Parallel Verses

World English Bible

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

New American Standard Bible

"Because I know that you are obstinate, And your neck is an iron sinew And your forehead bronze,

King James Version

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Holman Bible

Because I know that you are stubborn,
and your neck is iron
and your forehead bronze,

International Standard Version

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and because your neck is an iron sinew, and your forehead is bronze,

A Conservative Version

Because I knew that thou are obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

American Standard Version

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Amplified

Because I knew that you were obstinate, and your neck was an iron sinew and your brow was brass,

Bible in Basic English

Because I saw that your heart was hard, and that your neck was an iron cord, and your brow brass;

Darby Translation

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

Julia Smith Translation

From my knowledge that thou wert hard, and thy neck an iron sinew, and thy forehead of brass:

King James 2000

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow bronze;

Lexham Expanded Bible

because {I know} that you [are] obstinate, and your neck an iron sinew, and your forehead bronze.

Modern King James verseion

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew and your brow bronze.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

Howbeit, I knew that thou art obstinate, and that thy neck hath an iron vein, and thy brow is of brass.

NET Bible

I did this because I know how stubborn you are. Your neck muscles are like iron and your forehead like bronze.

New Heart English Bible

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

The Emphasized Bible

Because I knew that - Obstinate, thou wast, - And, a sinew of iron, was thy neck, And thy brow, brazen,

Webster

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Youngs Literal Translation

From my knowing that thou art obstinate, And a sinew of iron thy neck, And thy forehead brass,

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
דּעת 
Da`ath 
Usage: 91

קשׁה 
Qasheh 
Usage: 36

and thy neck
ערף 
`oreph 
Usage: 35

is an iron
בּרזל 
Barzel 
Usage: 76

גּיד 
Giyd 
Usage: 7

and thy brow
מצח 
metsach 
Usage: 13

References

American

Easton

Fausets

Hastings

Morish

Context Readings

Yahweh Refines Stubborn Israel

3 I have declared the former things from of old; yes, they went forth out of my mouth, and I showed them: suddenly I did them, and they happened. 4 Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass; 5 therefore I have declared it to you from of old; before it came to pass I showed it to you; lest you should say, 'My idol has done them, and my engraved image, and my molten image, has commanded them.'


Cross References

Exodus 32:9

Yahweh said to Moses, "I have seen these people, and behold, they are a stiff-necked people.

Deuteronomy 31:27

For I know your rebellion, and your stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, you have been rebellious against Yahweh; and how much more after my death?

Acts 7:51

"You stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit! As your fathers did, so you do.

2 Chronicles 36:13

He also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart against turning to Yahweh, the God of Israel.

Proverbs 29:1

He who is often rebuked and stiffens his neck will be destroyed suddenly, with no remedy.

Exodus 33:3

to a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of you, for you are a stiff-necked people, lest I consume you in the way."

Exodus 33:5

Yahweh said to Moses, "Tell the children of Israel, 'You are a stiff-necked people. If I were to go up into your midst for one moment, I would consume you. Therefore now take off your jewelry from you, that I may know what to do to you.'"

Deuteronomy 10:16

Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiff-necked.

2 Kings 17:14

Notwithstanding, they would not listen, but hardened their neck, like the neck of their fathers, who didn't believe in Yahweh their God.

2 Chronicles 30:8

Now don't be stiff-necked, as your fathers were; but yield yourselves to Yahweh, and enter into his sanctuary, which he has sanctified forever, and serve Yahweh your God, that his fierce anger may turn away from you.

Nehemiah 9:16-17

"But they and our fathers dealt proudly and hardened their neck, didn't listen to your commandments,

Nehemiah 9:28

But after they had rest, they did evil again before you; therefore left you them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them; yet when they returned, and cried to you, you heard from heaven; and many times you delivered them according to your mercies,

Psalm 75:5

Don't lift up your horn on high. Don't speak with a stiff neck."

Psalm 78:8

and might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation that didn't make their hearts loyal, whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

Isaiah 46:12

Listen to me, you stout-hearted, who are far from righteousness:

Jeremiah 3:3

Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there has been no latter rain; yet you have a prostitute's forehead, you refused to be ashamed.

Jeremiah 5:3

O Yahweh, don't your eyes look on truth? You have stricken them, but they were not grieved. You have consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction. They have made their faces harder than a rock. They have refused to return.

Jeremiah 7:26

yet they didn't listen to me, nor inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff: they did worse than their fathers.

Jeremiah 19:15

Thus says Yahweh of Armies, the God of Israel, Behold, I will bring on this city and on all its towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it; because they have made their neck stiff, that they may not hear my words.

Ezekiel 3:4-9

He said to me, Son of man, go to the house of Israel, and speak my words to them.

Daniel 5:20

But when his heart was lifted up, and his spirit was hardened so that he dealt proudly, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him:

Zechariah 7:11-12

But they refused to listen, and turned their backs, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

Romans 2:5

But according to your hardness and unrepentant heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath, revelation, and of the righteous judgment of God;

Hebrews 3:13

but exhort one another day by day, so long as it is called "today;" lest any one of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.

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Word Concordance

Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.

International Standard Version Copyright © 1996-2008 by the ISV Foundation.

New American Standard Bible Copyright ©1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org

NET Bible copyright © 1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. NetBible

Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain