1 Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also (A)lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us (B)run with (C)endurance the race that is set before us,
1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,
1 Therefore, since we also have such a large cloud of witnesses(A) surrounding us, let us lay aside every weight and the sin that so easily ensnares us. Let us run with endurance(B) the race that lies before us,
1 Therefore, having so vast a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, and throwing off everything that hinders us and especially the sin that so easily entangles us, let us keep running with endurance the race set before us,
1 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of (a)witnesses [who by faith have testified to the truth of God’s absolute faithfulness], stripping off every unnecessary weight and the sin which so easily and cleverly entangles us, let us run with endurance and active persistence the race that is set before us,
2 (a)fixing our eyes on Jesus, the (b)(D)author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him (E)endured the cross, (F)despising the shame, and has (G)sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
2 keeping our eyes on Jesus,(a) the source and perfecter(b) of our faith, who for the joy that lay before Him(c) endured a cross and despised the shame(C) and has sat down at the right hand of God’s throne.
2 fixing our attention on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of the faith, who, in view of the joy set before him, endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
2 [looking away from all that will distract us and] focusing our eyes on Jesus, who is the Author and Perfecter of faith [the first incentive for our belief and the One who brings our faith to maturity], who for the joy [of accomplishing the goal] set before Him endured the cross, (b)disregarding the shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God [revealing His deity, His authority, and the completion of His work].(A)
3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.
3 Think about the one who endured such hostility from sinners, so that you may not become tired and give up.
3 Just consider and meditate on Him who endured from sinners such bitter hostility against Himself [consider it all in comparison with your trials], so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.
4 Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
4 In struggling against sin, you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding your blood.
4 In your struggle against sin you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding your blood.
4 You have not yet struggled to the point of shedding blood in your striving against sin;
5 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him:
5 And you have forgotten the exhortation that addresses you as sons:My son, do not take the Lord’s discipline lightlyor faint when you are reproved by Him,
5 You have forgotten the encouragement that is addressed to you as sons: "My son, do not think lightly of the Lord's discipline or give up when you are corrected by him.
6 For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
6 For the Lord disciplines the one he loves, and he punishes every son he accepts."
7 If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?
7 Endure suffering as discipline: God is dealing with you as sons. For what son is there that a father does not discipline?
7 What you endure disciplines you: God is treating you as sons. Is there a son whom his father does not discipline?
8 But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons.
8 Now if you are without any discipline, in which all sons share, then you are illegitimate and not God's sons.
8 Now if you are exempt from correction and without discipline, in which all [of God’s children] share, then you are illegitimate children and not sons [at all].
9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?
9 Furthermore, we had earthly fathers who disciplined us, and we respected them for it. We should submit even more to the Father of our spirits and live, shouldn't we?
10 For they verily for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness.
10 For a short time they disciplined us as they thought best, but God does it for our good, so that we may share in his holiness.
10 For our earthly fathers disciplined us for only a short time as seemed best to them; but He disciplines us for our good, so that we may share His holiness.
11 Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.
11 No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. Later on, however, for those who have been trained by it, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace.
11 For the time being no discipline brings joy, but seems sad and painful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness [right standing with God and a lifestyle and attitude that seeks conformity to God’s will and purpose].
12 Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;
12 Therefore, strengthen your tired arms and your weak knees,
13 And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed.
13 and straighten the paths of your life, so that your lameness may not become worse, but instead may be healed.
13 Cut through and make smooth, straight paths for your feet [that are safe and go in the right direction], so that the leg which is lame may not be put out of joint, but rather may be healed.
14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:
14 Pursue peace with everyone, as well as holiness, without which no one will see the Lord.
14 Continually pursue peace with everyone, and the sanctification without which no one will [ever] see the Lord.
15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled;
15 See to it that no one fails to obtain the grace of God and that no bitter root grows up and causes you trouble, or many of you will become defiled.
15 See to it that no one falls short of God’s grace; that no root of resentment springs up and causes trouble, and by it many be defiled;
16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.
16 No one should be immoral or godless like Esau, who sold his birthright for a single meal.
17 For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.
17 For you know that afterwards, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected because he could not find any opportunity to repent, even though he begged to repent with tears.
17 For you know that later on, when he wanted [to regain title to] his inheritance of the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no opportunity for repentance [there was no way to repair what he had done, no chance to recall the choice he had made], even though he sought for it with [bitter] tears.(E)
18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,
18 For you have not come to what could be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, gloom, and storm,
18 You have not come to something that can be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, to gloom,
18 For you have not come [as did the Israelites in the wilderness] to a mountain that can be touched and to a blazing fire, and to gloom and darkness and a raging windstorm,
19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:
19 to the blast of a trumpet, and the sound of words. (Those who heard it begged that not another word be spoken to them,
19 to a trumpet's blast, or to a voice that made the hearers beg that not another word be spoken to them.
20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:
20 For they could not endure the command that was given: "If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be stoned to death."
21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)
21 Indeed, the sight was so terrifying that Moses said, "I am trembling with fear."
22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
22 Instead, you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living God, to the heavenly Jerusalem, to tens of thousands of angels joyfully gathered together,
22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels [in festive gathering],
23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
23 to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, to a judge who is the God of all, to the spirits of righteous people who have been made perfect,
23 and to the general assembly and assembly of the firstborn who are registered [as citizens] in heaven, and to God, who is Judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous (the redeemed in heaven) who have been made perfect [bringing them to their final glory],
24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
24 to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better message than Abel's.
25 (BD)See to it that you do not refuse Him who is (BE)speaking. For (BF)if those did not escape when they (BG)refused him who (BH)warned them on earth, (i)much less will we escape who turn away from Him who (BI)warns from heaven.
25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:
25 Make sure that you do not reject the One who speaks. For if they did not escape when they rejected Him who warned them on earth, even less will we if we turn away from Him who warns us from heaven.(Z)
25 See to it that you do not ignore the one who is speaking. For if the hearers did not escape when they ignored the one who warned them on earth, how much less will we escape if we turn away from the one who is from heaven!
26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.
26 At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, "Once more I will shake not only the earth but also heaven."
27 And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
27 The expression "once more" signifies the removal of what can be shaken, that is, what he has made, so that what cannot be shaken may remain.
28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:
28 Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful and worship God in reverence and fear in a way that pleases him.
28 Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, and offer to God pleasing service and acceptable worship with reverence and awe;
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