Atonement, in OT

Most Relevant Verses

Exodus 24:3

And Moses came, and he told the people all the words of Yahweh and all the regulations. And all the people answered with one voice, and they said, "All the words that Yahweh has spoken we will do."

Deuteronomy 26:17

Yahweh you [have] declared {today} to be for you as [your] God, and to go in his ways and to observe his rules and his commandments and his regulations and to listen to his voice.

Joshua 24:24

And the people said to Joshua, "We will serve Yahweh our God, and we will listen to his voice."

Leviticus 9:7

Then Moses said to Aaron, "Approach the altar and {sacrifice} your sin offering and your burnt offering, and make atonement for yourself and for the people. And {sacrifice} the people's offering and make atonement for them, [just] as Yahweh has commanded."

Leviticus 4:13-14

" 'If Israel's whole assembly did wrong unintentionally and the matter was concealed from the assembly's eyes, and they acted [against] {any of} Yahweh's commands that should not be {violated}, so that they incur guilt, when the sin that they have {committed} against [that command] becomes known, the assembly shall present {a young bull} as a sin offering, and they shall bring it before [the] tent of assembly.

Numbers 15:22-26

" 'But if you go astray and you do not follow all these commandments that Yahweh commanded to Moses, all that Yahweh commanded you by the hand of Moses from the day that Yahweh commanded and beyond, throughout your generations, and if it was done unintentionally {without the knowledge} of the community, then the entire community must prepare one {young bull} as a burnt offering, as a fragrance of appeasement for Yahweh, and its grain offering and its libation, according to the stipulation, and one male goat as a sin offering.read more.
The priest will make atonement for all of the community of the {Israelites}, and {they will be forgiven} because it [was] unintentional; they will bring their offering, an offering made by fire for Yahweh, their sin offering {before Yahweh} for their unintentional sin. All of the community of the {Israelites} will be forgiven, as well as the alien that dwells in their midst, because the whole community [was involved] in the unintentional wrong.

Leviticus 19:20-22

" 'And when a man lies with a woman [and there is] an emission of semen and she [is] a female slave promised to a man, but she indeed has not been ransomed or freedom has not be given to her, [there] shall be an obligation to compensate; they shall not be put to death, because she has not been freed. And he shall bring his guilt offering to Yahweh at the tent of assembly's entrance: a ram [for] a guilt offering. And the priest shall make atonement for him {before} Yahweh with the ram of the guilt offering for his sin that he {committed}, and so his sin that he {committed} shall be forgiven him.

Leviticus 6:1-7

Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, "When a person {displays infidelity} against Yahweh and he deceives his fellow citizen regarding something entrusted or {a pledge} or stealing or he exploits his fellow citizen, or he finds lost property and lies about it and swears {falsely} {in regard to} any one of these things by which {a person} might commit sin,read more.
{and when} he sins and is guilty, then he shall bring back {the things he had stolen} or {what he had extorted} or {something with which he had been entrusted} or the lost property that he had found, or {regarding} anything about which he has sworn {falsely}, then he shall repay it {according to} its value and shall add one-fifth of its value to it--he must give it {to whom it belongs} on the day of his guilt offering. And he must bring as his guilt offering to Yahweh a ram without defect from the flock by your valuation as a guilt offering to the priest, and the priest shall make atonement for him {before} Yahweh, and he shall be forgiven {anything} from all that he might do {by which he might incur guilt}."

Numbers 15:30-31

But the one {who acts presumptuously} from among the native or alien blasphemes against Yahweh, and that person must be cut off from the midst of the people. Because he despised the word of Yahweh and broke his command, that person will be surely cut off and bear the guilt.'"

Numbers 35:33

So you will not pollute the land in which you are; because blood pollutes the land, and no atonement can be made for the land for the blood that is poured out on it except with the blood of the one who poured it out.

1 Samuel 3:14

Therefore I swore to the house of Eli [that] the iniquity of the house of Eli would not be atoned for by sacrifice or by offering forever."

Leviticus 16:34

And this shall be {a lasting statute} for you to make atonement for the {Israelites} one time in a year from all their sins."

Exodus 30:10

And Aaron will make atonement on its horns one time in the year from the blood of the sin offering of the atonement; one time in the year he will make atonement on it throughout your generations; it is a most holy thing for Yahweh."

Leviticus 16:1-33

Then Yahweh spoke to Moses after the death of Aaron's two sons, when they had come near {before} Yahweh and they died. And Yahweh said to Moses, "Tell your brother Aaron [that] he should not enter at any time into the sanctuary {behind} the curtain {in front of} the atonement cover that [is] on the ark, so that he might not die, because I appear in the cloud over the atonement cover. "Aaron must enter the sanctuary with this: {a young bull} as a sin offering and a ram as a burnt offering.read more.
He must put on {a holy linen tunic}, and linen undergarments must be on his body, and he must fasten [himself] with a linen sash, and he must wrap a linen turban around [his head]--they [are] holy garments, and he shall wash his body with water, then he shall put them on. And he must take from the {Israelites}' community two he-goats as a sin offering and one ram as a burnt offering. "And Aaron shall present the sin offering's bull, which [is] for himself, and so he shall make atonement for himself and for his family. And he shall take the two goats, and he shall present them {before} Yahweh [at the] tent of assembly's entrance. Then Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats: one lot for Yahweh and one for Azazel. And Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot for Yahweh fell, and he shall {sacrifice} it [as] a sin offering. But he must present alive {before} Yahweh the goat on which the lot for Azazel fell to make atonement for himself, to send it away into the desert to Azazel. "And Aaron shall present the sin offering's bull, which [is] for himself, and so he shall make atonement for himself and for his family; then he shall slaughter the sin offering's bull, which [is] for himself. And he shall take a censer full of {burning charcoal} from upon the altar from {before} Yahweh and {two handfuls} of incense of powdered fragrant perfumes, and he shall bring [it] {from behind} the curtain, and he shall put the incense on the fire {before} Yahweh so that the cloud of incense might cover the atonement cover, which [is] on the {covenant text}, so that he might not die. And he shall take {some of} the bull's blood, and he shall spatter [it] with his finger on the atonement cover's surface on the eastern [side], and {before} the atonement cover he shall spatter {some of} the blood with his finger seven times. "And he shall slaughter the sin offering's goat, which [is] for the people, and he shall bring its blood {from behind} the curtain, and he shall do with its blood as that which he did with the bull's blood, and he shall spatter it on the atonement cover and {before} the atonement cover. Thus he shall make atonement for the sanctuary from the {Israelites}' impurities and from their transgressions for all their sins; and so he must do for [the] tent of assembly, which dwells with them in the midst of their impurities. And {no person} shall be in [the] tent of assembly when he enters to make atonement in the sanctuary until he comes out, and so he shall make atonement for himself and for his family and for all of Israel's assembly. "Then he shall go out to the altar that [is] {before} Yahweh, and he shall make atonement for it; and he shall take {some of} the bull's blood and {some of} the goat's blood, and he shall put [it] all around on the altar's horns. And he shall spatter {some of} the blood on it seven times with his finger, and he shall cleanse it and consecrate it from the {Israelites}' impurities. "And he shall finish making atonement [for] the sanctuary and [the] tent of assembly and the altar; then he shall present the living goat. And Aaron shall place his two hands on the living goat's head, and he shall confess over it all the {Israelites}' iniquities and all their transgressions for all their sins, and he shall put them on the goat's head, and he shall send [it] away into the desert {with} a man [standing] ready. Thus the goat shall bear on it to {a barren region} all their guilt, and he shall send the goat away into the desert. "And Aaron shall enter [the] tent of assembly, and he shall take off the linen garments that he put on at his coming to the sanctuary, and he shall leave them there. And he shall wash his body with water in a holy place, and he shall put on his garments and go out and {sacrifice} his burnt offering and the people's burnt offering, and so he shall make atonement for himself and for people. And he must turn into smoke the sin offering's fat on the altar. "And the person who sends out the goat for Azazel shall wash his garments, and he shall wash his body with water, and {afterward} he shall come to the camp. And the sin offering's bull and the sin offering's goat, whose blood was brought to make atonement in the sanctuary, shall be brought {outside the camp}, and they shall burn their hide and their flesh and their offal in the fire. And the person who burns them shall wash his garments, and he shall wash his body with water, and {afterward} he must come to the camp. "And this shall be {a lasting statute} for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth of the month, you must deny yourselves and you must not do any work, [whether] the native or the alien who is dwelling in your midst, because on this day he shall make atonement for you to cleanse you; you must be clean from all your sins {before} Yahweh. It [is] {a Sabbath of complete rest} for you, and you shall deny yourselves--[it is] {a lasting statute}. And the priest who is anointed and who is {ordained} to serve as a priest in place of his father shall make atonement; thus he shall put on the linen garments, the holy garments, and he shall make atonement for the sanctuary's holy place, and he shall make atonement for [the] tent of assembly and the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all of the assembly's people.

Hebrews 9:7

but only the high priest [enters] into the second [tent] once a year, not without blood, which he offers on behalf of himself and the [sins] of the people committed in ignorance.

Exodus 25:17-22

"And you will make an atonement cover of pure gold, two and a half cubits its length and a cubit and a half its width. And you will make two cherubim of gold; you will make them of hammered work at the two ends of the atonement cover. And make one cherub {at one end} and one cherub {at the other end} of the atonement cover; you will make the cherubim on its two ends.read more.
And the cherubim will be [with] outspread wings above, covering with their wings over the atonement cover {and facing each other}; the faces of the cherubim will be toward the atonement cover. And you will put the atonement cover above onto the ark, and into the ark you will put the testimony that I will give you. And I will meet you there, and I will speak with you from over the atonement cover, from between the two cherubim that [are to be] on the ark of the testimony--all that I will command you to the {Israelites}.

Exodus 30:6

And you will put it before the curtain that [is] upon the ark of the testimony, before the atonement cover, which [is] on the testimony, there where I will meet with you.

Leviticus 16:2

And Yahweh said to Moses, "Tell your brother Aaron [that] he should not enter at any time into the sanctuary {behind} the curtain {in front of} the atonement cover that [is] on the ark, so that he might not die, because I appear in the cloud over the atonement cover.

Numbers 7:89

And when Moses came to the tent of assembly to speak with him, he would hear the voice speaking to him from the atonement cover, which [is] on the ark of the testimony, from between the two cherubim, and he would speak to him.

Leviticus 17:11

Indeed the flesh's life [is] in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your lives, because it [is] the blood with the life that makes atonement.

Exodus 29:44

And I will consecrate the tent of assembly and the altar, and Aaron and his sons I will consecrate to serve as priests for me.

Leviticus 8:22-30

Then he brought the second ram near, the ram of the consecration, and Aaron and his sons placed their hands on the ram's head, and he slaughtered [it]. Then Moses took {some of} its blood and put [it] on Aaron's right ear lobe and on his right hand's thumb and on his right foot's big toe. Then he brought Aaron's sons near, and Moses put {some of} the blood on their right ear lobe and on their right hand's thumb and on their right foot's big toe, and Moses sprinkled the blood on the altar all around.read more.
Then he took the fat and the fat tail and all of the fat that [was] on the inner parts and the lobe of the liver and the two kidneys and their fat and the right upper thigh; and from the basket of the unleavened bread that [was] before Yahweh he took one ring-shaped unleavened bread and one ring-shaped bread with oil and one wafer, and he placed [them] on the {fat parts} and on the right upper thigh. Then he put {all of these} on Aaron's palms and on his sons' palms, and he waved them [as] a wave offering {before} Yahweh. Then Moses took them from upon their palms, and he turned [them] into smoke upon the burnt offering on the altar; they [were] a consecration offering as an appeasing fragrance--it [was] an offering made by fire for Yahweh. Then Moses took the breast section, and he waved it [as] a wave offering {before} Yahweh from the ram of the consecration offering; it [was] Moses' share, [just] as Yahweh had commanded Moses. Then Moses took {some of} the anointing oil and {some of} the blood that [was] on the altar, and he spattered [them] on Aaron, on his garments, and on Aaron's sons and on his sons' garments with him--thus he consecrated Aaron, his garments, and his sons and his sons' garments with him.

Hebrews 5:1-3

For every high priest taken from among men is appointed on behalf of people in the things relating to God, in order that he can offer both gifts and sacrifices on behalf of sins, being able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and led astray, since he himself also is surrounded by weakness, and because of it he is obligated to offer [sacrifices] for sins {for himself also, as well as for the people}.

Leviticus 9:8-11

Then Aaron approached the altar, and he slaughtered the bull calf of the sin offering, which was for himself. Then Aaron's sons presented the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood, and he put [it] on the altar's horns, and he poured out the blood on the altar's base. And the fat and the kidneys and the lobe {from the sin offering's liver} he turned into smoke on the altar, [just] as Yahweh had commanded Moses,read more.
but the meat and the skin he burned {with fire} {outside the camp}.

Hebrews 5:1

For every high priest taken from among men is appointed on behalf of people in the things relating to God, in order that he can offer both gifts and sacrifices on behalf of sins,

Exodus 28:36-38

"And you will make a pure gold rosette, and you will engrave on it with seal engravings: "A holy object for Yahweh." And you will place it on a blue cord, and it will be on the turban, at the front of the turban it will be. And it will be on the forehead of Aaron, and Aaron will bear the guilt of the holy objects that the {Israelites} will consecrate for all their holy gifts, and it will be on his forehead continually for acceptance for them before Yahweh.

Leviticus 10:16-17

Then Moses sought all over [for] the goat of the sin offering and behold, it was burned up. So he was angry with Aaron's remaining sons Eleazar and Ithamar, saying, "Why did you not eat the sin offering on the sanctuary's site, because it [is] {a most holy thing}? And he gave it to you to remove the community's guilt, to make atonement for them {before} Yahweh.

Leviticus 12:7-8

And [the priest] shall present it {before} Yahweh, and he shall make atonement for her, so that she shall be clean from the flow of her blood. This [is] the regulation of childbearing for the male or for the female. And if {she cannot afford} a sheep, then she shall take two turtledoves or two {young doves}--one as a burnt offering and one as a sin offering--and the priest shall make atonement for her, so that she shall be clean.'"

Leviticus 14:18-22

And the remaining oil that [is] on the priest's palm he shall put on the head of the one who presents himself for cleansing, and the priest shall make atonement for him {before} Yahweh. Thus the priest shall {sacrifice} the sin offering, and he shall make atonement for the one who presents himself for cleansing from his uncleanness, and afterward he shall slaughter the burnt offering. Then the priest shall offer the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar, and the priest shall make atonement for him, and so he shall be clean.read more.
"But if he [is] poor and {he cannot afford} [it], then he shall take one male lamb [for] a guilt offering as a wave offering to make atonement for himself and one-tenth [of an ephah] of finely milled flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and a log of oil, and two turtledoves or two {young doves} that {he can afford}, and one shall be a sin offering and the {other} a burnt offering.

Leviticus 15:15

And the priest shall {sacrifice} one [as] a sin offering and {the other} [as] a burnt offering, and so the priest shall make atonement for him {before} Yahweh from his body fluid discharge.

Numbers 28:22

and a goat for one sin offering to make atonement for you.

Numbers 29:5

with one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you,

Hosea 4:7-8

When they became many, their sin increased against me; they changed their glory into shame. {They feed on the sin of my people}, {they are greedy} for their iniquity.

1 Samuel 2:12-17

Now the sons of Eli [were] {worthless scoundrels}; they did not know Yahweh. And the custom of the priests with the people [was this]: When any man {brought a sacrifice}, as the meat was boiling, the servant of the priest would take a three-pronged meat fork in his hand and would thrust it into the pan or into the kettle or into the cauldron or into the cooking pot. All that the meat fork brought up the priest would take for himself. This [is] what they used to do to all of the Israelites who came there at Shiloh.read more.
Also, before they {offered up} the fat as a burnt offering, the servant of the priest would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, "Give the priest meat for roasting, for he will not take boiled meat from you, but only {raw}." And [if] the man said to him, "Let them burn the fat completely {first}, then take for yourself as {you} desire," then he would say to him, "No! Give it now! If not, I will take it by force!" So the sin of the young men was very great in the sight of Yahweh, because the men treated the offering of Yahweh with contempt.

Jeremiah 6:13-14

"For from the smallest of them to the greatest of them, {everyone} makes profit for unlawful gain. And from the prophet to the priest, {everyone} practices deceit. And they have treated the wound of my people lightly, {saying}, 'Peace, peace,' but there is no peace.

Ezekiel 22:26

Its priests treat my law violently, and they profane my holy objects; they do not distinguish between holy object and what is unholy, or between the clean and the unclean. They do not teach the difference, and they hide their eyes from my Sabbaths, and [so] I am profaned in the midst of them.

Malachi 1:6-8

"A son honors [his] father, and a slave his master; but if I [am] a father, where [is] my honor, and if I [am] a master, where [is] my reverence?" says Yahweh of hosts to you, O priests, {who despise} my name. "But you say, 'How have we despised your name?' [You are] presenting defiled food on my altar! But you ask, 'How have we defiled you?' By saying [that] the table of Yahweh is despised! When you offer a blind [animal] for sacrifice, is that not wrong? And when you offer [the] lame and the one who is ill, is that not wrong? Present it, please, to your governor! Will he be pleased with you? {Will he show you favor}?" says Yahweh of hosts.

Hosea 8:11-13

When Ephraim multiplied altars to expiate sins, they became to him altars to sin [on]. I write for him myriads of my instruction; they are regarded as a strange thing. They offer sacrifices of my choice and they eat flesh; Yahweh does not accept them. Now he will remember their iniquity and punish their sins; they will return [to] Egypt.

Isaiah 1:10-17

Hear the word of Yahweh, rulers of Sodom! Listen [to] the teaching of our God, people of Gomorrah! What [is the] abundance of your sacrifices to me? says Yahweh. I have had enough [of] burnt offerings of rams and [the] fat [of] fattened animals and I do not delight in [the] blood of bulls and ram-lambs and goats. When you come to appear before me, who asked for this from your hand: you trampling my courts?read more.
You must not {continue} to bring offerings of futility, incense--it [is] an abomination to me; new moon and Sabbath, [the] calling of a convocation-- I cannot endure iniquity with [solemn] assembly. Your new moons and your appointed festivals my soul hates; they have become to me like burden, I am not able to bear [them]. And when you stretch out your hands, I will hide my eyes from you; even though you make many prayers, I [will] not be listening. Your hands are full of blood. Wash! Make yourselves clean! Remove the evil of your doings from before my eyes! Cease to do evil! Learn to do good! Seek justice! Rescue [the] oppressed! Defend [the] orphan! Plead for [the] widow!

Isaiah 66:3

The one who slaughters bull strikes a man; the one who slaughters lamb for sacrifice breaks the neck [of] a dog. The one who offers an offering, [the] blood of swine; the one who offers frankincense blesses an idol. Indeed, they themselves have chosen their ways, and their soul delights in their abhorrence.

Jeremiah 7:21-24

Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel, "Add your burnt offerings to your sacrifices, and eat [the] flesh. For I did not speak with your ancestors, nor did I command them in the day of bringing them out from the land of Egypt, concerning the matter of burnt offering and sacrifice. But I only commanded them this word, {saying}, 'Obey my voice, and I will be to you God, and you will be to me people, and you must walk in all of the way that I command you, so that it goes well with you.'read more.
Yet they did not obey, and they did not incline their ear, but they walked in [their own] plans, in the stubbornness of their evil heart, and {they became worse instead of better}.