Regulations Regarding Hebrew Slaves

1 And these are the judgments which thou dost set before them:

1 “Now these are the (A)ordinances which you are to set before them:

1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

1 “These are the ordinances that you must set before them:

1 "These are the ordinances that you are to set before them.

Laws About Slaves

2 When thou buyest a Hebrew servant -- six years he doth serve, and in the seventh he goeth out as a freeman for nought;

2 “If you buy (B)a Hebrew slave, he shall serve for six years; but on the seventh he shall go out as a free man without payment.

2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

2 “When you buy a Hebrew slave, he is to serve for six years; then in the seventh he is to leave as a free man(a) without paying anything.(A)

2 "When you acquire a Hebrew servant, he is to serve for six years, and in the seventh he is to go out a free man without paying anything.

3 if by himself he cometh in, by himself he goeth out; if he is owner of a wife, then his wife hath gone out with him;

3 If he comes (a)alone, he shall go out (b)alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.

3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

3 If he arrives alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrives with(b) a wife, his wife is to leave with him.

3 If he came in by himself, he is to go out by himself. If he was married, his wife is to go out with him.

4 if his lord give to him a wife, and she hath borne to him sons or daughters -- the wife and her children are her lord's, and he goeth out by himself.

4 If his master gives him a wife, and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall belong to her master, and he shall go out (c)alone.

4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.

4 If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children belong to her master, and the man must leave alone.

4 If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and children belong to her master, and he is to go out by himself.

5 And if the servant really say: I have loved my lord, my wife, and my sons -- I do not go out free;

5 But (C)if the slave plainly says, ‘I love my master, my wife and my children; I will not go out as a free man,’

5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:

5 “But if the slave declares: ‘I love my master, my wife, and my children; I do not want to leave as a free man,’(B)

5 But if the servant, in fact, says, "I love my master, my wife, and my children, and I won't go out a free man,'

6 then hath his lord brought him nigh unto God, and hath brought him nigh unto the door, or unto the side-post, and his lord hath bored his ear with an awl, and he hath served him -- to the age.

6 then his master shall bring him to (d)God, then he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him permanently.

6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.

6 his master is to bring him to the judges(c) and then bring him to the door or doorpost. His master must pierce his ear with an awl, and he will serve his master for life.

6 then his master is to bring him before the judges and he is to bring him to the door or to the doorpost. His master is to pierce his ear with an awl, and he is to serve him permanently.

7 'And when a man selleth his daughter for a handmaid, she doth not go out according to the going out of the men-servants;

7 (D)If a man sells his daughter as a female slave, she is not to (e)go free (E)as the male slaves (f)do.

7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.

7 “When a man sells his daughter as a slave,(d) she is not to leave as the male slaves do.(C)

7 "When a man sells his daughter as a servant, she won't go out as the male servants do.

8 if evil in the eyes of her lord, so that he hath not betrothed her, then he hath let her be ransomed; to a strange people he hath not power to sell her, in his dealing treacherously with her.

8 If she is (g)displeasing in the eyes of her master (h)who designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He does not have authority to sell her to a foreign people because of his (i)unfairness to her.

8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

8 If she is displeasing to her master, who chose her for himself, then he must let her be redeemed. He has no right to sell her to foreigners because he has acted treacherously toward her.

8 If she's displeasing to her master who selected her for himself, he must let her be redeemed. He does not have the right to sell her to foreign people, because he has dealt unfairly with her.

9 'And if to his son he betroth her, according to the right of daughters he doth to her.

9 If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her according to the custom of daughters.

9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters.

9 Or if he chooses her for his son, he must deal with her according to the customary treatment of daughters.

9 If he has selected her for his son, he is to treat her according to the ordinance for daughters.

10 If another woman he take for him, her food, her covering, and her habitation, he doth not withdraw;

10 If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her (j)food, her clothing, or (F)her conjugal rights.

10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

10 If he takes an additional wife, he must not reduce the food, clothing, or marital rights of the first wife.(D)

10 If he takes another woman for himself, he may not withhold from the first her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

11 and if these three he do not to her, then she hath gone out for nought, without money.

11 If he will not do these three things for her, then she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.

11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

11 And if he does not do these three things for her, she may leave free of charge, without any exchange of money.(e)

11 If he does not do these three things for her, she may go out without paying anything at all."

Laws About Personal Injury

12 'He who smiteth a man so that he hath died, is certainly put to death;

12 (G)He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death.

12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

12 “Whoever strikes a person so that he dies must be put to death.(E)

12 "Whoever strikes a man so that he dies is certainly to be put to death.

13 as to him who hath not laid wait, and God hath brought to his hand, I have even set for thee a place whither he doth flee.

13 (H)But (k)if he did not lie in wait for him, but (I)God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.

13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

13 But if he didn’t intend any harm,(f) and yet God caused it to happen by his hand, I will appoint a place for you where he may flee.(F)

13 If he didn't lie in wait, but God let him fall into his reach, then I'll appoint for you a place to which he may flee.

14 'And when a man doth presume against his neighbour to slay him with subtilty, from Mine altar thou dost take him to die.

14 (J)If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.

14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

14 If a person schemes and willfully(g) acts against his neighbor to murder him, you must take him from My altar to be put to death.(G)

14 If a man acts deliberately against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you are to take him to die even if he's at my altar.

15 'And he who smiteth his father or his mother is certainly put to death.

15 “He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

15 “Whoever strikes his father or his mother must be put to death.

15 "Whoever strikes his father or his mother is certainly to be put to death.

16 'And he who stealeth a man, and hath sold him, and he hath been found in his hand, is certainly put to death.

16 (K)He who (l)kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his (m)possession, shall surely be put to death.

16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

16 “Whoever kidnaps a person must be put to death, whether he sells him or the person is found in his possession.(H)

16 "Whoever kidnaps a person, whether he has sold him or whether the victim is still in his possession, is certainly to be put to death.

17 'And he who is reviling his father or his mother is certainly put to death.

17 (L)He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

17 “Whoever curses his father or his mother must be put to death.(I)

17 "Whoever curses his father or his mother is certainly to be put to death.

18 'And when men contend, and a man hath smitten his neighbour with a stone, or with the fist, and he die not, but hath fallen on the bed;

18 “If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but (n)remains in bed,

18 And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

18 “When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or his fist, and the injured man does not die but is confined to bed,

18 "If people quarrel and one strikes the other with a rock or his fist, and he does not die but ends up in bed,

19 if he rise, and hath gone up and down without on his staff, then hath the smiter been acquitted; only his cessation he giveth, and he is thoroughly healed.

19 if he gets up and walks around outside on his staff, then he who struck him shall go unpunished; he shall only pay for his (o)loss of time, and (p)shall take care of him until he is completely healed.

19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

19 if he can later get up and walk around outside leaning on his staff, then the one who struck him will be exempt from punishment. Nevertheless, he must pay for his lost work time(h) and provide for his complete recovery.

19 and the injured person then gets up and walks around outside with the help of his staff, the one who struck him is not liable, except that he is to compensate him for his loss of time and take care of his complete recovery.

20 And when a man smiteth his man-servant or his handmaid, with a rod, and he hath died under his hand -- he is certainly avenged;

20 “If a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod and he dies (q)at his hand, he shall (r)be punished.

20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.

20 “When a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod, and the slave dies under his abuse,(i) the owner must be punished.(j)

20 "If a man strikes his male or female servant with a stick and he or she dies as a direct result, the master must be punished.

21 only if he remain a day, or two days, he is not avenged, for he is his money.

21 If, however, he (s)survives a day or two, no vengeance shall be taken; (M)for he is his (t)property.

21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money.

21 However, if the slave can stand up after a day or two, the owner should not be punished(k) because he is his owner’s property.(l)(J)

21 But if the servant survives a day or two, the master is not to be punished because the servant is his property.

22 'And when men strive, and have smitten a pregnant woman, and her children have come out, and there is no mischief, he is certainly fined, as the husband of the woman doth lay upon him, and he hath given through the judges;

22 “If men struggle with each other and strike a woman with child so that (u)she gives birth prematurely, yet there is no injury, he shall surely be fined as the woman’s husband (v)may demand of him, and he shall (N)pay (w)as the judges decide.

22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.

22 “When men get in a fight and hit a pregnant woman so that her children are born prematurely(m) but there is no injury, the one who hit her must be fined as the woman’s husband demands(K) from him, and he must pay according to judicial assessment.

22 "If two men are fighting and they strike a pregnant woman and her children are born prematurely, but there is no harm, he is certainly to be fined as the husband of the woman demands of him, and he will pay as the court decides.

23 and if there is mischief, then thou hast given life for life,

23 But if there is any further injury, (O)then you shall appoint as a penalty life for life,

23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life,

23 If there is an injury, then you must give life for life,

23 If there is harm, then you are to require life for life,

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

24 (P)eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth,(L) hand for hand, foot for foot,

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

25 burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

25 burn for burn, wound for wound, (x)bruise for bruise.

25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

25 burn for burn, bruise for bruise, wound for wound.

25 burn for burn, wound for wound, and bruise for bruise.

26 'And when a man smiteth the eye of his man-servant, or the eye of his handmaid, and hath destroyed it, as a freeman he doth send him away for his eye;

26 “If a man strikes the eye of his male or female slave, and destroys it, he shall let him go free on account of his eye.

26 And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.

26 “When a man strikes the eye of his male or female slave and destroys it, he must let the slave go free in compensation for his eye.

26 "If a man strikes the eye of his male or female servant and destroys it, he is to release him as a free man in exchange for his eye.

27 and if a tooth of his man-servant or a tooth of his handmaid he knock out, as a freeman he doth send him away for his tooth.

27 And if he (y)knocks out a tooth of his male or female slave, he shall let him go free on account of his tooth.

27 And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

27 If he knocks out the tooth of his male or female slave, he must let the slave go free in compensation for his tooth.

27 If he knocks out the tooth of his male or female servant, he is to release him as a free man in exchange for his tooth.

The Responsibility Of Owners

28 And when an ox doth gore man or woman, and they have died, the ox is certainly stoned, and his flesh is not eaten, and the owner of the ox is acquitted;

28 “If an ox gores a man or a woman (z)to death, (Q)the ox shall surely be stoned and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall go unpunished.

28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.

28 “When an ox(n) gores a man or a woman to death, the ox must be stoned,(M) and its meat may not be eaten, but the ox’s owner is innocent.

28 "If an ox gores a man or woman so that they die, the ox is certainly to be stoned and its flesh may not be eaten, but the owner of the ox is free from liability.

29 and if the ox is one accustomed to gore heretofore, and it hath been testified to its owner, and he doth not watch it, and it hath put to death a man or woman, the ox is stoned, and its owner also is put to death.

29 If, however, an ox was previously in the habit of goring and its owner has been warned, yet he does not confine it and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death.

29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.

29 However, if the ox was in the habit of goring, and its owner has been warned yet does not restrain it, and it kills a man or a woman, the ox must be stoned, and its owner must also be put to death.

29 But if the ox has gored previously, and its owner has been warned about it but didn't restrain it, and it kills a man or woman, the ox is to be stoned and its owner also is to be put to death.

30 'If atonement is laid upon him, then he hath given the ransom of his life, according to all that is laid upon him;

30 If a ransom is (aa)demanded of him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is (ab)demanded of him.

30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.

30 If instead a ransom(N) is demanded of him, he can pay a redemption price for his life in the full amount demanded from him.

30 If a fine is imposed on him, he may pay all that was imposed on him as a ransom for his life.

31 whether it gore a son or gore a daughter, according to this judgment it is done to him.

31 Whether it gores a son or (ac)a daughter, it shall be done to him according to (ad)the same rule.

31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.

31 If it gores a son or a daughter, he is to be dealt with according to this same law.

31 This same ordinance applies if it gores a son or daughter.

32 'If the ox gore a man-servant or a handmaid, thirty silver shekels he doth give to their lord, and the ox is stoned.

32 If the ox gores a male or female slave, (ae)the owner shall give his or her master (R)thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

32 If the ox gores a male or female slave, he must give 30 shekels(O) of silver(o) to the slave’s master, and the ox must be stoned.

32 "If the ox gores a male or female servant, the owner is to give 30 shekels of silver to the servant's master, and the ox is to be stoned.

Laws About Restitution

33 And when a man doth open a pit, or when a man doth dig a pit, and doth not cover it, and an ox or ass hath fallen thither, --

33 “If a man opens a pit, or (af)digs a pit and does not cover it over, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

33 And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

33 “When a man uncovers a pit or digs a pit, and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

33 If a man opens a pit or digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or donkey falls into it,

34 the owner of the pit doth repay, money he doth give back to its owner, and the dead is his.

34 the owner of the pit shall make restitution; he shall (ag)give money to its owner, and the dead animal shall become his.

34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.

34 the owner of the pit must give compensation; he must pay money to its owner, but the dead animal will become his.

34 the owner of the pit is to make restitution. He is to pay money to its owner, and the dead animal will become his.

35 'And when a man's ox doth smite the ox of his neighbour, and it hath died, then they have sold the living ox, and halved its money, and also the dead one they do halve;

35 “If one man’s ox hurts another’s so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide its price equally; and also they shall divide the dead ox.

35 And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide.

35 “When a man’s ox injures his neighbor’s ox and it dies, they must sell the live ox and divide its proceeds; they must also divide the dead animal.

35 "If a man's ox strikes his neighbor's ox and it dies, they are to sell the live ox and divide the money. They also are to divide the dead animal.

36 or, it hath been known that the ox is one accustomed to gore heretofore, and its owner doth not watch it, he certainly repayeth ox for ox, and the dead is his.

36 Or if it is known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not confined it, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal shall become his.

36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.

36 If, however, it is known that the ox was in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not restrained it, he must compensate fully, ox for ox; the dead animal will become his.

36 But if it was known that the ox had gored previously, and its owner didn't restrain it, he shall certainly repay ox for ox, and the dead ox will become his."

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