Wife of Zebedee, mother of James the elder and John the evangelist, one of those holy women of Galilee who attended our Savior in his journeys and ministered to him, Mt 20.20-23. Her conception as to the true nature of Christ's kingdom were no doubt changed by his crucifixion, which she witnessed "afar off," and by his resurrection, of which she was early apprized by the angels at the tomb, Mr 15:40; 16:1. Some infer, from comparing Mt 27:56 and Joh 19:25, that she was a sister of Mary the mother of Jesus.
Salome was also the name of the daughter of Herodias.
perfect. (1.) The wife of Zebedee and mother of James and John (Mt 27:56), and probably the sister of Mary, the mother of our Lord (Joh 19:25). She sought for her sons places of honour in Christ's kingdom (Mt 20:20-21; comp. Mt 19:28). She witnessed the crucifixion (Mr 15:40), and was present with the other women at the sepulchre (Mt 27:56).
(2.) "The daughter of Herodias," not named in the New Testament. On the occasion of the birthday festival held by Herod Antipas, who had married her mother Herodias, in the fortress of Machaerus, she "came in and danced, and pleased Herod" (Mr 6:14-29). John the Baptist, at that time a prisoner in the dungeons underneath the castle, was at her request beheaded by order of Herod, and his head given to the damsel in a charger, "and the damsel gave it to her mother," whose revengeful spirit was thus gratified. "A luxurious feast of the period" (says Farrar, Life of Christ) "was not regarded as complete unless it closed with some gross pantomimic representation; and doubtless Herod had adopted the evil fashion of his day. But he had not anticipated for his guests the rare luxury of seeing a princess, his own niece, a grand-daughter of Herod the Great and of Mariamne, a descendant, therefore, of Simon the high priest and the great line of Maccabean princes, a princess who afterwards became the wife of a tetrarch [Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis] and the mother of a king, honouring them by degrading herself into a scenic dancer."
1. Wife of Zebedee; among the "women who followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto Him" (Mt 27:55-56; compare Mr 15:40). Supposed to be the Virgin Mary's sister. (But see on Joh 19:25 (See MARY OF CLEOPHAS.) Salome requested for her two rams seats of honour on Christ's right hand and left in His kingdom (Mt 20:20), and shared with her sons in His rebuke, but was not the less zealous in her attachment to Him. Size was at His crucifixion, "beholding afar off," when even her sons had withdrawn; and at His sepulchre by early dawn (Mr 16:1).
2. Herodias' daughter by her former husband Herod Philip (Josephus Ant. 18:5, section 4; Mt 14:6; Mr 6:22). She danced before Herod Antipas, and at her mother's instigation asked for John the Baptist's head. (See HEROD ANTIPAS; JOHN THE BAPTIST Salome married first Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis, her paternal uncle; then Aristobulus, king of Chalcis.
1. The daughter (unnamed in NT) of Herodias. who danced before Herod and received as a reward the head of John the Baptist (Mt 14:3-11; Mr 6:17-20). 2. One of the women who were present at the crucifixion (Mr 15:40) and who afterwards visited the sepulchre (Mr 16:1). By comparing Mr 15:40 and Mt 27:66 it has been almost certainly concluded that Salome was the wife of Zebedee, who also figures in the Incident Mt 20:20-23. The conjecture that Salome was the sister of Mary the mother of Jesus has no adequate support.
W. F. Boyd.
1. One of the women who witnessed the crucifixion of the Lord, and brought spices to anoint His body. Mr 15:40; 16:1. By comparing Mt 27:56 with Mr 15:40, it appears that Salome was the wife of Zebedee; and if so, she came with her two sons, James and John, when they asked that they might sit on the right hand and on the left of the Lord in His kingdom. Mt 20:20; Mr 10:35.
2. Though not mentioned by name in scripture, this Salome is therein spoken of as the daughter of Herodias (by her first husband, Herod Philip). She danced before Herod Antipas, and, by the request of her guilty mother, asked the head of John the Baptist. She became wife of her uncle Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis, and afterwards of Aristobulus the king of Chalcis, Mr 6:22-28, etc.
1. The wife of Zebedee,
and probably sister of Mary the mother of Jesus, to whom reference is made in
The only events recorded of Salome are that she preferred a request on behalf of her two sons for seats of honor in the kingdom of heaven,
that she attended at the crucifixion of Jesus,
and that she visited his sepulchre.
She is mentioned by name on only the two latter occasions.
2. The daughter of Herodias by her first husband, Herod Philip.
She married in the first the tetrarch of Trachonitis her paternal uncle, sad secondly Aristobulus, the king of Chalcis.
SALOME, the wife of Zebedee, and mother of St. James the greater, and St. John the evangelist, Mt 27:56; and one of those holy women who used to attend upon our Saviour in his journeyings, and to minister to him. She was the person who requested of Jesus Christ, that her two sons, James and John, might sit on his right and left hand when he should enter upon his kingdom, having then but the same obscure views as the rest of the disciples; but she gave proof of her faith when she followed Christ to Calvary, and did not forsake him even at the cross, Mr 15:40; Mt 27:55-56. She was also one of the women that brought perfumes to embalm him, and who came, for this purpose, to the sepulchre "early in the morning," Mr 16:1-2. At the tomb they saw two angels, who informed them that Jesus was risen. Returning to Jerusalem, Jesus appeared to them on the way, and said to them, "Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me."