Parallel Verses

King James 2000

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

New American Standard Bible

being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;

King James Version

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Holman Bible

They are darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them and because of the hardness of their hearts.

International Standard Version

They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of their ignorance and hardness of heart.

A Conservative Version

darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the callousness of their heart.

American Standard Version

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their heart;

Amplified

Their moral understanding is darkened and their reasoning is beclouded. [They are] alienated (estranged, self-banished) from the life of God [with no share in it; this is] because of the ignorance (the want of knowledge and perception, the willful blindness) that is deep-seated in them, due to their hardness of heart [to the insensitiveness of their moral nature].

An Understandable Version

Their understanding [of spiritual things] is darkened and excluded from the [spiritual] life that God gives, because of the ignorance in their minds and the stubbornness in their hearts.

Anderson New Testament

darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;

Bible in Basic English

Whose thoughts are dark, to whom the life of God is strange because they are without knowledge, and their hearts have been made hard;

Common New Testament

they are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to the hardness of their heart;

Daniel Mace New Testament

which are overspread with darkness, and averse to a religious life, thro' their innate ignorance and obduracy:

Darby Translation

being darkened in understanding, estranged from the life of God by reason of the ignorance which is in them, by reason of the hardness of their hearts,

Godbey New Testament

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance being in themselves, on account of the blindness of their heart;

Goodspeed New Testament

They are estranged from the life of God because of the ignorance that exists among them and their obstinacy of heart,

John Wesley New Testament

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, by the ignorance that is in them, through the hardness of their hearts:

Jubilee 2000 Bible

having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them because of the blindness of their heart,

Julia Smith Translation

Being darkened in understanding, alienated from the life of God by ignorance being in them, by the hardness of their heart;

Lexham Expanded Bible

being darkened in understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance [that] is in them, because of the hardness of their heart,

Modern King James verseion

having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

blinded in their understanding, being strangers from the life which is in God, through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their hearts.

Moffatt New Testament

their intelligence is darkened, they are estranged from the life of God by the ignorance which their dulness of heart has produced in them ??19 men who have recklessly abandoned themselves to sensuality, with a lust for the business of impurity in every shape and form.

Montgomery New Testament

having their understanding darkened, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts.

NET Bible

They are darkened in their understanding, being alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardness of their hearts.

New Heart English Bible

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts;

Noyes New Testament

having their understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God on account of the ignorance that is in them, on account of the hardness of their hearts;

Sawyer New Testament

with their understandings darkened, alienated from the life of God on account of the ignorance which is in them, on account of the hardness of their hearts,

The Emphasized Bible

Being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God - by reason of the ignorance that existeth within them, by reason of their hearts being turned into stone,

Thomas Haweis New Testament

darkened in understanding; alienated from the life of God through the ignorance which is in them; through the blindness of their hearts:

Twentieth Century New Testament

With their powers of discernment darkened, cut off from the Life of God, owing to the ignorance that prevails among them and to the hardness of their hearts.

Webster

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Weymouth New Testament

with darkened understandings, having by reason of the ignorance which is deep-seated in them and the insensibility of their moral nature, no share in the Life which God gives.

Williams New Testament

with darkened understanding, estranged from the life of God because of the ignorance that exists among them and because of the stubbornness of their hearts;

World English Bible

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts;

Worrell New Testament

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their hearts;

Worsley New Testament

in the vanity of their mind, darkened in their understanding, and alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance that is in them, by reason of the hardness of their heart:

Youngs Literal Translation

being darkened in the understanding, being alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart,

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
σκοτίζω 
Skotizo 
Usage: 6

διάνοια 
Dianoia 
Usage: 11

σκοτίζω 
Skotizo 
Usage: 6

ὤν οὖσα ὄν 
On 
being, when ... was, which is, that is, not tr,
Usage: 128

ἀπαλλοτριόω 
Apallotrioo 
be alienated with , be alien
Usage: 3

the life
ζωή 
Zoe 
Usage: 88

of God
θεός 
theos 
Usage: 1151

διά 
Dia 
by, through, with, for, for ... sake, therefore , for this cause , because,
Usage: 527

the ignorance
G52
ἄγνοια 
Agnoia 
Usage: 4

that is
ὤν οὖσα ὄν 
On 
being, when ... was, which is, that is, not tr,
Usage: 128

in
ἐν 
En 
in, by, with, among, at, on, through,
Usage: 2128


Usage: 0

διά 
Dia 
by, through, with, for, for ... sake, therefore , for this cause , because,
Usage: 527

of the blindness
πώρωσις 
Porosis 
Usage: 3

of their

Usage: 0

Images Ephesians 4:18

Prayers for Ephesians 4:18

Context Readings

Appeal For New Behavior

17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you no longer walk as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, 18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart: 19 Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto licentiousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.


Cross References

Ephesians 2:12

That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

Galatians 4:8

But then, when you knew not God, you did service unto them which by nature are no gods.

1 Thessalonians 4:5

Not in the lust of passion, even as the Gentiles who know not God:

Acts 17:30

And the times of this ignorance God overlooked; but now commands all men everywhere to repent:

Romans 1:21-23

Because, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish hearts were darkened.

Romans 11:25

For I would not, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles comes in.

Psalm 74:20

Have respect unto the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.

Psalm 115:4-8

Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands.

Isaiah 44:18-20

They have not known nor understood: for he has shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Isaiah 46:5-8

To whom will you liken me, and make me equal, and compare me, that we may be alike?

Daniel 5:20

But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him:

Matthew 13:15

For this people's heart has become gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.

Mark 3:5

And when he had looked around at them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he said unto the man, Stretch forth your hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.

John 12:40

He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their hearts; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their hearts, and be converted, and I should heal them.

Acts 26:17-18

Delivering you from the people, and from the Gentiles, unto whom now I send you,

Romans 1:28

And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not proper;

Romans 2:19

And are confident that you yourself are a guide of the blind, a light of them who are in darkness,

Romans 8:7-8

Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

1 Corinthians 1:21

For since in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.

2 Corinthians 3:14

But their minds were blinded: for until this day remains the same veil not taken away in the reading of the old covenant; which veil is done away in Christ.

2 Corinthians 4:4

In whom the god of this age has blinded the minds of them who believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

Colossians 1:21

And you, that were once alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now has he reconciled

James 4:4

You adulterers and adulteresses, know you not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

1 John 2:11

But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, and knows not where he goes, because that darkness has blinded his eyes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.

International Standard Version Copyright © 1996-2008 by the ISV Foundation.

New American Standard Bible Copyright ©1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org

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Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain