1. 'Sarai' is the form used previous to Ge 17:15, and 'Sarah' afterwards, in harmony with the change of name there narrated (by Priestly Narrative). It is probable that there is no real significance in the change, -ai being an old feminine ending found in Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic, while -ah is the common feminine ending. Sarah means 'princess.' The occurrence of the name Sa-ra-a-a in an Assyrian letter (K 1274) adds no definite information. Sarah was the wife of Abraham, and also his half-sister (Ge 12:13; 20:12); her parentage is not given further. She was taken as wife by the king of Egypt and also by Abimelech king of Gerar, and afterwards restored to Abraham (Ge 12:10-20,20). The former incident is in Jahwist, the latter in E; they may be different versions of the same story. The statement that she was at least 65 years old at this time (Ge 12:4; cf. Ge 17:17) seems inconsistent with these incidents, and especially with the statement concerning her beauty (Ge 12:11). It is to be remembered, however, that the dates belong to P. Sarah was long barren, but finally Isaac was born after supernatural intervention, when she was 90 years old (Ge 21:1-7 Priestly Narrative). Through jealousy Sarah illtreated Hagar, her handmaid, the concubine of Abraham, and finally drove her away with her son Ishmael (Ge 16; 21:8-21). The incident is in harmony with the regulations of the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi (
And Abram came on his way, according to that which Yahweh had spoken unto him, and Lot came with him, - now, Abram, was seventy-five years old, when he came forth out of Haran.
And it came to pass that there was a famine, in the land, - so Abram went down towards Egypt, to sojourn there, because grievous, was the famine in the land. And it came to pass when he had come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife: Behold! I beseech thee I know that a woman fair to look on, thou art:
And it came to pass when he had come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife: Behold! I beseech thee I know that a woman fair to look on, thou art: so will it come to pass when the Egyptians behold thee, that they will say, His wife, this! and will slay me while thee, they preserve alive. read more. Say, I beseech thee that my sister, art thou, - to the end it may be well with me for thy sake, so shall my soul be preserved alive because of thee.
Say, I beseech thee that my sister, art thou, - to the end it may be well with me for thy sake, so shall my soul be preserved alive because of thee. And so it was when Abram entered into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman, that fair, was she exceedingly. read more. And the princes of Pharaoh beheld her, and praised her unto Pharaoh, - so the woman was taken to the house of Pharaoh; and with Abram, dealt he well for her sake, - so that he came to have flocks and herds and he-asses, and men-servants, and maid-servants, and she-asses and camels. And Yahweh plagued Pharaoh with great plagues, also his house, - for the matter of Sarai, wife of Abram. And Pharaoh called out to Abram, and said, What is this thou hast done to me? Wherefore didst thou not tell me, that she was, thy wife? Wherefore saidst thou My sister, she; and so I was about to take her to me, to wife? But now, lo! thy wife take her and go thy way. And Pharaoh gave command concerning him unto certain men, - and sent him away, with his wife and all that he had.
And Pharaoh gave command concerning him unto certain men, - and sent him away, with his wife and all that he had.
And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, - but, Sarah, is her name;
And Abraham fell on his face and laughed, - and said in his heart To one a hundred years old, shall a child be born? And shall even Sarah, who is ninety years old, give birth?
Moreover also, in truth, my sister daughter of my father, she is, only not daughter of my mother, - so she became my wife.
Now, Yahweh, visited Sarah, as he had said, - And Yahweh did for Sarah as he had spoken. So, Sarah, conceived and bare, to Abraham, a son, for his old age, at the set time, of which God had spoken with him. read more. And Abraham called the name of his son that was born to him, whom, Sarah, bare to him, Isaac. And Abraham circumcised Isaac his son, when eight days old, - as God commanded him. Now Abraham was a hundred years old, - when Isaac his son was born to him. And Sarah said, A laughing, hath God made for me, - Everyone that heareth will laugh with me. And she said - Who would have announced to Abraham, Sarah hath suckled children? yet have I borne a son, for his old age!
And, without becoming weak in his faith, he attentively considered his own body, already deadened - he being a hundred years old, the deadening also of Sarah's womb;
For, of promise, is this word - According to this season, will I come, and Sarah shall have a son.
Tell me! ye who, under law, are wishing to be: The law, do ye not hear?
With her freedom, Christ hath made you, free. Stand fast, therefore, and do not, again, with a yoke of servitude, be held fast!
By faith, even Sarah herself, received power for founding a seed, even beyond the season of life's prime, - seeing that, faithful, she reckoned, him that had promised;