1. A measure of capacity used among the Hebrews, containing three pecks and three pints. The Ephah was a dry measure, as of barley, Ru 2:17; and meal, Nu 5:15; Jg 6:19; and was of the same capacity with the bath in liquids. See BATH.
gloom. (1.) One of the five sons of Midian, and grandson of Abraham (Ge 25:4). The city of Ephah, to which he gave his name, is mentioned Isa 60:6-7. This city, with its surrounding territory, formed part of Midian, on the east shore of the Dead Sea. It abounded in dromedaries and camels (Jg 6:5).
(2.) 1Ch 2:46, a concubine of Caleb.
(3.) 1Ch 2:47, a descendant of Judah.
Ephah, a word of Egyptian origin, meaning measure; a grain measure containing "three seahs or ten omers," and equivalent to the bath for liquids (Ex 16:36; 1Sa 17:17; Zec 5:6). The double ephah in Pr 20:10 (marg., "an ephah and an ephah"), DE 25:14, means two ephahs, the one false and the other just.
(See WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.)
1. The first of Midian's sons, grandson of Abraham (Ge 25:4; 1Ch 1:33; Isa 60:6), "the dromedaries of Ephah" E. of the Dead Sea. Midian abounded in camels to carry their merchandise (Jg 6:5); the camel is the ship of the desert.
2. A concubine of Caleb of Judah (1Ch 2:46).
3. Son of Jahdai (1Ch 2:47) of Judah.
1. A son of Midian, descended from Abraham and Keturah (Ge 25:4 = 1Ch 1:33), the eponymous ancestor of an Arabian tribe whose identity is uncertain. This tribe appears in Isa 60:6 as engaged in the transport of gold and frankincense from Sheba. 2. A concubine of Caleb (1Ch 2:46). 3. A Judahite (1Ch 2:47).
See WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
1. Concubine of Caleb, in the line of Judah.
2. Son of Jahdai; also in the line of Judah.
EPHAH, the eldest son of Midian, who gave his name to a city and small extent of land in the country of Midian, situated on the eastern shore of the Dead Sea, Ge 25:4. This country abounded with camels and dromedaries, Isa 60:6, &c.
2. EPHAH, a measure both for things dry and liquid, in use among the Hebrews. The ephah for the former contained three pecks and three pints. In liquid measure it was of the same capacity as the bath.