6 occurrences in 6 dictionaries

Reference: Sheba

American

1. Son of Raamah, Ge 10:7. His posterity is supposed to have settled near the head of the Persian Gulf. See CUSH and RAAMAH.

2. Son of Joktan, of the race of Shem, Ge 10:28. See SABEANS 2.

3. Son of Jokshan, and grandson of Abraham by Keturah, Ge 25:3. He is supposed to have settled in Arabia Deserta.

4. A turbulent Benjamite, who after the death of Absalom made a fruitless effort to excite a rebellion in Israel against David. Being pursued, and besieged in Abel-beth-maachah, near the southern part of Lebanon, he was beheaded by the people of the city, 2Sa 20.

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Easton

an oath, seven. (1.) Heb shebha, the son of Raamah (Ge 10:7), whose descendants settled with those of Dedan on the Persian Gulf.

(2.) Heb id. A son of Joktan (Ge 10:28), probably the founder of the Sabeans.

(3.) Heb id. A son of Jokshan, who was a son of Abraham by Keturah (Ge 25:3).

(4.) Heb id. A kingdom in Arabia Felix. Sheba, in fact, was Saba in Southern Arabia, the Sabaeans of classical geography, who carried on the trade in spices with the other peoples of the ancient world. They were Semites, speaking one of the two main dialects of Himyaritic or South Arabic. Sheba had become a monarchy before the days of Solomon. Its queen brought him gold, spices, and precious stones (1Ki 10:1-13). She is called by our Lord the "queen of the south" (Mt 12:42).

(5.) Heb shebha', "seven" or "an oak." A town of Simeon (Jos 19:2).

(6.) Heb id. A "son of Bichri," of the family of Becher, the son of Benjamin, and thus of the stem from which Saul was descended (2Sa 20:1-22). When David was returning to Jerusalem after the defeat of Absalom, a strife arose between the ten tribes and the tribe of Judah, because the latter took the lead in bringing back the king. Sheba took advantage of this state of things, and raised the standard of revolt, proclaiming, "We have no part in David." With his followers he proceeded northward. David seeing it necessary to check this revolt, ordered Abishai to take the gibborim, "mighty men," and the body-guard and such troops as he could gather, and pursue Sheba. Joab joined the expedition, and having treacherously put Amasa to death, assumed the command of the army. Sheba took refuge in Abel-Bethmaachah, a fortified town some miles north of Lake Merom. While Joab was engaged in laying siege to this city, Sheba's head was, at the instigation of a "wise woman" who had held a parley with him from the city walls, thrown over the wall to the besiegers, and thus the revolt came to an end.

Illustration: Nablus or Shechem

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Hastings

1. The OT name for the people and country of the Sab

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Morish

Sheba. She'ba

1. Son of Bichri, a Benjamite: he revolted against David after Absalom. David said, "Sheba, the son of Bichri, shall do us more harm than did Absalom," but he was pursued by Joab, and was beheaded at Abel. 2Sa 20:1-22.

2. A chief of the Gadites. 1Ch 5:13.

3. City in Simeon. Jos 19:2. Identified with Tell es Seba, 31 15' N, 34 50' E.

Sheba. Sheba'

1. Son of Raamah, a son of Cush. Ge 10:7; 1Ch 1:9. His descendants are generally held to have settled on the shores of the Persian Gulf.

2. Son of Joktan, a descendant of Shem. Ge 10:28; 1Ch 1:22. His descendants have been traced to Southern Arabia, or Arabia Felix. The metropolis of the district was at or near the modern Mareb, about 15 45' N, 45 35' E.

3. Son of Jokshan, a son of Abraham and Keturah. Ge 25:3; 1Ch 1:32. Some judge his descendants to have settled 'far north'; others place them 'somewhere in Arabia.' (The name 'Sheba' occurs also in Job 6:19; Ps 72:10,15; Isa 60:6; Jer 6:20; Eze 27:22-23; 38:13; but it is uncertain to which of the above three races each passage refers.)

4. The country from whence the queen came who visited Solomon. She brought gold, precious stones, and a great store of spices. The Lord spoke of her as 'the queen of the south.' 1Ki 10:1-13; 9/1/type/asv'>2Ch 9:1,3,9,12; Mt 12:42; Lu 11:31. The 'south' well agrees with the locality of the descendants of Sheba, the son of Joktan.

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Smith

She'ba

(on oath), the son of Bichri, a Benjamite,

2Sa 20:1-22

the last chief of the Absalom insurrection. The occasion seized by Sheba was the emulation between the northern and southern tribes on David's return.

2Sa 20:1-2

Sheba traversed the whole of Palestine apparently rousing the population, Joab following in full pursuit to the fortress Abel Beth-maachah, where Sheba was beheaded.

2Sa 20:3-22

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Watsons

SHEBA. Of "the queen of Sheba," mention is made 1Ki 10:1-2, &c; 2Ch 9:1-2, &c; Mt 12:42; Lu 11:31. She is called "queen of the south," and was, according to some, a queen of Arabia; and, according to others, a queen of Ethiopia. Josephus says, that Sheba was the ancient name of the city of Meroe, before Cambyses gave it that of his sister; and that it was from thence the queen came of whom we are speaking. This opinion has much prevailed. The Abyssinians at this day, maintain, that this princess was of their country, and that her posterity reigned there a long time. They preserve a catalogue of them, their names and successions.

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