Reference: Holy Spirit Or Holy Ghost
The third person in the blessed Trinity. He is said to proceed from the Father, and to be sent by the Father and the Son upon disciples, Joh 14:26; 15:26; to be the Spirit of the Father, Mt 10:20; 1Co 2:11; and the Spirit of Christ, Ga 4:6; Php 1:19.
That he is a real PERSON, and not merely an attribute or emanation of God, is clear from the numerous passages in the Bible which describes him as exercising the acts, thoughts, emotions, and volition of a distinct intelligent person. None other could be pleased, vexed, and grieved, could speak, console, and intercede, or divide his gifts severally to every one, as he will. So also, in Greek as in English, the personal masculine pronouns would be necessary.
That he is a DIVINE PERSON, equally with the Father, and the Son, is proved from his association with tem in a great variety of acts purely divine; as in the work of creation, Ge 1:2; Ps 33:6; 104:30. He is honored as they are in the baptismal formula, Mt 28:19, and in the apostolic benediction, 2Co 13:14. He receives the name, 2Co 3:17, and exercises the attributes of God, Ro 8:14; 1Co 2:10; 6:19; Heb 9:14. He is prayed to as God, Re 1:4-5; sin against him is sin against God,
The WORK of the Holy Spirit is divine. Of old, he inspired the sacred writers and teachers, and imparted miraculous gifts. Under the Christian dispensation, he applies the salvation of Christ to men's hearts, convincing them of sin, Joh 16:8-9; showing them "the things of Christ," illuminating and regenerating them, Joh 3:5; Eph 2:1. He is the Comforter of the church, aids believers in prayer, witnesses with and intercedes for them, directs them in duty, and sanctifies them for heaven.
The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
By the word of the LORD the heavens were made, And by the breath of His mouth all their host.
You send forth Your Spirit, they are created; And You renew the face of the ground.
"For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.
"Therefore I say to you, any sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven people, but blasphemy against the Spirit shall not be forgiven.
"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,
Jesus answered, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
"But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.
"When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me,
"And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me;
But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back some of the price of the land? "While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not under your control? Why is it that you have conceived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God."
For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all.
Because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!"
And you were dead in your trespasses and sins,
Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
for I know that this will turn out for my deliverance through your prayers and the provision of the Spirit of Jesus Christ,
and in Him you have been made complete, and He is the head over all rule and authority; and in Him you were also circumcised with a circumcision made without hands, in the removal of the body of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ;
how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne, and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood--