6 occurrences in 6 dictionaries

Reference: Shallum


1. Son of Jabesh, or a native of Jebesh, who treacherously killed Zechariah King of Israel and usurped his kingdom, B. C. 772. He held it only one month, when Menahem son of Gadi killed him in Samaria. Scripture says that Shallun was the executioner of the threatenings of the Lord against the house of Jehu, 2Ki 15:10-15.

2. See JEHOAHAZ 2.

3. The husband of Huldah the prophetess in the time of Josiah, 2Ki 22:14.

Others of the time are alluded to in Nu 26:49; 1Ch 2:40; 9:17,19,31; 42/type/web'>Ezr 2:42; 7:2; 10:24,42; Ne 3:12; 7:45.

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retribution. (1.) The son of Jabesh, otherwise unknown. He "conspired against Zachariah, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead" (2Ki 15:10). He reigned only "a month of days in Samaria" (2Ki 15:13, marg.). Menahem rose up against Shallum and put him to death (2Ki 15:14-15,17), and became king in his stead.

(2.) Keeper of the temple vestments in the reign of Josiah (2Ki 22:14).

(3.) One of the posterity of Judah (1Ch 2:40-41).

(4.) A descendant of Simeon (1Ch 4:25).

(5.) One of the line of the high priests (1Ch 6:13).

(6.) 1Ch 7:13.

(7.) A keeper of the gate in the reign of David (1Ch 9:17).

(8.) A Levite porter (1Ch 9:19,31; Jer 35:4).

(9.) An Ephraimite chief (2Ch 28:12).

(10.) The uncle of the prophet Jeremiah (Jer 32:7).

(11.) A son of king Josiah (1Ch 3:15; Jer 22:11), who was elected to succeed his father on the throne, although he was two years younger than his brother Eliakim. He assumed the crown under the name of Jehoahaz (q.v.). He did not imitate the example of his father (2Ki 23:32), but was "a young lion, and it learned to catch the prey; it devoured men" (Eze 19:3). His policy was anti-Egyptian therefore. Necho, at that time at Riblah, sent an army against Jerusalem, which at once yielded, and Jehoahaz was carried captive to the Egyptian camp, Eliakim being appointed king in his stead. He remained a captive in Egypt till his death, and was the first king of Judah that died in exile.

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1. Son of Jabesh; 15th king of Israel. Smote Zachariah, son of Jeroboam II, openly before the people (showing that their sympathies were with him), and seized the kingdom (2Ki 15:9-10), thereby fulfilling the prophecy that Jehu's dynasty should last only to the fourth generation (2Ki 10:30). Slain after a month's reign by Menahem, illustrating the retributive law (Mt 26:52; Re 13:10).

2. The prophetess Huldah's husband (2Ki 22:14); keeper of the priestly vestments (2Ch 34:22).

3. 1Ch 2:40-41

4. King Josiah's fourth son in order, according to 1Ch 3:15; Jer 22:11; by birth third son (See JEHOAHAZ.)

5. 1Ch 4:25.

6. Ezr 7:2; 1Ch 6:12-13.

7. 1Ch 7:13; SHILLEM in Ge 46:24; Nu 25:18.

8. 1Ch 9:17; Ezr 2:42.

9. Son of Kore (1Ch 9:19,31). From 1Ch 9:18 it seems Shallum, etc., were of higher rank than Shallum, Akkub, etc., who were "for the companies of the sons of Levi."

10. 2Ch 28:12.

11. Ezr 10:24.

12. Ezr 10:42.

13. Rebuilt the wall with his daughters (Ne 3:12).

14. Jeremiah's uncle (Jer 32:7); perhaps the same as Shallum, Huldah's husband.

15. Jer 35:4.

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SHALLUM, an inhabitant of Jabesh, was nominally king of Israel for one month in the period of anarchy which preceded the extinction of the nation. As he assassinated his predecessor Zechariah, so in turn he was 'removed' by his successor Menahem (2Ki 15:10 ff.).

H. P. Smith.


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1. Son of Jabesh: he slew Zachariah king of Israel, and reigned in his stead; but after one month he was killed by Menahem, who succeeded him on the throne. 2Ki 15:10-15.

2. Husband of Huldah the prophetess. 2Ki 22:14; 2Ch 34:22.

3. Son of Sisamai, a descendant of Judah. 1Ch 2:40-41.

4. Son of Josiah king of Judah: he succeeded his father, but after a reign of three months he was deposed by Pharaoh-necho, and taken to Egypt, where he died. 1Ch 3:15; Jer 22:11-12. He is called JEHOAHAZ in 2Ki 23:30-34; 2Ch 36:1-4. The margin of 1Ch 3:15 identifies Johanan with Jehoahaz, but Jer 22:11-12 shows it was Shallum who reigned under the name of Jehoahaz. He was evidently not the youngest son, though last on the list.

5. Son of Shaul, a son of Simeon. 1Ch 4:25.

6. Son of Zadok the priest. 1Ch 6:12-13; Ezr 7:2. Probably the same as MESHULLAM in Ne 11:11.

7. Son of Naphtali. 1Ch 7:13. Called SHILLEM in Ge 46:24; Nu 26:49.

8. A Levite gate-keeper of the tabernacle whose descendants returned from exile. 1Ch 9:17; Ezr 2:42; Ne 7:45.

9. Son of Kore: a keeper of the gates of the tabernacle. 1Ch 9:19,31.

10. Father of Jehizkiah, one of the 'heads' of Ephraim. 2Ch 28:12.

11, 12. Two who had married strange wives. Ezr 10:24,42.

13. Son of Halohesh: he repaired the wall of Jerusalem, apparently assisted by his daughters. Ne 3:12.

14. Father of Hanameel and uncle of Jeremiah. Jer 32:7.

15. Father of Maaseiah. Jer 35:4.

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1. The fifteenth king of Israel, son of Jabesh, conspired against Zachariah, killed him, and brought the dynasty of Jehu to a close, B.C. 770. Shallum, after reigning in Samaria for a month only, was in his turn dethroned and killed by Menahem.

2Ki 15:10-14

2. The husband of Huldah the prophetess,

2Ki 22:14; 2Ch 34:23

in the reign of Josiah. (B.C. 830.)

3. A descendant of Shesham.

1Ch 2:40-41

4. The third son of Josiah king of Judah, known in the books of Kings and Chronicles as Jehoahaz.

1Ch 3:15; Jer 22:11

[JEHOAHAZ] (B.C. 610.)

See Jehoahaz

5. Son of Shaul the son of Simeon.

1Ch 4:25

6. A high priest.

1Ch 6:12-13; Ezr 7:2

7. A son of Naphtali.

1Ch 7:13

8. The chief of a family of porters or gate-keepers of the east gate of the temple.

1Ch 9:17

(B.C. 1050.)

9. Son of Kore, a Korahite.

1Ch 9:19,31

10. Father of Jehizkiah, an Ephraimite.

2Ch 28:12

11. One of the porters of the temple who had married a foreign wife.

Ezr 10:24

12. One of the sons of Bani.

Ezr 10:42

13. The son of Halohesh and ruler of a district of Jerusalem.

Ne 3:12

14. The uncle of Jeremiah,

Jer 32:7

perhaps the same as 2.

15. Father or ancestor of Maaseiah

Jer 35:4

perhaps the same as 9. (B.C. 630.)

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