1 Israel is an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the goodness of his land they have made goodly images.
1 "Israel, the overgrown vine, bears fruit like itself; the more fruitful they become, the more altars they build. The better the land, the more ornate the stone idols.
1 Israel is a luxuriant and prolific vine;He produces fruit for himself.The more his fruit,The more altars he made [to Baal];The richer his land,The better he made the [idolatrous] pillars.
2 Their heart is divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images.
2 Their hearts are divided; from now on they are to be found guilty. God will tear down their altars, he will destroy their stone idols.
2 Their heart is divided (faithless);Now they must bear their guilt and punishment.The Lord will break down [the horns of] their altars;He will destroy their idolatrous pillars.
3 For now they shall say, We have no king, because we feared not the LORD; what then should a king do to us?
3 From now on they will say, "We have no king, because we did not fear the LORD and what would a king do for us?'
3 Surely now they will say [in despair], “We have no [true] king,For we do not revere the Lord;And as for the king, what can he do for us [to rescue us]?”
4 They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.
4 Their word is falsely given as they make their agreements; so judgment springs up like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.
4 They have spoken empty (disingenuous) words,Swearing falsely to make covenants [they intend to break];Therefore, judgment springs up like poisonous weeds in the furrows of the field.
5 The inhabitants of Samaria will fearFor the (g)(J)calf of (K)Beth-aven.Indeed, its people will mourn for it,And its (L)idolatrous priests (h)will cry out over it,Over its (M)glory, since it has departed from it.
5 The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof that rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
5 The residents of Samaria(J) will have anxietyover the calf(K) of Beth-aven.(L)Indeed, its idolatrous priests rejoiced over it;the people will mourn over it,over its glory.(M)It will certainly depart from them.
5 "The residents of Samaria will be terrified because of the cows of Beth-aven. Its people will mourn over Beth-aven, along with the priests who will mourn its glory, because that glory has departed.
6 It shall be also carried unto Assyria for a present to king Jareb: Ephraim shall receive shame, and Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.
6 Indeed, that glory will be carried to Assyria it will become a present for an avenging king. Ephraim will be disgraced, and Israel will become ashamed of its decision.
6 The golden calf itself will be carried to AssyriaAs tribute to King Jareb;Ephraim will be seized with shameAnd Israel will be ashamed of his own counsel [to worship the calf and separate Israel from Judah].
7 As for Samaria, her king is cut off as the foam upon the water.
7 Samaria's king will float away like driftwood on the surface of water.
7 As for Samaria, her king will be cut off and float awayLike a twig on the surface of the water.
8 Also the (S)high places of Aven, the (T)sin of Israel, will be destroyed;(U)Thorn and thistle will grow on their altars;Then they will (V)say to the mountains,“Cover us!” And to the hills, “Fall on us!”
8 The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on us.
8 The high places(S) of Aven, the sin of Israel,(T)will be destroyed;thorns and thistles will grow over their altars.(U)They will say to the mountains,(V) “Cover us!”and to the hills, “Fall on us!”(W)
8 Destroyed will be the high places of Aven, that are the sin of Israel. Both thorn and thistle will grow up over their altars. They will call out to the mountains, "Cover us!' and to the hills, "Fall on us!'
9 From the days of Gibeah you have sinned, O Israel;There they stand!Will not the battle against the sons of iniquity overtake them in Gibeah?
9 O Israel, thou hast sinned from the days of Gibeah: there they stood: the battle in Gibeah against the children of iniquity did not overtake them.
9 "From the time of Gibeah, you have sinned, Israel; There they took their stand; the battle at Gibeah could not subdue the lawless.
10 It is in my desire that I should chastise them; and the people shall be gathered against them, when they shall bind themselves in their two furrows.
10 When I'm ready, I will chasten them; and the people will gather against them, to imprison them for their two unrighteous acts."
11 And Ephraim is as an heifer that is taught, and loveth to tread out the corn; but I passed over upon her fair neck: I will make Ephraim to ride; Judah shall plow, and Jacob shall break his clods.
11 "Ephraim, the well-trained heifer, loves to thresh grain, so I will spare her neck. I will turn Ephraim into a pack animal. Judah will pull the plow, and Jacob will turn up the fallow ground.
11 Ephraim is a trained heifer that loves to tread out the grain,But I will come over her fair neck with a heavy yoke [for hard field work].I will harness Ephraim;Judah will plow and Jacob will harrow and rake for himself.
12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for it is time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.
12 Sow in righteousness in your own interest, reap in gracious love, break up your own unprepared ground; It is now time to inquire of the LORD, until he comes to pour out righteousness for you.
12 Sow with a view to righteousness [that righteousness, like seed, may germinate];Reap in accordance with mercy and lovingkindness.Break up your uncultivated ground,For it is time to seek and search diligently for the Lord [and to long for His blessing]Until He comes to rain righteousness and His gift of salvation on you.(D)
13 Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies: because thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.
13 You have plowed evil; you have reaped unrighteousness; you have eaten the fruit of hypocrisy; because you trusted in your own direction, and in the number of your mighty forces.
13 You have plowed and planted wickedness, you have reaped the [willful] injustice [of oppressors],You have eaten the fruit of lies.Because you have trusted in your own way and your chariots, and in your many warriors,
14 Therefore a tumult will arise among your people,And all your (AJ)fortresses will be destroyed,As Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel on the day of battle,When (AK)mothers were dashed in pieces with their children.
14 Therefore shall a tumult arise among thy people, and all thy fortresses shall be spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Betharbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces upon her children.
14 the roar of battle will rise against your people,and all your fortifications will be demolished(AM)in a day of war,like Shalman’s destruction of Beth-arbel.Mothers will be dashed to piecesalong with their children.(AN)
14 Therefore a disaster will come upon your people, and all of your fortresses will be ruined. As Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel in wartime, mothers were dashed to pieces along with their children.
15 Thus it will be done to you at Bethel because of your great wickedness.At dawn the king of Israel will be completely cut off.
15 So shall Bethel do unto you because of your great wickedness: in a morning shall the king of Israel utterly be cut off.
15 The same will happen to you, Bethel, because of your great evil early one morning the king of Israel will be totally silenced."
15 In this way it will be done to you at [idolatrous] Bethel because of your great wickedness;At daybreak the king of Israel will be completely cut off.
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