3 occurrences in 3 dictionaries

Reference: Cupbearer


Ge 40:1-21. A high officer in eastern courts, e.g. Solomon's (1Ki 10:5). Pharaoh's was the instrument of Joseph's elevation (Ge 41:9). Rabshakek was "chief cupbearer" in Sennacherib's court (Isa 36:2), as his name implies. Nehemiah was cupbearer to Artaxerxes Longimanus, king of Persia (Ne 1:11; 2:1).

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An officer of considerable importance at Oriental courts, whose duty it was to serve the wine at the table of the king. The first mention of this officer is in the story of Joseph (Ge 40:1-15), where the term rendered butler in English Version is the Heb. word which is rendered in other passages 'cupbearer.' The holder of this office was brought into confidential relations with the king, and must have been thoroughly trustworthy, as part of his duty was to guard against poison in the king's cup. In some cases he was required to taste the wine before presenting it. The position of Nehemiah as cupbearer to Artaxerxes Longimanus was evidently high. Herodotus (iii. 34) speaks of the office at the court of Cambyses, king of Persia, as 'an honour of no small account,' and the narrative of Nehemiah shows the high esteem of the king, who is so solicitous for his welfare that he asks the cause of his sadness (Ne 2:2). The cupbearers among the officers of king Solomon's household (1Ki 10:5) impressed the queen of Sheba, and they are mentioned among other indications of the grandeur of his court, which was modelled upon courts of other Oriental kings.

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an officer of high rank with Egyptian, Persian and Assyrian as well as Jewish monarchs.

1Ki 10:5

It was his duty to fill the king's cup and present it to him personally.

Ne 1:11

The chief cupbearer, or butler, to the king of Egypt was the means of raising Joseph to his high position.

Ge 40:1,21; 41:9

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