Exodus 21



Regulations Regarding Hebrew Slaves

1 "Now these are the ordinances which you are to set before them:

1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

1 "These are the ordinances that you are to set before them.

1 Now these are the ordinances you [Moses] shall set before [the Israelites].

Laws About Slaves

2 "If you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve for six years; but on the seventh he shall go out as a free man without payment.

2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

2 "When you acquire a Hebrew servant, he is to serve for six years, and in the seventh he is to go out a free man without paying anything.

2 If you buy a Hebrew servant [as the result of debt or theft], he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go out free, paying nothing.

3 "If he comes alone, he shall go out alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.

3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

3 If he came in by himself, he is to go out by himself. If he was married, his wife is to go out with him.

3 If he came [to you] by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he came married, then his wife shall go out with him.

4 "If his master gives him a wife, and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall belong to her master, and he shall go out alone.

4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.

4 If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and children belong to her master, and he is to go out by himself.

4 If his master has given him a wife and she has borne him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out [of your service] alone.

5 "But if the slave plainly says, 'I love my master, my wife and my children; I will not go out as a free man,'

5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:

5 But if the servant, in fact, says, "I love my master, my wife, and my children, and I won't go out a free man,'

5 But if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go free,

6 then his master shall bring him to God, then he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him permanently.

6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.

6 then his master is to bring him before the judges and he is to bring him to the door or to the doorpost. His master is to pierce his ear with an awl, and he is to serve him permanently.

6 Then his master shall bring him to God [the judges as His agents]; he shall bring him to the door or doorpost and shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him for life.

7 "If a man sells his daughter as a female slave, she is not to go free as the male slaves do.

7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.

7 "When a man sells his daughter as a servant, she won't go out as the male servants do.

7 If a man sells his daughter to be a maidservant or bondwoman, she shall not go out [in six years] as menservants do.

8 "If she is displeasing in the eyes of her master who designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He does not have authority to sell her to a foreign people because of his unfairness to her.

8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

8 If she's displeasing to her master who selected her for himself, he must let her be redeemed. He does not have the right to sell her to foreign people, because he has dealt unfairly with her.

8 If she does not please her master who has not espoused her to himself, he shall let her be redeemed. To sell her to a foreign people he shall have no power, for he has dealt faithlessly with her.

9 "If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her according to the custom of daughters.

9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters.

9 If he has selected her for his son, he is to treat her according to the ordinance for daughters.

9 And if he espouses her to his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter.

10 "If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her food, her clothing, or her conjugal rights.

10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

10 If he takes another woman for himself, he may not withhold from the first her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

10 If he marries again, her food, clothing, and privilege as a wife shall he not diminish.

11 "If he will not do these three things for her, then she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.

11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

11 If he does not do these three things for her, she may go out without paying anything at all."

11 And if he does not do these three things for her, then shall she go out free, without payment of money.

Laws About Personal Injury

12 "He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death.

12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

12 "Whoever strikes a man so that he dies is certainly to be put to death.

12 Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death.

13 "But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.

13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

13 If he didn't lie in wait, but God let him fall into his reach, then I'll appoint for you a place to which he may flee.

13 But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God allowed him to fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee [for protection until duly tried].

14 "If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.

14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

14 If a man acts deliberately against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you are to take him to die even if he's at my altar.

14 But if a man comes willfully upon another to slay him craftily, you shall take him from My altar [to which he may have fled for protection], that he may die.

15 "He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

15 "Whoever strikes his father or his mother is certainly to be put to death.

15 Whoever strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

16 "He who kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his possession, shall surely be put to death.

16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

16 "Whoever kidnaps a person, whether he has sold him or whether the victim is still in his possession, is certainly to be put to death.

16 Whoever kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or is found with him in his possession, shall surely be put to death.

17 "He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

17 "Whoever curses his father or his mother is certainly to be put to death.

17 Whoever curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

18 "If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but remains in bed,

18 And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

18 "If people quarrel and one strikes the other with a rock or his fist, and he does not die but ends up in bed,

18 If men quarrel and one strikes another with a stone or with his fist and he does not die but keeps his bed,

19 if he gets up and walks around outside on his staff, then he who struck him shall go unpunished; he shall only pay for his loss of time, and shall take care of him until he is completely healed.

19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

19 and the injured person then gets up and walks around outside with the help of his staff, the one who struck him is not liable, except that he is to compensate him for his loss of time and take care of his complete recovery.

19 If he rises again and walks about leaning upon his staff, then he that struck him shall be clear, except he must pay for the loss of his time and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

20 "If a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod and he dies at his hand, he shall be punished.

20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.

20 "If a man strikes his male or female servant with a stick and he or she dies as a direct result, the master must be punished.

20 And if a man strikes his servant or his maid with a rod and he [or she] dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished.

21 "If, however, he survives a day or two, no vengeance shall be taken; for he is his property.

21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money.

21 But if the servant survives a day or two, the master is not to be punished because the servant is his property.

21 But if the servant lives on for a day or two, the offender shall not be punished, for he [has injured] his own property.

22 "If men struggle with each other and strike a woman with child so that she gives birth prematurely, yet there is no injury, he shall surely be fined as the woman's husband may demand of him, and he shall pay as the judges decide.

22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.

22 "If two men are fighting and they strike a pregnant woman and her children are born prematurely, but there is no harm, he is certainly to be fined as the husband of the woman demands of him, and he will pay as the court decides.

22 If men contend with each other, and a pregnant woman [interfering] is hurt so that she has a miscarriage, yet no further damage follows, [the one who hurt her] shall surely be punished with a fine [paid] to the woman's husband, as much as the judges determine.

23 "But if there is any further injury, then you shall appoint as a penalty life for life,

23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life,

23 If there is harm, then you are to require life for life,

23 But if any damage follows, then you shall give life for life,

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

25 burn for burn, wound for wound, and bruise for bruise.

25 Burn for burn, wound for wound, and lash for lash.

26 "If a man strikes the eye of his male or female slave, and destroys it, he shall let him go free on account of his eye.

26 And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.

26 "If a man strikes the eye of his male or female servant and destroys it, he is to release him as a free man in exchange for his eye.

26 And if a man hits the eye of his servant or the eye of his maid so that it is destroyed, he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.

27 "And if he knocks out a tooth of his male or female slave, he shall let him go free on account of his tooth.

27 And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

27 If he knocks out the tooth of his male or female servant, he is to release him as a free man in exchange for his tooth.

27 And if he knocks out his manservant's tooth or his maidservant's tooth, he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

The Responsibility Of Owners

28 "If an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the ox shall surely be stoned and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall go unpunished.

28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.

28 "If an ox gores a man or woman so that they die, the ox is certainly to be stoned and its flesh may not be eaten, but the owner of the ox is free from liability.

28 If an ox gores a man or a woman to death, then the ox shall surely be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be clear.

29 "If, however, an ox was previously in the habit of goring and its owner has been warned, yet he does not confine it and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death.

29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.

29 But if the ox has gored previously, and its owner has been warned about it but didn't restrain it, and it kills a man or woman, the ox is to be stoned and its owner also is to be put to death.

29 But if the ox has tried to gore before, and its owner has been warned but has not kept it closed in and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also put to death.

30 "If a ransom is demanded of him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is demanded of him.

30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.

30 If a fine is imposed on him, he may pay all that was imposed on him as a ransom for his life.

30 If a ransom is put on [the man's] life, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is laid upon him.

31 "Whether it gores a son or a daughter, it shall be done to him according to the same rule.

31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.

31 This same ordinance applies if it gores a son or daughter.

31 If the [man's ox] has gored another's son or daughter, he shall be dealt with according to this same rule.

32 "If the ox gores a male or female slave, the owner shall give his or her master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

32 "If the ox gores a male or female servant, the owner is to give 30 shekels of silver to the servant's master, and the ox is to be stoned.

32 If the ox gores a manservant or a maidservant, the owner shall give to their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

Laws About Restitution

33 "If a man opens a pit, or digs a pit and does not cover it over, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

33 And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

33 If a man opens a pit or digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or donkey falls into it,

33 If a man leaves a pit open or digs a pit and does not cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

34 the owner of the pit shall make restitution; he shall give money to its owner, and the dead animal shall become his.

34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.

34 the owner of the pit is to make restitution. He is to pay money to its owner, and the dead animal will become his.

34 The owner of the pit shall make it good; he shall give money to the animal's owner, but the dead beast shall be his.

35 "If one man's ox hurts another's so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide its price equally; and also they shall divide the dead ox.

35 And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide.

35 "If a man's ox strikes his neighbor's ox and it dies, they are to sell the live ox and divide the money. They also are to divide the dead animal.

35 If one man's ox hurts another's so that it dies, they shall sell the live ox and divide the price of it; the dead ox also they shall divide between them.

36 "Or if it is known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not confined it, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal shall become his.

36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.

36 But if it was known that the ox had gored previously, and its owner didn't restrain it, he shall certainly repay ox for ox, and the dead ox will become his."

36 Or if it is known that the ox has gored in the past, and its owner has not kept it closed in, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead beast shall be his.



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