Parallel Verses

World English Bible

So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.

New American Standard Bible

So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires.

King James Version

Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

Holman Bible

So then, He shows mercy to those He wants to, and He hardens those He wants to harden.

International Standard Version

Therefore, God has mercy on whomever he chooses, and he hardens the heart of whomever he chooses.

A Conservative Version

So then he is merciful to whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

American Standard Version

So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardeneth.

Amplified

So then, He has mercy on whom He wills (chooses), and He hardens [the heart of] whom He wills.

An Understandable Version

So then, God has pity on whomever He wants to, and He makes stubborn whomever He wants.

Anderson New Testament

Therefore, he has mercy on whom he wills to have mercy: and whom he wills to harden, he hardens.

Bible in Basic English

So then, at his pleasure he has mercy on a man, and at his pleasure he makes the heart hard.

Common New Testament

Therefore he has mercy on whom he wills, and he hardens the heart of whom he wills.

Daniel Mace New Testament

thus some he pursues with his favours, and abandons others to their obduracy, according as he thinks fit.

Darby Translation

So then, to whom he will he shews mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

Godbey New Testament

Then therefore he has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

Goodspeed New Testament

So he has mercy on anyone he pleases, and hardens the heart of anyone he pleases.

John Wesley New Testament

So then he hath mercy on whom he willeth, and whom he willeth, he hardneth.

Julia Smith Translation

Surely then, whom he will he commiserates, and whom he will he hardens.

King James 2000

Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

Lexham Expanded Bible

Consequently therefore, he has mercy on whomever he wishes, and he hardens whomever he wishes.

Modern King James verseion

Therefore He has mercy on whom He will have mercy, and whom He will, He hardens.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

So hath he mercy on whom he will. And whom he will, he maketh hard hearted.

Moffatt New Testament

Thus God has mercy on anyone just as he pleases, and he makes anyone stubborn just as he pleases.

Montgomery New Testament

So then he has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will, he hardens.

NET Bible

So then, God has mercy on whom he chooses to have mercy, and he hardens whom he chooses to harden.

New Heart English Bible

So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.

Noyes New Testament

So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and hardeneth whom he will.

Sawyer New Testament

He therefore has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

The Emphasized Bible

Hence, then, - on whom he pleaseth, he hath mercy, and, whom he pleaseth, he doth harden.

Thomas Haweis New Testament

Well then, he hath mercy on whom he will, but whom he will he hardeneth.

Twentieth Century New Testament

So, then, where God wills, he takes pity, and where he wills, he hardens the heart.

Webster

Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

Weymouth New Testament

This is a proof that wherever He chooses He shows mercy, and wherever he chooses He hardens the heart.

Williams New Testament

So He has mercy on any man that He chooses to, and He hardens any man that He chooses to harden.

Worrell New Testament

So, then, He hath mercy on whom He willeth, and whom He willeth He hardeneth.

Worsley New Testament

So then He hath mercy on whom He pleaseth, and whom He will, He hardeneth.

Youngs Literal Translation

so, then, to whom He willeth, He doth kindness, and to whom He willeth, He doth harden.

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
οὖν 
Oun 
therefore, then, so, and, now, wherefore, but, not tr,
Usage: 417

hath he mercy on
ἐλεέω 
Eleeo 
Usage: 26

ὅς ἥ ὅ 
Hos 
ὅς ἥ ὅ 
Hos 
Usage: 980
Usage: 980

he will
θέλω ἐθέλω 
thelo 
θέλω ἐθέλω 
thelo 
will/would, will/would have, desire, desirous, list, to will,
will/would, will/would have, desire, desirous, list, to will,
Usage: 136
Usage: 136

have mercy, and
δέ 
De 
but, and, now, then, also, yet, yea, so, moreover, nevertheless, for, even, , not tr
Usage: 2184

Context Readings

God's Sovereign Choice To Show Mercy

17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "For this very purpose I caused you to be raised up, that I might show in you my power, and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth." 18 So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires. 19 You will say then to me, "Why does he still find fault? For who withstands his will?"


Cross References

Exodus 4:21

Yahweh said to Moses, "When you go back into Egypt, see that you do before Pharaoh all the wonders which I have put in your hand, but I will harden his heart and he will not let the people go.

Deuteronomy 2:30

But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him; for Yahweh your God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into your hand, as at this day.

Joshua 11:20

For it was of Yahweh to harden their hearts, to come against Israel in battle, that he might utterly destroy them, that they might have no favor, but that he might destroy them, as Yahweh commanded Moses.

Exodus 7:13

Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he didn't listen to them; as Yahweh had spoken.

Isaiah 63:17

O Yahweh, why do you make us to err from your ways, and harden our heart from your fear? Return for your servants' sake, the tribes of your inheritance.

Matthew 13:14-15

In them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says, 'By hearing you will hear, and will in no way understand; Seeing you will see, and will in no way perceive:

Acts 28:26-28

saying, 'Go to this people, and say, in hearing, you will hear, but will in no way understand. In seeing, you will see, but will in no way perceive.

Romans 1:24-28

Therefore God also gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness, that their bodies should be dishonored among themselves,

Romans 5:20-21

The law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where sin abounded, grace abounded more exceedingly;

Romans 9:15-16

For he said to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion."

Romans 11:7-8

What then? That which Israel seeks for, that he didn't obtain, but the chosen ones obtained it, and the rest were hardened.

Ephesians 1:6

to the praise of the glory of his grace, by which he freely bestowed favor on us in the Beloved,

2 Thessalonians 2:10-12

and with all deception of wickedness for those who are being lost, because they didn't receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved.

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Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.

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Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain