרזל 
Barzel 
Usage: 76

גּיד 
Giyd 
Usage: 7

and thy brow
מצח 
metsach 
Usage: 13

References

American

Easton

Fausets

Hastings

Morish

Context Readings

Yahweh Refines Stubborn Israel

3 "I declared the former things long ago And they went forth from My mouth, and I proclaimed them Suddenly I acted, and they came to pass. 4 "Because I know that you are obstinate, And your neck is an iron sinew And your forehead bronze, 5 Therefore I declared them to you long ago, Before they took place I proclaimed them to you, So that you would not say, 'My idol has done them, And my graven image and my molten image have commanded them.'


Cross References

Exodus 32:9

The LORD said to Moses, "I have seen this people, and behold, they are an obstinate people.

Deuteronomy 31:27

"For I know your rebellion and your stubbornness; behold, while I am still alive with you today, you have been rebellious against the LORD; how much more, then, after my death?

Acts 7:51

"You men who are stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the Holy Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did.

2 Chronicles 36:13

He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar who had made him swear allegiance by God But he stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to the LORD God of Israel.

Proverbs 29:1

A man who hardens his neck after much reproof Will suddenly be broken beyond remedy.

Exodus 33:3

"Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; for I will not go up in your midst, because you are an obstinate people, and I might destroy you on the way."

Exodus 33:5

For the LORD had said to Moses, "Say to the sons of Israel, 'You are an obstinate people; should I go up in your midst for one moment, I would destroy you. Now therefore, put off your ornaments from you, that I may know what I shall do with you.'"

Deuteronomy 10:16

"So circumcise your heart, and stiffen your neck no longer.

2 Kings 17:14

However, they did not listen, but stiffened their neck like their fathers, who did not believe in the LORD their God.

2 Chronicles 30:8

"Now do not stiffen your neck like your fathers, but yield to the LORD and enter His sanctuary which He has consecrated forever, and serve the LORD your God, that His burning anger may turn away from you.

Nehemiah 9:16-17

"But they, our fathers, acted arrogantly; They became stubborn and would not listen to Your commandments.

Nehemiah 9:28

"But as soon as they had rest, they did evil again before You; Therefore You abandoned them to the hand of their enemies, so that they ruled over them When they cried again to You, You heard from heaven, And many times You rescued them according to Your compassion,

Psalm 75:5

Do not lift up your horn on high, Do not speak with insolent pride.'"

Psalm 78:8

And not be like their fathers, A stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation that did not prepare its heart And whose spirit was not faithful to God.

Isaiah 46:12

"Listen to Me, you stubborn-minded, Who are far from righteousness.

Jeremiah 3:3

"Therefore the showers have been withheld, And there has been no spring rain Yet you had a harlot's forehead; You refused to be ashamed.

Jeremiah 5:3

O LORD, do not Your eyes look for truth? You have smitten them, But they did not weaken; You have consumed them, But they refused to take correction They have made their faces harder than rock; They have refused to repent.

Jeremiah 7:26

"Yet they did not listen to Me or incline their ear, but stiffened their neck; they did more evil than their fathers.

Jeremiah 19:15

"Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, 'Behold, I am about to bring on this city and all its towns the entire calamity that I have declared against it, because they have stiffened their necks so as not to heed My words.'"

Ezekiel 3:4-9

Then He said to me, "Son of man, go to the house of Israel and speak with My words to them.

Daniel 5:20

"But when his heart was lifted up and his spirit became so proud that he behaved arrogantly, he was deposed from his royal throne and his glory was taken away from him.

Zechariah 7:11-12

"But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears from hearing.

Romans 2:5

But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,

Hebrews 3:13

But encourage one another day after day, as long as it is still called "Today," so that none of you will be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.



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