1 The words of the Teacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem:
1 The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
1 The words of the Teacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
2 "Futile! Futile!" laments the Teacher, "Absolutely futile! Everything is futile!"
2 Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity.
2 "Utterly pointless," says the Teacher. "Absolutely pointless; everything is pointless."
3 What benefit do people get from all the effort which they expend on earth?
3 What profit hath a man of all his labour which he taketh under the sun?
3 What does a man gain from all of the work that he undertakes on earth?
4 A generation comes and a generation goes, but the earth remains the same through the ages.
4 One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever.
4 A generation goes, a generation comes, but the earth remains forever.
5 The sun rises and the sun sets; it hurries away to a place from which it rises again.
5 The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose.
5 The sun rises, the sun sets, then rushes back to where it arose.
6 The wind goes to the south and circles around to the north; round and round the wind goes and on its rounds it returns.
6 The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits.
6 The wind blows southward, then northward, constantly circulating, and the wind comes back again in its courses.
7 All the streams flow into the sea, but the sea is not full, and to the place where the streams flow, there they will flow again.
7 All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.
7 All the streams flow to the sea,yet the sea is never full.The streams are flowing to the place,and they flow there again.
7 All the rivers flow toward the sea, but the sea is never full; then rivers return to the headwaters where they began.
8 All this monotony is tiresome; no one can bear to describe it: The eye is never satisfied with seeing, nor is the ear ever content with hearing.
8 All things are full of labour; man cannot utter it: the eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.
8 Everything is wearisome, more than man is able to express. The eye is never satisfied by seeing, nor the ear by hearing.
9 What exists now is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done; there is nothing truly new on earth.
9 The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun.
9 What has been is what will be,and what has been done is what will be done;there is nothing new under the sun.
9 Whatever has happened, will happen again; whatever has been done, will be done again. There is nothing new on earth.
10 Is there anything about which someone can say, "Look at this! It is new!"? It was already done long ago, before our time.
10 Is there anything of which one might say,“See this, it is new”?Already it has existed for agesWhich were before us.
10 Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? it hath been already of old time, which was before us.
10 Can one say about anything,“Look, this is new”?It has already existed in the ages before us.
10 Does anything exist about which someone might say, "Look at this! Is this new?" It happened ages ago; it existed before we did.
11 No one remembers the former events, nor will anyone remember the events that are yet to happen; they will not be remembered by the future generations.
11 There is no remembrance of former things; neither shall there be any remembrance of things that are to come with those that shall come after.
11 No one remembers those in the past, nor will they be remembered by those who come after them.
12 I, the Teacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
12 I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.
12 I, the Teacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
13 I decided to carefully and thoroughly examine all that has been accomplished on earth. I concluded: God has given people a burdensome task that keeps them occupied.
13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith.
13 I dedicated myself to using wisdom for study and discovery of everything that is done under heaven. God uses terrible things so human beings will struggle with life.
14 I reflected on everything that is accomplished by man on earth, and I concluded: Everything he has accomplished is futile -- like chasing the wind!
14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
14 I observed every activity done on earth. My conclusion: all of it is pointless like chasing after the wind.
15 What is bent cannot be straightened, and what is missing cannot be supplied.
15 That which is crooked cannot be made straight: and that which is wanting cannot be numbered.
15 What is crooked cannot be made straight; what is not there cannot be counted.
16 I thought to myself, "I have become much wiser than any of my predecessors who ruled over Jerusalem; I have acquired much wisdom and knowledge."
16 I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all they that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom and knowledge.
16 I told myself, "I have become greater and wiser than anyone who ruled before me in Jerusalem yes, I have acquired a great deal of wisdom and knowledge."
17 So I decided to discern the benefit of wisdom and knowledge over foolish behavior and ideas; however, I concluded that even this endeavor is like trying to chase the wind!
17 And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
17 So I dedicated myself to learn about wisdom and knowledge, and about insanity and foolishness. And I discovered that this is also like chasing after the wind.
18 For with great wisdom comes great frustration; whoever increases his knowledge merely increases his heartache.
18 For in much wisdom is much grief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow.
18 For with much wisdom there is much sorrow; the more someone adds to knowledge, the more someone adds to grief.
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