An Amoritish king of Bashan east of the Jordan, defeated and slain by the Israelites under Moses. He was a giant in stature, on e of the last of the Rephaim who had possessed that region; and his iron bedstead, fourteen feet long, was preserved after his death as a relic. Ashtaroth-carnaim and Edrei were his chief cities; but there were many other walled towns, and the land was rich in flocks and herds. It was assigned by Moses to the half-tribe of Manasseh, Nu 21:33; 32:33; De 1:4; 3:1-13; 4:47; 31:4; Jos 2:10; 12:4; 13:30.
gigantic, the king of Bashan, who was defeated by Moses in a pitched battle at Edrei, and was slain along with his sons (De 1:4), and whose kingdom was given to the tribes of Reuben and Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh (Nu 21:32-35; De 3:1-13). His bedstead (or rather sarcophagus) was of iron (or ironstone), 9 cubits in length and 4 cubits in breadth. His overthrow was afterwards celebrated in song (Ps 135:11; 136:20). (See Sihon.)
An Amorite king of Bashan, ruling 60 cities, including Ashteroth Karnaim and Edrei (Jos 13:12; 12:4; Ge 14:5). After conquering Sihon's land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, Israel marched by way of Bashan which is N. of the Jabbok. (See BASHAN; ARGOB.) Og met them and perished with all his people at Edrei, and Israel took his land (Nu 21:33-35). Og was of a different race, namely, "of the remnant of the giants," the Rephaim before the Amorites came (De 3:13). The Amorites by intermarriage with the Rephaim were in "height like that of the cedars and strong as the oaks" (Am 2:9). Og's bedstead was in Rabbath of Ammon when Moses wrote De 3:1-11.
Either the Ammonites, like the Bedouin, followed in the wake of Israel's armies as pillagers, and so got possession of it; or Israel sent it to Ammon as a pledge of their having no hostile intentions, the Lord having forbidden them to disturb Ammon, and as a visible token of Israel's power in having overcome such mighty kings as Sihon and Og. It was nine cubits long and four broad. "Of iron," perhaps the black basalt of the country, which is called by the Arabs "iron," having 20 percent of that metal. His body was of course shorter. Knobel thinks Og's "bier" is meant, a sarcophagus of black basalt. His corpse may have been carried, in this view, to the territory of the friendly Ammonites. So Dr. Geddes conjectures Og, after his defeat, fled to Rabbath where he died and was buried in this coffin.
After traversing the smooth pasture land, Israel suddenly came on the marvelous rock barrier of Argob, an oval basalt island, 60 miles by 20 miles, "all the girdle (Hebrew) of Argob" ("the stony country"), rising abruptly 30 ft. from the surrounding Bashan plains. The rocky fastnesses, on which Og's 60 cities were, almost impregnable, compensated by security for their inconveniences. Had Og remained in them, Israel could not have dislodged him. God therefore saw it needful to encourage Israel in facing such a foe, "fear him not"; and God sent hornets which, as well as infatuation, drove Og into the open field where he was overthrown (Jos 24:12). God's special interposition for Israel against Og is the theme of praise (Ps 135:11; 136:20).
The king of Bashan, who, with his children and people, was defeated and destroyed by the Israelites at Edrei, directly after the defeat of Sihon. His rule extended over sixty cities, of which the two chief were Ashtaroth and Edrei (Jos 12:4). The whole of his kingdom was assigned to the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half-Manasseh (De 3:1-13; Nu 32:33; see also De 1:4; 4:47; 31:4; Jos 2:10; 9:10; 13:12,30). The conquest of this powerful giant king lingered long in the imagination of the Israelites as one of the chief exploits of the conquest (Ps 135:11; 136:20). The impression of the gigantic stature of Og is corroborated by the writer of De 3:11, who speaks of the huge 'iron bedstead' (or sarcophagus) belonging to him. According to the measurements there given, this sarcophagus was nine cubits long and four cubits broad. It is, however, impossible to estimate his stature from these dimensions, owing to the tendency to build tombs unnecessarily large in order to leave an impression of superhuman stature. The 'iron' of which the sarcophagus was made, probably means black basalt. Many basaltic sarcophagi have been found on the east of the Jordan.
T. A. Moxon.
The Amorite king of Bashan, one of the giant warriors who ruled over sixty cities, inhabited by a hardy and warlike race. He came against Israel, but was smitten by Moses, and his land was possessed by the half-tribe of Manasseh. His bedstead is spoken of as measuring 9 cubits by 4 cubits, about 13 feet 6 inches in length by 6 feet wide. Nu 21:33; De 3:1-13; Ne 9:22; Ps 135:11; 136:20. See BASHAN.
(giant, literally long-necked), an Amoritish king of Bashan, whose rule extended over sixty cities.
He was one of the last representatives of the giant race of Rephaim, and was, with his children and his people, defeated and exterminated by the Israelites at Edrei immediately after the conquest of Sihon.
Nu 32:33; De 3:1-13
The belief in Og's enormous stature is corroborated by an allusion to his iron bedstead preserved in "Rabbath of the children of Ammon."