1 Who will give my head waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears? and I will weep day and night for the wounded of the daughter of my people.

1 (a)(A)Oh that my head were watersAnd my eyes a fountain of tears,That I might weep day and nightFor the slain of the (B)daughter of my people!

1 Oh that my head were waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people!

1 (a)If my head were a spring of water,my eyes a fountain of tears,I would weep day and night(A)over the slain of my dear(b) people.

1 "Oh, that my head were a spring of water, and my eyes a fountain of tears, for then I would cry day and night for those of my people who have been killed.

2 Who will give me in the desert a lodging-place of travelers? and I will leave my people and go from them, for they all commit adultery; an assembly of those acting faithlessly.

2 (b)(C)Oh that I had in the desertA wayfarers’ lodging place;That I might leave my peopleAnd go from them!For all of them are (D)adulterers,An assembly of (E)treacherous men.

2 Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they be all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men.

2 (c)If only I had a traveler’s lodging placein the wilderness,I would abandon my peopleand depart from them,for they are all adulterers,(B)a solemn assembly of treacherous people.(C)

2 Oh, that I had a lodging place for travelers in the desert, so that I could leave my people and go away from them. For all of them are adulterers, a band of traitors.

Judah's Failures

3 And they will bend their tongue, their bow, a lie: and they were not strong for faithfulness upon the land; for from evil to evil they went forth, and they knew me not, says Jehovah.

3 “They (F)bend their tongue like their bow;Lies and not truth prevail in the land;For they (G)proceed from evil to evil,And they (H)do not know Me,” declares the Lord.

3 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD.

3 They bent their tongues like their bows;lies and not faithfulness prevail in the land,for they proceed from one evil to another,and they do not take Me into account.(D)This is the Lord’s declaration.

3 They use their tongues like a bow. Lies rather than truth fly throughout the land. They progress from one evil to another, and they don't know me," declares the LORD.

A Nation Characterized By Deceit

4 Watch ye each from his neighbor, and to any brother ye shall not trust, for every brother deceiving, will deceive, and every neighbor will go tale-bearing.

4 “Let everyone (I)be on guard against his neighbor,And (J)do not trust any brother;Because every (K)brother deals (c)craftily,And every neighbor (L)goes about as a slanderer.

4 Take ye heed every one of his neighbour, and trust ye not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, and every neighbour will walk with slanders.

4 Everyone has to be on guard against his friend.Don’t trust any brother,for every brother will certainly deceive,and every friend spread slander.(E)

4 "Beware of your neighbors, and don't trust any of your relatives. For all of your relatives act deceitfully, and every friend goes around as a slanderer.

5 And they will mock, a man upon his neighbor, and they will not speak the truth: they taught their tongue to speak falsehood, they wearied themselves to sin.

5 “Everyone (M)deceives his neighborAnd does not speak the truth,They have taught their tongue to speak lies;They (N)weary themselves committing iniquity.

5 And they will deceive every one his neighbour, and will not speak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies, and weary themselves to commit iniquity.

5 Each one betrays his friend;no one tells the truth.They have taught their tongues to speak lies;they wear themselves out doing wrong.

5 People deceive their friends, and they don't tell the truth. They have taught their tongues to tell lies. They exhaust themselves practicing evil.

6 Thy dwelling is in the midst of deceit; by deceit they refused to know me, says Jehovah.

6 “Your (O)dwelling is in the midst of deceit;Through deceit they (P)refuse to know Me,” declares the Lord.

6 Thine habitation is in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, saith the LORD.

6 You live in a world of deception.(d)In their deception they refuse to know Me.(F)This is the Lord’s declaration.

6 You yourself live in the midst of deception, and because they are deceived they do not know me," declares the LORD.

7 For this, thus said Jehovah of armies, Behold me melting them, and I tried them; for how shall I do for the face of the daughter of my people?

7 Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts,“Behold, I will refine them and (Q)assay them;For (R)what else can I do, because of the daughter of My people?

7 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, I will melt them, and try them; for how shall I do for the daughter of my people?

7 Therefore, this is what the Lord of Hosts says:I am about to refine them and test them,(G)for what else can I dobecause of My dear(e) people?(f)

7 Therefore, this is what the LORD of the Heavenly Armies says: "Look, I'm about to refine and test them. Because they're my people, what else can I do?

8 Their tongue a deadly arrow, speaking deceit; in his mouth he will speak peace to his neighbor, and be will lay his wait in his midst

8 “Their (S)tongue is a deadly arrow;It speaks deceit;With his mouth one (T)speaks peace to his neighbor,But inwardly he (U)sets an ambush for him.

8 Their tongue is as an arrow shot out; it speaketh deceit: one speaketh peaceably to his neighbour with his mouth, but in heart he layeth his wait.

8 Their tongues are deadly arrows—they speak deception.(H)With his moutha man speaks peaceably with his friend,but inwardly he sets up an ambush.

8 Their tongue is a deadly arrow that speaks deceit. With his mouth a person says, "Peace,' to his friend, but inwardly he sets a trap for him.

9 For these things, shall I not review upon them? says Jehovah; or shall not my soul be avenged upon a nation such as this?

9 (V)Shall I not punish them for these things?” declares the Lord.“On a nation such as thisShall I not avenge Myself?

9 Shall I not visit them for these things? saith the LORD: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?

9 Should I not punish them for these things?This is the Lord’s declaration.Should I not avenge Myself(I)on such a nation as this?

9 Should I not punish them for these things?" asks the LORD, "and should I not avenge myself on a nation like this?"

10 For the mountains I will lift up weeping and lamentation, and for the seats of the desert, a song of mourning, for they were burnt, from not a man passing through; and they heard not the voice of cattle: from the bird of the heavens and even to the cattle, they fled away, they departed.

10 “For the (W)mountains I will take up a weeping and wailing,And for the pastures of the (X)wilderness a dirge,Because they are (Y)laid waste so that no one passes through,And the lowing of the cattle is not heard;Both the (Z)birds of the sky and the beasts have fled; they are gone.

10 For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation, because they are burned up, so that none can pass through them; neither can men hear the voice of the cattle; both the fowl of the heavens and the beast are fled; they are gone.

10 I will raise weeping and a lamentover the mountains,a dirge over the wilderness grazing land,for they have been so scorchedthat no one passes through.The sound of cattle is no longer heard.From the birds of the sky to the animals,(J)everything has fled—they have gone away.

10 I'll weep and mourn for the mountains, and lament for the desert pastures, because they are desolate and no one passes through them. They don't hear the lowing of the cattle. Both the birds of the sky and the animals have fled. They're gone!

11 And I gave Jerusalem for heaps and a dwelling of jackals; and the cities of Judah I will give a desolation from none inhabiting.

11 “I will make Jerusalem a (AA)heap of ruins,A haunt of (AB)jackals;And I will make the cities of Judah a (AC)desolation, without inhabitant.”

11 And I will make Jerusalem heaps, and a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.

11 I will make Jerusalem a heap of rubble,(K)a jackals’ den.(L)I will make the cities of Judah a desolation,an uninhabited place.

11 "I'll make Jerusalem a heap of ruins, a refuge for jackals. I'll make the towns of Judah desolate, without inhabitants."

12 Who the wise man and he will understand this? and which the mouth of Jehovah spake to him, and he will announce it, for what the land perished it was burnt as the desert, from not being passed through.

12 Who is the (AD)wise man that may understand this? And who is he to whom (AE)the mouth of the Lord has spoken, that he may declare it? (AF)Why is the land ruined, laid waste like a desert, so that no one passes through?

12 Who is the wise man, that may understand this? and who is he to whom the mouth of the LORD hath spoken, that he may declare it, for what the land perisheth and is burned up like a wilderness, that none passeth through?

12 Who is the man wise enough to understand this?(M) Who has the Lord spoken to, that he may explain it? Why is the land destroyed and scorched like a wilderness, so no one can pass through?

12 Who is the wise person who understands this, and to whom has the LORD spoken so that he may declare it? Why is the land destroyed, ruined like the desert, without anyone passing through it?

The Nation Is Judged By Yahweh

13 And Jehovah will say, For their forsaking my law which I gave before their face, and they heard not to my voice, and they went not in it.

13 The Lord said, “Because they have (AG)forsaken My law which I set before them, and have not obeyed My voice nor walked according to it,

13 And the LORD saith, Because they have forsaken my law which I set before them, and have not obeyed my voice, neither walked therein;

13 The Lord said, “It is because they abandoned My instruction(N) that I set in front of them and did not obey My voice or walk according to it.

13 The LORD said, "It is because they have forsaken my Law that I gave them. They didn't obey me and didn't live according to it.

14 And they went after the stubbornness of their heart, and after the Baalims which their fathers taught them.

14 but have (AH)walked after the stubbornness of their heart and after the (AI)Baals, as their (AJ)fathers taught them,”

14 But have walked after the imagination of their own heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught them:

14 Instead, they followed the stubbornness of their hearts(O) and followed after the Baals as their fathers taught them.”(P)

14 Instead, they followed their rebellious hearts and the Baals, as their ancestors taught them."

15 For this, thus said Jehovah of armies, God of Israel: Behold me causing this people to eat wormwood, and I gave them to drink water of poison.

15 therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, “behold, (AK)I will feed them, this people, with wormwood and give them (AL)poisoned water to drink.

15 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, even this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink.

15 Therefore, this is what the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: “I am about to feed this people wormwood(Q) and give them poisonous water to drink.(R)

15 Therefore, this is what the LORD of the Heavenly Armies, the God of Israel, says: "Look, I'll make these people eat wormwood and drink poisoned water.

16 And I scattered them in the nations which they knew not, they and their fathers: and I sent after them the sword till I consumed them.

16 I will (AM)scatter them among the nations, whom neither they nor their fathers have known; and I will send the (AN)sword after them until I have annihilated them.”

16 I will scatter them also among the heathen, whom neither they nor their fathers have known: and I will send a sword after them, till I have consumed them.

16 I will scatter them among the nations(S) that they and their fathers have not known. I will send a sword after them until I have finished them off.”

16 I'll scatter them among nations that neither they nor their ancestors have known, and I'll pursue them with the sword until I've finished them off."

Mourning Over Judah

17 Thus said Jehovah of armies, Give heed, and call ye for the wailing women, and they shall come forth; and send ye to the wise women, and they shall come forth.

17 Thus says the Lord of hosts,“Consider and call for the (AO)mourning women, that they may come;And send for the (d)(AP)wailing women, that they may come!

17 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Consider ye, and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for cunning women, that they may come:

17 This is what the Lord of Hosts says:Consider, and summon the women who mourn;(T)send for the skillful women.

17 This is what the LORD of the Heavenly Armies says: "Think about what I'm saying! Indeed, call out the professional mourners! Send for the best of them to come.

18 And they shall hasten and lift up a lamentation for us, and our eyes shall go down with tears, and our eyelashes shall shake out waters.

18 “Let them make haste and take up a wailing for us,That our (AQ)eyes may shed tearsAnd our eyelids flow with water.

18 And let them make haste, and take up a wailing for us, that our eyes may run down with tears, and our eyelids gush out with waters.

18 Let them come quickly to raise a lament over usso that our eyes may overflow with tears,our eyelids soaked with weeping.

18 Let them hurry and lament for us. Let tears run down from our eyes, and let our eyelids flow with water.

19 For a voice of lamentation was heard from Zion: How were we laid waste! we were greatly ashamed, for we forsook the land, and cast away our dwellings

19 “For a voice of (AR)wailing is heard from Zion,(AS)How are we ruined!We are put to great shame,For we have (AT)left the land,Because they have cast down our dwellings.’”

19 For a voice of wailing is heard out of Zion, How are we spoiled! we are greatly confounded, because we have forsaken the land, because our dwellings have cast us out.

19 For a sound of lamentation is heard from Zion:How devastated we are.We are greatly ashamed,(U)for we have abandoned the land;our dwellings have been torn down.

19 For a sound of mourning is heard from Zion: "How we're ruined! Our shame is very great, because we have left the land, because our houses are torn down.'"

20 For hear, ye women, the word of Jehovah, and your ear shall receive the word of his mouth, and teach ye your daughters lamentation, and a woman her neighbor, the song of mourning.

20 Now hear the word of the Lord, O you (AU)women,And let your ear receive the word of His mouth;Teach your daughters wailing,And everyone her neighbor a dirge.

20 Yet hear the word of the LORD, O ye women, and let your ear receive the word of his mouth, and teach your daughters wailing, and every one her neighbour lamentation.

20 Now hear the word of the Lord, you women.Pay attention to(g) the word of His mouth.Teach your daughters a lamentand one another a dirge,

20 "Now, you women, hear the message from the LORD; listen to what he has to say! Teach your daughters how to mourn, let every woman teach her friend how to lament.

21 For death came up into our windows, it came into our palaces to cut off the child from without, the young men from the streets.

21 For (AV)death has come up through our windows;It has entered our palacesTo cut off the (AW)children from the streets,The young men from the town squares.

21 For death is come up into our windows, and is entered into our palaces, to cut off the children from without, and the young men from the streets.

21 for Death(V) has climbed through our windows;it has entered our fortresses,cutting off children from the streets,young men from the squares.

21 For death comes up through our windows; it has come into our palaces to eliminate children from the streets and young men from the town squares.

22 Speak: Thus says Jehovah, The carcasses of men fell as dung upon the face of the field, as the handful after the reaper, and none gathering.

22 Speak, “Thus says the Lord,‘The corpses of men will fall (AX)like dung on the open field,And like the sheaf after the reaper,But no one will gather them.’”

22 Speak, Thus saith the LORD, Even the carcases of men shall fall as dung upon the open field, and as the handful after the harvestman, and none shall gather them.

22 Speak as follows:This is what the Lord says:Human corpses will falllike manure on the surface of the field,like newly cut grain(W) after the reaperwith no one to gather it.

22 Speak! "This is what the LORD says: "The corpses of people will fall like dung on the surface of the field, and like a row of cut grain behind the harvester when there is no one to gather it."'"

The Things In Which Yahweh Delights

23 Thus said Jehovah, The wise shall not boast in his wisdom, and the strong shall not boast in his strength; the rich shall not boast in his riches:

23 Thus says the Lord, “(AY)Let not a wise man boast of his wisdom, and let not the (AZ)mighty man boast of his might, let not a (BA)rich man boast of his riches;

23 Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let not the rich man glory in his riches:

23 This is what the Lord says:The wise man must not boast in his wisdom;the strong man must not boast in his strength;the wealthy man must not boast in his wealth.

23 This is what the LORD says: "The wise man is not to boast in his wisdom; the strong man is not to boast in his strength; and the rich man is not to boast in his riches.

24 But he boasting shall boast in this, to understand and know me, that I am Jehovah, doing mercy, judgment and justice in the earth: for in these I delighted, says Jehovah.

24 but let him who boasts (BB)boast of this, that he understands and knows Me, that I am the Lord who (BC)exercises lovingkindness, justice and righteousness on earth; for I (BD)delight in these things,” declares the Lord.

24 But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.

24 But the one who boasts should boast in this,that he understands and knows Me(X)that I am Yahweh, showing faithful love,justice, and righteousness on the earth,for I delight in these things.This is the Lord’s declaration.

24 Rather, let the one who boasts, boast in this: that he understands and knows me, for I am the LORD who acts with gracious love, justice, and righteousness in the land. I delight in these things," declares the LORD.

The Way Of The Nations

25 Behold, the days coming, says Jehovah, and I reviewed over all the circumcised with the uncircumcised;

25 “Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord, “that I will punish all who are circumcised and yet (BE)uncircumcised—

25 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will punish all them which are circumcised with the uncircumcised;

25 “The days are coming”—the Lord’s declaration—“when I will punish all the circumcised yet uncircumcised:(Y)

25 "Look, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I'll punish all who are circumcised only in the flesh:

26 Over Egypt and over Judah and over Edom, and over the sons of Ammon, and over Moab, and over all cut off of the extremity dwelling in the desert: for all the nations being uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel uncircumcised of heart

26 Egypt and Judah, and Edom and the sons of Ammon, and Moab and (BF)all those inhabiting the desert who clip the hair on their temples; for all the nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are (BG)uncircumcised of heart.”

26 Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the utmost corners, that dwell in the wilderness: for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart.

26 Egypt, Judah, Edom, the Ammonites, Moab, and all the inhabitants of the desert who clip the hair on their temples.(h) All these nations are uncircumcised, and the whole house of Israel is uncircumcised in heart.”(Z)

26 Egypt, Judah, Edom, the people of Ammon, Moab, all those who live in the desert and shave the corners of their beard; indeed all the other nations that are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel that is uncircumcised of heart."

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