1. A chief city of northern Canaan, whose king Jabin, at the head of an allied host, was defeated by Joshua, Jos 11:1-13. Hazor revived, however, and for a time oppressed the Israelites; but was subdued by Barak, fortified by Solomon, and remained in the possession of Israel until the invasion of Tiglathpileser, Jos 19:36; Jg 4:2; 1Ki 9:15; 2Ki 15:29. It lay not far from Lake Merom.
2. A region in Arabia, laid waste by Nebuchadnezzar, Jer 49:28-33. Its location is unknown.
enclosed; fortified. (1.) A stronghold of the Canaanites in the mountains north of Lake Merom (Jos 11:1-5). Jabin the king with his allied tribes here encountered Joshua in a great battle. Joshua gained a signal victory, which virtually completed his conquest of Canaan (Jos 11:10-13). This city was, however, afterwards rebuilt by the Canaanites, and was ruled by a king with the same hereditary name of Jabin. His army, under a noted leader of the name of Sisera, swept down upon the south, aiming at the complete subjugation of the country. This powerful army was met by the Israelites under Barak, who went forth by the advice of the prophetess Deborah. The result was one of the most remarkable victories for Israel recorded in the Old Testament (Jos 19:36; Jg 4:2; 1Sa 12:9). The city of Hazor was taken and occupied by the Israelites. It was fortified by Solomon to defend the entrance into the kingdom from Syria and Assyria. When Tiglath-pileser, the Assyrian king, invaded the land, this was one of the first cities he captured, carrying its inhabitants captive into Assyria (2Ki 15:29). It has been identified with Khurbet Harrah, 2 1/2 miles south-east of Kedesh.
(2.) A city in the south of Judah (Jos 15:23). The name here should probably be connected with the word following, Ithnan, HAZOR-ITHNAN instead of "Hazor and Ithnan."
(3.) A district in Arabia (Jer 49:28-33), supposed by some to be Jetor, i.e., Ituraea.
(4.) "Kerioth and Hezron" (Jos 15:1; 24:33) should be "Kerioth-hezron" (as in the R.V.), the two names being joined together as the name of one place (e.g., like Kirjath-jearim), "the same is Hazor" (R.V.). This place has been identified with el-Kuryetein, and has been supposed to be the home of Judas Iscariot. (See Kerioth.)
("enclosed".) (See HAROSHETH.)
1. In Naphtali, on a height overlooking Lake Merom (Jos 11:1,10, "head of all those kingdoms," i.e. the chief city of northern Palestine; Jos 12:19; 19:36; Jg 4:2,17; 1Sa 12:9). Burnt by Joshua in order not to leave such a strong place in his rear; rebuilt and made the second Jabin's seat whence he oppressed Israel. Fortified by Solomon as a point of defense at the entering into Palestine from Syria and Assyria; its fortification was one among the works which necessitated. a "levy" of taxes (1Ki 9:15). Its inhabitants were carried to Assyria by Tiglath Pileser (2Ki 15:29). Now Tell Khuraibeh, "the ruins," according to Robinson; but there are no old ruins there and no cisterns. Rather Tel Hara, where is an ancient fortress, and walls, ruins, and pottery (Our Work in Palestine, Palestine Exploration Fund).
2. A city in the extreme S. of Judah (Jos 15:23).
3. HAZOR-HADATTAH, "the new Hazor" as distinguished from the former; also in southern Judah (Jos 15:25).
4. A city N. of Jerusalem, where the Benjamites resided after the return from Babylon (Ne 11:33).
1. Ancient city and capital of northern Palestine. It was taken and burnt by Joshua; rebuilt and allotted to Naphtali, but was retaken by a second Jabin, king of Canaan, who was defeated by Deborah and Barak. It was fortified by Solomon, and was afterwards taken by Tiglath-pileser, and the inhabitants carried to Assyria. Jos 11:1-13; 12:19; 19:36; Jg 4:2,17; 1Sa 12:9; 1Ki 9:15; 2Ki 15:29. Identified by some with Jebel Hadireh, 33 4' N, 35 30' E. Others prefer the ruins at Harrah, about three miles to the N.E., which are much nearer the waters of Merom.
2. City in the south of Judah. Jos 15:23.
3. Apparently another city of Judah, which is distinguished thus: 'Hezron, which is Hazor.' Jos 15:25. See HAZOR-HADATTAH.
4. Place where the Benjamites resided after the return from exile. Ne 11:33. Identified with Hazzur, 31 50' N, 35 12' E.
1. A fortified city, which on the occupation of the country was allotted to Naphtali.
Its position was apparently between Ramah and Kedesh, ibid.
on the high ground overlooking the Lake of Merom. There is no reason for supposing it a different place from that of which Jabin was king.
It was the principal city of the whole of north Palestine.
It was fortified by Solomon,
and its inhabitants were carried captive by Tiglath-pileser.
The most probable site of Hazor is Tell Khuraibeh.
2. One of the "cities" of Judah in the extreme south, named next in order to Kedesh.
3. Hazor-Hadattah = "new Hazor" another of the southern towns of Judah.
4. A place in which the Benjamites resided after their return from the captivity.