1 The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
1 The words of the Teacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
1 The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
2 Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity.
2 "Utterly pointless," says the Teacher. "Absolutely pointless; everything is pointless."
3 What profit hath a man of all his labour which he taketh under the sun?
3 What does a man gain from all of the work that he undertakes on earth?
4 One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever.
4 A generation goes, a generation comes, but the earth remains forever.
5 The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose.
5 The sun rises, the sun sets, then rushes back to where it arose.
5 Also, the sun rises and the sun sets;And hurries to the place where it rises again.
6 (f)(F)Blowing toward the south,Then turning toward the north,The wind continues (g)swirling along;And on its circular courses the wind returns.
6 The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits.
6 Gusting to the south,turning to the north,turning, turning, goes the wind,(G)and the wind returns in its cycles.
6 The wind blows southward, then northward, constantly circulating, and the wind comes back again in its courses.
7 All the rivers (h)flow into the sea,Yet the sea is not full.To the place where the rivers (i)flow,There they (j)flow again.
7 All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.
7 All the streams flow to the sea,yet the sea is never full.The streams are flowing to the place,and they flow there again.
7 All the rivers flow toward the sea, but the sea is never full; then rivers return to the headwaters where they began.
7 All the rivers flow into the sea,Yet the sea is not full.To the place where the rivers flow,There they flow again.
8 All things are wearisome;Man is not able to tell it.(G)The eye is not satisfied with seeing,Nor is the ear filled with hearing.
8 All things are full of labour; man cannot utter it: the eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.
8 All things(b) are wearisome;man is unable to speak.The eye is not satisfied by seeing(H)or the ear filled with hearing.
8 Everything is wearisome, more than man is able to express. The eye is never satisfied by seeing, nor the ear by hearing.
9 (H)That which has been is that which will be,And that which has been done is that which will be done.So there is nothing new under the sun.
9 The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun.
9 What has been is what will be,and what has been done is what will be done;there is nothing new under the sun.
9 Whatever has happened, will happen again; whatever has been done, will be done again. There is nothing new on earth.
9 That which has been is that which will be [again],And that which has been done is that which will be done again.So there is nothing new under the sun.
10 Is there anything of which one might say,“See this, it is new”?Already it has existed for agesWhich were before us.
10 Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? it hath been already of old time, which was before us.
10 Can one say about anything,“Look, this is new”?It has already existed in the ages before us.
10 Does anything exist about which someone might say, "Look at this! Is this new?" It happened ages ago; it existed before we did.
10 Is there anything of which it can be said,“See this, it is new”?It has already existed for [the vast] ages [of time recorded or unrecorded]Which were before us.
11 There is (I)no remembrance of (k)earlier things;And also of the (l)later things which will occur,There will be for them no remembranceAmong those who will come (m)later still.
11 There is no remembrance of former things; neither shall there be any remembrance of things that are to come with those that shall come after.
11 There is no remembrance of those who(c) came before;(I)and of those who(d) will come afterthere will also be no remembranceby those who follow them.
11 No one remembers those in the past, nor will they be remembered by those who come after them.
11 There is no remembrance of earlier things,Nor also of the later things that are to come;There will be for them no remembranceBy generations who will come after them.
12 I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.
12 I, the Teacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
12 I, the Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
13 And I (K)set my (n)mind to seek and (L)explore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven. It is (o)a grievous (M)task which God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with.
13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith.
13 I applied my mind to seek(K) and explore through wisdom all that is done under heaven.(L) God has given people this miserable task to keep them occupied.(M)
13 I dedicated myself to using wisdom for study and discovery of everything that is done under heaven. God uses terrible things so human beings will struggle with life.
14 I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is (p)(N)vanity and striving after wind.
14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
14 I have seen all the things that are done under the sun and have found everything to be futile, a pursuit of the wind.(f)(N)
14 I observed every activity done on earth. My conclusion: all of it is pointless like chasing after the wind.
14 I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity, a futile grasping and chasing after the wind.
15 That which is crooked cannot be made straight: and that which is wanting cannot be numbered.
15 What is crooked cannot be made straight; what is not there cannot be counted.
15 What is crooked cannot be straightened and what is defective and lacking cannot be counted.
16 I (q)said to myself, “Behold, I have magnified and increased (P)wisdom more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my (r)mind has observed (s)a wealth of wisdom and knowledge.”
16 I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all they that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom and knowledge.
16 I said to myself,(g) “Look, I have amassed wisdom far beyond all those who were over Jerusalem before me,(P) and my mind has thoroughly grasped(h) wisdom and knowledge.”
16 I told myself, "I have become greater and wiser than anyone who ruled before me in Jerusalem yes, I have acquired a great deal of wisdom and knowledge."
16 I spoke with my heart, saying, “Behold, I have acquired great [human] wisdom and experience, more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my mind has observed a wealth of [moral] wisdom and [scientific] knowledge.”
17 And I (Q)set my (t)mind to know wisdom and to (R)know madness and folly; I realized that this also is (S)striving after wind.
17 And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
17 I applied my mind to know wisdom and knowledge,(Q) madness and folly;(R) I learned that this too is a pursuit of the wind.(i)(S)
17 So I dedicated myself to learn about wisdom and knowledge, and about insanity and foolishness. And I discovered that this is also like chasing after the wind.
18 Because (T)in much wisdom there is much grief, and increasing knowledge results in increasing pain.
18 For in much wisdom is much grief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow.
18 For with much wisdom there is much sorrow; the more someone adds to knowledge, the more someone adds to grief.
18 For in much [human] wisdom there is much displeasure and exasperation; increasing knowledge increases sorrow.
Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.
International Standard Version Copyright © 1996-2008 by the ISV Foundation.
King James Version Public Domain
New American Standard Bible Copyright ©1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org