We read that Abraham sent the sons of Keturah and of his concubines "eastward, to the east country." Ge 25:6. There were also the descendants of Ishmael and those of Esau. Many of these became 'princes,' and there can be no doubt that their descendants still hold the land. There are some who call themselves Ishmaelite Arabs, and in the south there are still Joktanite Arabs. We read of Solomon receiving gifts or tribute from the kings of Arabia. 1Ki 10:15. So did Jehoshaphat, 2Ch 17:11 ; but in the days of Jehoram they attacked him, plundered his house, and carried away his wives and some of his sons, 2Ch 21:17; 22:1. They were defeated by Uzziah. 2Ch 26:7.
During the captivity some Arabians became settlers in Palestine and were enemies to Nehemiah. Cf. Ne 2:19; 4:7; 6:1. Among the nations that had relations with Israel, and against whom judgement is pronounced are the Arabians. Isa 21:13-17; Jer 25:24. And doubtless they will be included in the confederacies that will be raised against God's ancient people when Israel is again restored to their land. Cf. Ps. 83.
In the N.T. 'Arabians' were present on the day of Pentecost, but whether they were Jews or proselytes is not stated. Ac 2:11.
the nomadic tribes inhabiting the country to the east and south of Palestine, who in the early times of Hebrew history were known as Ishmaelites and descendants of Keturah.