Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2409

KJV Translation Count — 92x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: desolate (49), astonished (20), desolation (7), waste (5), destroy (3), wondered (2), amazed (1), astonishment (1), misc (4)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. to be desolate, be appalled, stun, stupefy
a. (Qal)
1. to be desolated, be deflowered, be deserted, be appalled
2. to be appalled, be awestruck
b. (Niphal)
1. to be desolated, be made desolate
2. to be appalled
c. (Polel)
1. to be stunned
2. appalling, causing horror (participle)
a. horror-causer, appaller (subst)
d. (Hiphil)
1. to devastate, ravage, make desolated
2. to appal, show horror
e. (Hophal) to lay desolate, be desolated
f. (Hithpolel)
1. to cause to be desolate
2. to be appalled, be astounded
3. to cause oneself desolation, cause oneself ruin

Strong's Definitions

shamem, shaw-mame'; a primitive root; to stun (or intransitively, grow numb), i.e. devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense): — make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish(-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate(ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.

Concordance Results Using KJV

I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and H8074 your cattle, and make you few in number; and your high ways shall be H8074.


And I will make your cities H8074, and bring your sanctuaries unto H8074, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.


And I will bring the land into H8074: and your enemies which dwell therein shall be H8074 at it.


Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth H8074, and ye be in your enemies' land; even then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths.


As long as it lieth H8074 it shall rest; because it did not rest in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it.


The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth H8074 without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.


We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them H8074 even unto Nophah, which reacheth unto Medeba.


But the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and he H8074ed them, and smote them with emerods, even Ashdod and the coasts thereof.


And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he is thy brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained H8074 in her brother Absalom's house.


And at this house, which is high, every one that passeth by it shall be H8074, and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and to this house?