This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants: one proceeding from Mount Sinai bearing children who are to be slaves; she is Hagar.
Now these things happened to them as an example, and they were written for our instruction, upon whom the ends of the ages have come.
After Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, Abram’s wife Sarai took Hagar the Egyptian, her maid, and gave her to her husband Abram as his wife.
He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s maid, where have you come from and where are you going?” And she said, “I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai.”
So Hagar bore Abram a son; and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael.
Now Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking.
Now these are the records of the generations of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s maid, bore to Abraham;
He said, “ The Lord came from Sinai, And dawned on them from Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran, And He came from the midst of ten thousand holy ones; At His right hand there was flashing lightning for them.
Then I said, “Ah Lord God! They are saying of me, ‘Is he not just speaking parables?’”
They will walk after the Lord, He will roar like a lion; Indeed He will roar And His sons will come trembling from the west.
This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: “ I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden since the foundation of the world.”
And when He had taken some bread and given thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, “ Abba! Father!”
and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.
Brethren, I speak in terms of human relations: even though it is only a man’s covenant, yet when it has been ratified, no one sets it aside or adds conditions to it.
Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.
It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery.
so much the more also Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant.
But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises.
For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
And the Holy Spirit also testifies to us; for after saying,
He considered that God is able to raise people even from the dead, from which he also received him back as a type.
and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.
Now the God of peace, who brought up from the dead the great Shepherd of the sheep through the blood of the eternal covenant, even Jesus our Lord,