Laws Concerning Cities Of Refuge

1 "When Yahweh your God has {exterminated} the nations [concerning whom] Yahweh your God [is] giving to you their land, and you have dispossessed them, and you have settled in their towns and in their houses,

1 (A)When the Lord your God cuts off the nations, whose land the Lord your God gives you, and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and in their houses,

1 When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;

1 “When the Lord your God annihilates the nations whose land He is giving you,(A) so that you drive them out and live in their cities and houses,

1 "When the LORD your God destroys those nations whose lands he is about to give you, you must dispossess them and live in their cities and houses.

2 you shall set apart three cities for you in the midst of your land that Yahweh your God [is] giving to you to take possession of it.

2 (B)you shall set aside three cities for yourself in the midst of your land, which the Lord your God gives you to (a)possess.

2 Thou shalt separate three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.

2 you are to set apart three cities for yourselves within the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess.(B)

2 You must reserve three cities within the land that the LORD your God is about to give you to possess.

3 You shall prepare the roads for yourselves, and you shall divide the regions of your land into thirds that Yahweh your God gives you as a possession, so that {it will be available for any manslayer to flee there}.

3 You shall prepare the (b)roads for yourself, and divide into three parts the territory of your land which the Lord your God will give you as a possession, (c)so that any manslayer may flee there.

3 Thou shalt prepare thee a way, and divide the coasts of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to inherit, into three parts, that every slayer may flee thither.

3 You are to determine the distances(a) and divide the land the Lord your God is granting you as an inheritance into three regions, so that anyone who commits manslaughter can flee to these cities.(b)

3 Build roads throughout the land that the LORD your God is providing as an inheritance, and then divide it into three districts so that any killer may flee there.

4 "Now this [is] the case of the manslayer who may flee there and live [there] who has killed his neighbor {unintentionally}, and he did not hate him {previously}.

4 (C)Now this is the case of the manslayer who may flee there and live: when he (d)kills his friend (e)unintentionally, (f)not hating him previously—

4 And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not in time past;

4 “Here is the law concerning a case of someone who kills a person and flees there to save his life, having killed his neighbor accidentally without previously hating him:

4 "Now this is the situation for any killer who flees there to live: suppose he strikes his friend unwittingly, not having hated him previously.

5 {For example}, when somebody goes with his neighbor into the forest to cut wood, and the iron [head] slips from the handle [of the tool] and strikes his neighbor and he dies, [then] he may flee to one of these cities, and [so] he may live.

5 as when a man goes into the forest with his friend to cut wood, and his hand (g)swings the axe to cut down the tree, and the iron head slips off the (h)handle and (i)strikes his friend so that he dies—he may flee to one of these cities and live;

5 As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live:

5 If he goes into the forest with his neighbor to cut timber, and his hand swings the ax to chop down a tree, but the blade flies off the handle and strikes his neighbor so that he dies, that person may flee to one of these cities and live.

5 For instance, he may have accompanied his friend to go to a forest to cut trees. Then he swung his axe to cut some wood, but the ax head flew off the handle and hit his friend, so that he died. The killer may flee to one of these cities to live.

6 [He does this] lest the avenger of blood might pursue after the killer, because {he is hot with anger} and he overtakes him, because it is a long distance [to the city of refuge], and [so] {he kills him}, but {he did not deserve a death sentence}, because he [was] not hating him {before}.

6 otherwise the avenger of blood might pursue the manslayer (j)in the heat of his anger, and overtake him, because the way is long, and (k)take his life, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated him previously.

6 Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

6 Otherwise, the avenger of blood in the heat of his anger(c) might pursue the one who committed manslaughter, overtake him because the distance is great, and strike him dead. Yet he did not deserve to die,(d) since he did not previously hate his neighbor.

6 Since hile the distance may be great, the angry avenger may overtake the killer he is pursuing and kill him, in which case there will be no justice in his death, because he did not hate his friend previously.

7 Therefore I [am] commanding you, {saying}, 'You shall set apart three cities.'

7 Therefore, I command you, saying, ‘You shall set aside three cities for yourself.’

7 Wherefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt separate three cities for thee.

7 This is why I am commanding you to set apart three cities for yourselves.

7 Therefore I am commanding you to reserve three cities."

8 Then if Yahweh your God enlarges your territory [just] as he swore to your ancestors and gives to you all the land that he {promised} to give to your ancestors,

8 “If the Lord your God (D)enlarges your territory, just as He has sworn to your fathers, and gives you all the land which He (l)promised to give your fathers—

8 And if the LORD thy God enlarge thy coast, as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, and give thee all the land which he promised to give unto thy fathers;

8 If the Lord your God enlarges your territory as He swore to your fathers, and gives you all the land He promised to give them—

8 "Now if the LORD enlarges your territories just as he promised your ancestors and gives you all the land that he promised,

9 [then] {if you diligently observe this entire commandment} that I [am] commanding you {today} by loving Yahweh your God and by going in his ways {at all times}, then you shall add three more cities for yourselves to these three.

9 if you (m)carefully observe all this commandment which I command you today, (E)to love the Lord your God, and to walk in His ways always—(F)then you shall add three more cities for yourself, besides these three.

9 If thou shalt keep all these commandments to do them, which I command thee this day, to love the LORD thy God, and to walk ever in his ways; then shalt thou add three cities more for thee, beside these three:

9 provided you keep every one of these commands I am giving you today and follow them, loving the Lord your God and walking in His ways at all times—you are to add three more cities to these three.

9 and if you are careful to observe all these commands that I am commanding you today to love the LORD your God and to walk daily in his ways then add three more cities in addition to these three cities.

10 [Do this] so that innocent blood will not be shed in the midst of your land that Yahweh your God [is] giving to you [as an] inheritance and [thereby] bloodguilt would be on you.

10 So innocent blood will not be shed in the midst of your land which the Lord your God gives you as an inheritance, and (G)bloodguiltiness be on you.

10 That innocent blood be not shed in thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, and so blood be upon thee.

10 In this way, innocent blood will not be shed, and you will not become guilty of bloodshed in the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance.(C)

10 You must not shed innocent blood on your land that the LORD your God is about to give you as an inheritance. Otherwise, you'll be guilty of murder."

11 But if someone hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him and rises up against him {and murders him}, and [the murderer] flees to one of these cities,

11 “But (H)if there is a man who hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him and rises up against him and strikes (n)him so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities,

11 But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities:

11 But if someone hates his neighbor, lies in ambush for him, attacks him, and strikes him fatally, and flees to one of these cities,

11 "However, if a person hates his neighbor, lies in wait for him, rises up against him, and attacks him so that he dies, and then he flees to one of those cities,

12 then the elders of his city shall send and take him from there, and they shall give him into the hand of the avenger of blood, and he shall be put to death.

12 then the elders of his city shall send and take him from there and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.

12 Then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.

12 the elders of his city must send for him, take him from there, and hand him over to the avenger of blood and he will die.

12 then the elders of his own city shall send for him, remove him from there, and deliver him to the related avenger for execution.

13 Your eye shall not take pity on him, and you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, {so that good will be directed toward you}.

13 (o)(I)You shall not pity him, but (J)you shall purge the blood of the innocent from Israel, that it may go well with you.

13 Thine eye shall not pity him, but thou shalt put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee.

13 You must not look on him with pity but purge from Israel the guilt of shedding innocent blood, and you will prosper.

13 Have no pity on him, but totally purge the shedding of innocent blood from Israel so that life may go well with you."

Boundary Markers

14 "You shall not move the boundary [marker] of your neighbor that {former generations} set up on your property in the land that Yahweh your God [is] giving to you to take possession of it.

14 (K)You shall not move your neighbor’s boundary mark, which the ancestors have set, in your inheritance which you will inherit in the land that the Lord your God gives you to (p)possess.

14 Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's landmark, which they of old time have set in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land that the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.

14 “You must not move your neighbor’s boundary marker,(D) established at the start in the inheritance you will receive in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess.

14 "When you inherit the land that the LORD your God is about to give you, don't move your neighbor's boundary marker from where it was placed long ago."

Laws Concerning Witnesses

15 {The testimony of a single witness may not be used to convict} [with respect to] any crime and for any wrongdoing in any offense that a person committed; on the {evidence} of two witnesses or on the {evidence} of three witnesses {a charge shall be sustained}.

15 (L)A single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin (q)which he has committed; on the (r)evidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed.

15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

15 “One witness cannot establish any wrongdoing or sin against a person, whatever that person has done.(E) A fact must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.(F)

15 "The testimony of one person alone is not to suffice to convict anyone of any iniquity, sin, or guilt. But the matter will stand on the testimony of two or three witnesses.

16 If {a malicious witness} gets up {to accuse} anyone to testify against him falsely,

16 (M)If a malicious witness rises up against a man to (s)accuse him of (t)wrongdoing,

16 If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him that which is wrong;

16 “If a malicious witness(G) testifies against someone accusing him of a crime,

16 When a malicious witness takes the stand against a man and accuses him,

17 then the two men {to whom the legal dispute pertains} shall stand {before} Yahweh, {before} the priests and the judges who are [in office] in those days.

17 then both the men who have the dispute shall stand (N)before the Lord, before the priests and the judges who will be in office in those days.

17 Then both the men, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before the LORD, before the priests and the judges, which shall be in those days;

17 the two people in the dispute must stand in the presence of the Lord before the priests and judges in authority at that time.

17 then both must stand with their dispute in the LORD's presence, the priests, and the judges at that time.

18 Then judges shall make a thorough inquiry, and [if] it turns out that the witness is a false witness [and] he testified falsely against his brother,

18 The judges (O)shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness and he has (u)accused his brother falsely,

18 And the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified falsely against his brother;

18 The judges are to make a careful investigation, and if the witness turns out to be a liar who has falsely accused his brother,

18 The judges will investigate thoroughly. If the false witness lies in testifying against his relative,

19 then you shall do to him as he meant to do to his brother, and so you shall purge the evil from your midst.

19 then (P)you shall do to him just as he had intended to do to his brother. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you.

19 Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from among you.

19 you must do to him as he intended to do to his brother. You must purge the evil from you.

19 do to him just as he intended to do to his relative. By doing this you will purge evil from your midst.

20 {And the rest} shall hear and shall fear, and {they shall not continue to do such a thing again} as this evil thing in your midst.

20 (Q)The rest will hear and be afraid, and will never again do such an evil thing among you.

20 And those which remain shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any such evil among you.

20 Then everyone else will hear and be afraid, and they will never again do anything evil like this among you.(H)

20 When others hear of this, they will be afraid and will not do such an evil deed again in your midst.

21 {You must show no pity}: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot."

21 Thus (v)(R)you shall not show pity: (S)life for life, (T)eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

21 And thine eye shall not pity; but life shall go for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

21 You must not show pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, and foot for foot.(I)

21 Your eyes must not show pity life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, and foot for foot."

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