Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1248

KJV Translation Count — 16x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: bitterness (3), bitter (2), bitterly (2), choler (2), grieved (2), vexed (2), bitterness 4751 (1), grieved him (1), provoke (1)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. to be bitter
a. (Qal) to be bitter
b. (Piel)
1. to show bitterness
2. to make bitter
c. (Hiphil) to make bitter, embitter
d. (Hithpalpel)
1. to embitter oneself
2. to be enraged
2. (TWOT) to be strong, strengthen

Strong's Definitions

marar, maw-rar'; a primitive root; properly, to trickle (see 4752); but used only as a denominative from 4751; to be (causatively, make) bitter (literally or figuratively): — (be, be in, deal, have, make) bitter(-ly, - ness), be moved with choler, (be, have sorely, it) grieved(-eth), provoke, vex.

Concordance Results Using KJV

The archers have sorely H4843 H4843, and shot at H4843, and hated H4843:


And they made their lives H4843 with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.


Beware of H4843, and obey his voice, H4843 H4843 not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in H4843.


Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me.


And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very H4843ly with me.


And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning H4843, because the soul of all the people was H4843, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged H4843self in the LORD his God.


And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught H4843 by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And the man of God said, Let her alone; for her soul is H4843 within her: and the LORD hath hid it from me, and hath not told me.


As God liveth, who hath taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who hath H4843 my soul;


Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will weep H4843ly, labour not to comfort me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my people.


They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink shall be H4843 to them that drink it.