On the next day Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood around Moses from morning until evening.
When they have a dispute, it comes to me and I decide between a man and his neighbor, and I make known the decrees of God and his laws."
Then the Levitical priests will approach (for the Lord your God has chosen them to serve him and to pronounce blessings in his name, and to decide every judicial verdict)
They judged the people under normal circumstances; the difficult cases they would bring to Moses, but every small case they would judge themselves.
Indeed, the leaders sit there on thrones and make legal decisions, on the thrones of the house of David.
"You are to make a breastpiece for use in making decisions, the work of an artistic designer; you are to make it in the same fashion as the ephod; you are to make it of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen.
Aaron will bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of decision over his heart when he goes into the holy place, for a memorial before the Lord continually.
"You are to put the Urim and the Thummim into the breastpiece of decision; and they are to be over Aaron's heart when he goes in before the Lord. Aaron is to bear the decisions of the Israelites over his heart before the Lord continually.
He will give discernment to the one who makes judicial decisions, and strength to those who defend the city from attackers.
1 Samuel 8:6
But this request displeased Samuel, for they said, "Give us a king to lead us." So Samuel prayed to the Lord.
1 Kings 3:9
So give your servant a discerning mind so he can make judicial decisions for your people and distinguish right from wrong. Otherwise no one is able to make judicial decisions for this great nation of yours."
1 Kings 7:7
He also made a throne room, called "The Hall of Judgment," where he made judicial decisions. It was paneled with cedar from the floor to the rafters.
For Solomon. O God, grant the king the ability to make just decisions! Grant the king's son the ability to make fair decisions! Then he will judge your people fairly, and your oppressed ones equitably.
The divine verdict is in the words of the king, his pronouncements must not act treacherously against justice.
The king will mourn and the prince will be clothed with shuddering; the hands of the people of the land will tremble. Based on their behavior I will deal with them, and by their standard of justice I will judge them. Then they will know that I am the Lord!"
I will punish you as an adulteress and murderer deserves. I will avenge your bloody deeds with furious rage.
For the music director; according to the al-tashcheth style; a prayer of David. Do you rulers really pronounce just decisions? Do you judge people fairly?
But when Paul appealed to be kept in custody for the decision of His Majesty the Emperor, I ordered him to be kept under guard until I could send him to Caesar."
When they had heard my case, they wanted to release me, because there was no basis for a death sentence against me.