Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2414

KJV Translation Count — 468x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: keep (283), observe (46), heed (35), keeper (28), preserve (21), beware (9), mark (8), watchman (8), wait (7), watch (7), regard (5), save (2), misc (9)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. to keep, guard, observe, give heed
a. (Qal)
1. to keep, have charge of
2. to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life
a. watch, watchman (participle)
3. to watch for, wait for
4. to watch, observe
5. to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory)
6. to keep (within bounds), restrain
7. to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow)
8. to keep, preserve, protect
9. to keep, reserve
b. (Niphal)
1. to be on one's guard, take heed, take care, beware
2. to keep oneself, refrain, abstain
3. to be kept, be guarded
c. (Piel) to keep, pay heed
d. (Hithpael) to keep oneself from

Strong's Definitions

shamar, shaw-mar'; a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.: — beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).

Concordance Results Using KJV

And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to H8104 it.


So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to H8104 the way of the tree of life.


And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's H8104er?


And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt H8104 my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.


This is my covenant, which ye shall H8104, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.


For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall H8104 the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.


And Abraham said unto him, H8104 thou that thou bring not my son thither again.


Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.


And, behold, I am with thee, and will H8104 thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.


And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will H8104 me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,