God his strength. (1.) One of Job's "three friends" who visited him in his affliction (Job 4:1). He was a "Temanite", i.e., a native of Teman, in Idumea. He first enters into debate with Job. His language is uniformly more delicate and gentle than that of the other two, although he imputes to Job special sins as the cause of his present sufferings. He states with remarkable force of language the infinite purity and majesty of God (Job 4:12-21; 15:12-16).
("God for strength".)
2. First of Job's three friends, the "Temanite," sprung from the former Eliphaz Teman answers to Edom (Jer 49:20), part of Arabia Petraea. Calmer and less vehement against Job than Bildad and Zophar, but condemned at the end for the same error, in spite. of the facts of daily life, that God's retributions here are complete, and that severe trial proved Job's past piety to be but hypocrisy. God's unapproachable majesty and purity are well get forth by him (Job 4; Job 5:14-16).
1. Eliphaz appears in the Edomite genealogy of Ge 36 (and hence 1Ch 1:35 f.) as son of Esau by Adah (1Ch 1:4,10), and father of Amalek by his Horite concubine Timnah (1Ch 1:12,22). 2. See Job [Book of].
2. Chief of Job's three friends, a 'Temanite,' or descendant of Teman. He and his companions did not understand God, nor His dealings in discipline with a righteous man. His arguments were founded on experience, as Bildad's were on tradition. They therefore condemned Job as an evil doer, considering that this was proved by what God had brought upon him. God's wrath was kindled against them, for they had not spoken of Him correctly. They were directed to take seven bullocks and seven rams and offer them as a burnt offering: Job, His servant, should pray for them, and God would accept him. Job 2:11; 4:1; 15:1; 22:1; 42:7,9.
(God is his strength).
1. The son of Esau and Adah, and the father of Teman.
2. The chief of the "three friends" of Job. He is called "the Temanite;" hence it is naturally inferred that he was a descendant of Teman. On him falls the main burden of the argument, that God's retribution in this world is perfect and certain, and that consequently suffering must be a proof of previous sin. Job 4,5,15,22. The great truth brought out by him is the unapproachable majesty and purity of God.
See Job (2)
See Job, Book of