The thing that has been -- "it is what will be again, and that which has been done is that which will be done again; and there is nothing new under the sun.
Moreover, I saw under the sun that in the place of justice there was wickedness, and that in the place of righteousness wickedness was there also.
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity, a striving after the wind and a feeding on wind.
Then I saw all the work of God, that man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun -- "because however much a man may toil in seeking, yet he will not find it out; yes, more than that, though a wise man thinks and claims he knows, yet will he not be able to find it out.
All this have I seen while applying my mind to every work that is done under the sun. There is a time in which one man has power over another to his own hurt or to the other man's.
What profit does man have left from all his toil at which he toils under the sun? [Is life worth living?]
Then I looked on all that my hands had done and the labor I had spent in doing it, and behold, all was vanity and a striving after the wind and a feeding on it, and there was no profit under the sun.
There is a serious and severe evil which I have seen under the sun: riches were kept by their owner to his hurt.
So I hated life, because what is done under the sun was grievous to me; for all is vanity and a striving after the wind and a feeding on it.
And who knows whether he will be a wise man or a fool? Yet he will have dominion over all my labor in which I have toiled and in which I have shown myself wise under the sun. This is also vanity (emptiness, falsity, and futility)!
So I turned around and gave my heart up to despair over all the labor of my efforts under the sun.
For what has a man left from all his labor and from the striving and vexation of his heart in which he has toiled under the sun?
Then I returned and considered all the oppressions that are practiced under the sun: And I beheld the tears of the oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors was power, but they [too] had no comforter.
Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun [in one of its peculiar forms].
I saw all the living who walk under the sun with the youth who was to stand up in the king's stead.
There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it lies heavily upon men:
For who [ limited to human wisdom] knows what is good for man in his life, all the days of his vain life which he spends as a shadow [going through the motions but accomplishing nothing]? For who can tell a man what will happen [to his work, his treasure, his plans] under the sun after he is gone?
Their love and their hatred and their envy have already perished; neither have they any more a share in anything that is done under the sun.
Live joyfully with the wife whom you love all the days of your vain life which He has given you under the sun -- "all the days of futility. For that is your portion in this life and in your work at which you toil under the sun.
This [illustration of] wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great to me:
There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, like an error which proceeds from the ruler:
Then I commended enjoyment, because a man has no better thing under the sun [without God] than to eat and to drink and to be joyful, for that will remain with him in his toil through the days of his life which God gives him under the sun.
But better than them both [I thought] is he who has not yet been born, who has not seen the evil deeds that are done under the sun.
And I applied myself by heart and mind to seek and search out by [human] wisdom all human activity under heaven. It is a miserable business which God has given to the sons of man with which to busy themselves.
I searched in my mind how to cheer my body with wine -- "yet at the same time having my mind hold its course and guide me with [human] wisdom -- "and how to lay hold of folly, till I might see what was good for the sons of men to do under heaven all the days of their lives.
To everything there is a season, and a time for every matter or purpose under heaven: