a nut-bearing tree, the almond. (1.) The ancient name of a royal Canaanitish city near the site of Bethel (Ge 28:19; 35:6), on the border of Benjamin (Jos 18:13). Here Jacob halted, and had a prophetic vision. (See Bethel.)
(2.) A place in the land of the Hittites, founded (Jg 1:26) by "a man who came forth out of the city of Luz." It is identified with Luweiziyeh, 4 miles north-west of Banias.
(See BETHEL.) Luz was originally the city, Bethel the pillar and altar of Jacob; in Ge 12:8 it is called Bethel by anticipation (Ge 28:19), after Ephraim's conquest the town Bethel arose. The nearness of the two accounts for their being identified in all eases where there was no special reason for distinguishing them. After one of the townsmen of ancient Luz had betrayed it to Israel he went into "the land of the Hittites," and built a city of the same name (Jg 1:23-26). Answering to Khirbet Lozeh, close to Beitin.
1. Ge 28:19; 35:6; 48:3; Jos 16:2; 18:13; Jg 1:23-26. The exact locality is uncertain, and a comparison of the above passages will show that it is also uncertain whether Luz and Bethel were one or two sites. In Ge 28:19 it is stated that Jacob changed the name of the place of his vision from Luz to Bethel (cf. also Ge 35:6; Jg 1:23). The two passages in Joshua, however, seem to contradict this; both of them speak of Luz and Bethel as two distinct places. A possible solution is that Luz was the name of the old Canaanite city, and Bethel the pillar and altar of Jacob outside the city. 2. Luz is also the name of a city built on Hittite territory after the destruction of the original Canaanite city (Jg 1:26).
T. A. Moxon.
1. City of the Canaanites, afterwards called BETHEL, q.v.
2. City in the land of the Hittites, built by the man who had betrayed the city in Canaan, and who called it after the same name. Jg 1:26. Identified by some with ruins at el Luweiziyeh, 33 16' N, 35 36' E.
(almond tree). It seems impossible to discover with precision whether Luz and Bethel represent one and the same town--the former the Canannite, the latter the Hebrew, name--or whether they were distinct places, though in close proximity. The most probable conclusion is that the two places were, during the times preceding the conquest, distinct, Luz being the city and Bethel the pillar and altar of Jacob that after the destruction of Luz by the tribe of Ephraim the town of Bethel arose. When the original Luz was destroyed, through the treachery of one of its inhabitants, the man who had introduced the Israelites into the town went into the "land of the Hittites" and built a city which he named after the former one.
Its situation, as well as that of the land of the Hittites," has never been discovered, and is one of the favorable puzzles of Scripture geographers.