The thing that has been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done; and there is no new thing under the sun.
And moreover I saw under the sun that instead of judgment, there was wickedness; and instead of righteousness, that iniquity was there.
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
And I have seen regarding all the works of God that man cannot attain to understand the work that is being done under the sun, because though a man labours to seek it out, yet he shall not find it; even though the wise man says that he knows it, yet he shall not be able to attain it.
All this I have seen and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the sun: the time in which one man rules over another to his own hurt.
What profit does a man have of all his labour which he takes under the sun?
At last I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought and on the labour that I had laboured to do; and, behold, all was vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit under the sun.
There is another sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt;
Therefore I hated life because every work that is wrought under the sun was grievous unto me; for all was vanity and vexation of spirit.
And who knows whether he shall be a wise man or a fool, he who shall have rule over all my labour in which I have laboured and in which I have showed myself wise under the sun? This is also vanity.
Therefore my heart began to despair again regarding all the labour which I took under the sun.
For what does man have of all his labour and of the vexation of his heart in which he has laboured under the sun?
So I returned and considered all the violence that is done under the sun and behold the tears of such as are oppressed, and they have no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but the oppressed had no comforter.
I saw all the living who are under the sun walking with the child, the successor that shall stand up in his stead.
There is another evil which I have seen under the sun, and it is very common among men:
For who knows what is good for man in this life, all the days of the life of his vanity which he causes to be as a shadow? for who shall teach the man what shall be after him under the sun?
Even their love and their hatred and their envy is now perished; neither have they any more a portion in the age in any thing that is done under the sun.
Live joyfully with the wife whom thou dost love all the days which thou art to live in this lake of vanity, which are given unto thee; all the days of thy vanity under the sun: for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour in which thou dost work under the sun.
I have also seen this wisdom under the sun, which is important unto me:
There is another evil which I have seen under the sun, as an error which proceeds from the ruler:
Therefore I commended joy because a man has no better thing under the sun than to eat and to drink and to be merry, for that shall abide with him of his labour the days of his life, which God gives him under the sun.
And I thought that better is he than both of them who has not yet been, who has not seen the evil works that are done under the sun.
And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven (this sore travail God has given to the sons of man that they be occupied in it).
I proposed in my heart to regale my flesh with wine and that my heart would walk in wisdom; and to lay hold on folly, until I might see what was that good for the sons of men, which they should do under the heaven all the days of their life.
For all things there is a season, and every will under the heaven has its time determined.