A son of Ishmael, Ge 25:13, the father of the Kedarenians or Cedrei, mentioned by Pliny, who dwelt in the neighborhood of the Nabatheans, in Arabia Deserta. They were a numerous and powerful tribe, not of the best reputation, Ps 120:5, and their name is sometimes put for the whole of Arabia Desert and its wandering inhabitants, Isa 21:16-17; 42:11. Their black camel's hair tents are a picturesque feature in a landscape, Song 1:5.
dark-skinned, the second son of Ishmael (Ge 25:13).
It is the name for the nomadic tribes of Arabs, the Bedouins generally (Isa 21:16; 42:11; 60:7; Jer 2:10; Eze 27:21), who dwelt in the north-west of Arabia. They lived in black hair-tents (Song 1:5). To "dwell in the tents of Kedar" was to be cut off from the worship of the true God (Ps 120:5). The Kedarites suffered at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar (Jer 49:28-29).
("black skinned".) Ishmael's second son (Ge 25:13; Isa 21:16-17; 42:11; 60:7; Jer 49:28; Eze 27:21), occupying the pastures and wilds on the N.W. side of Arabia. Representing the Arabs in general, with flocks, and goat's or camel's hair tents, black as their own complexion (Song 1:5; Ps 120:5). "I dwell in the tents of Kedar, my soul hath long dwelt with him that hateth peace." Warriors and archers, among the marauding "children" or "men of the East," Bent Kedem; loving strife, true sons of Ishmael, of whom the Angel of Jehovah said "he will be a wild man, his hand will be against every man and every man's hand against him" (Ge 16:12).
The name of a nomadic people, living to the east of Palestine, whom Priestly Narrative (Ge 25:13) regards as a division of the Ishmaelites. Jeremiah (Jer 49:28) counts them among the 'sons of the East,' and in Jer 2:10 refers to them as symbolic of the East, as he does to Citium in Cyprus as symbolic of the West. In Isaiah (Isa 21:17) they are said to produce skilful archers, to live in villages (Isa 42:11), and (Isa 60:7) to be devoted to sheep-breeding. The latter passage also associates them with the Nebaioth. Jeremiah alludes also (Jer 49:29) to their nomadic life, to their sheep, camels, tents, and curtains. Ezekiel (Eze 27:21) couples them with Arabic' and speaks of their trade with Tyre in lambs, rams, and goats. In Ps 120:5 Kedar is used as the type of barbarous unfeeling people, and in Song 1:5 their tents are used as a symbol of blackness. The Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (b.c. 668
Son of Ishmael, and founder of an important tribe inhabiting the north-west of Arabia, though the name is probably also employed for Arabs generally. Ge 25:13; 1Ch 1:29. The Psalmist desired peace, for he had been dwelling in the tents of Kedar, with those who 'hated peace.' Ps 120:5-6. The bride in Cant. 1:5 was black, or dark, like the black tents of Kedar. The references to lambs, rams, goats, flocks, camels, tents, and tent-curtains, show that a nomadic people are spoken of, though their, 'villages' are also mentioned. Judgements were pronounced against them. Isa 21:16-17; 42:11; 60:7; Jer 2:10; 49:28; Eze 27:21.
(dark-skinned), the second in order of the sons of Ishmael,
and the name of a great tribe of Arabs settled on the northwest of the peninsula and on the confines of Palestine. The "glory of Kedar" is recorded by the prophet Isaiah,
in the burden upon Arabia; and its importance may also be inferred from the "princes of Kedar" mentioned by Ezekiel,
as well as the pastoral character of the tribe. They appear also to have been, like the wandering tribes of the present day, "archers" and "mighty men."
comp. Psal 120:5 That they also settled in villages or towns we find from Isaiah.
The tribe seems to have been one of the most conspicuous of all the Ishmaelite tribes, and hence the rabbins call the Arabians universally by this name.
KEDAR. This name signifies black in the original; and hence Bochart concludes that it refers to a people or tribe of Arabs who were more than others burned by the sun; but none of the Arabs are black. The name is also supposed to refer to the black tents made of felt, which are still in use; and Song 1:5, is quoted in support of this usage of the word: "I am black, but comely as the tents of Kedar." But the Arabic root is by some said to signify power and dignity. Kedar was the second son of Ishmael, whose family probably became more numerous, or more warlike, than those of his brethren, and so took precedence of name. This latter supposition appears probable from the manner in which they are mentioned by Isa 21:16-17, who speaks of "the glory of Kedar," and "the archers and mighty men of Kedar." Their flocks are also spoken of by the same Prophet, Isa 60:7, together with those of Nebaioth, whose tribe or family both shared and outlived the glory of Kedar.