Parallel Verses

Darby Translation

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

New American Standard Bible

“Because I know that you are obstinate,
And your neck is an iron sinew
And your forehead bronze,

King James Version

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Holman Bible

Because I know that you are stubborn,
and your neck is iron
and your forehead bronze,

International Standard Version

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and because your neck is an iron sinew, and your forehead is bronze,

A Conservative Version

Because I knew that thou are obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

American Standard Version

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Amplified


“Because I know that you are obstinate,
And your neck is an iron tendon
And your brow is bronze [both unyielding],

Bible in Basic English

Because I saw that your heart was hard, and that your neck was an iron cord, and your brow brass;

Julia Smith Translation

From my knowledge that thou wert hard, and thy neck an iron sinew, and thy forehead of brass:

King James 2000

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow bronze;

Lexham Expanded Bible

because {I know} that you [are] obstinate, and your neck an iron sinew, and your forehead bronze.

Modern King James verseion

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew and your brow bronze.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

Howbeit, I knew that thou art obstinate, and that thy neck hath an iron vein, and thy brow is of brass.

NET Bible

I did this because I know how stubborn you are. Your neck muscles are like iron and your forehead like bronze.

New Heart English Bible

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

The Emphasized Bible

Because I knew that - Obstinate, thou wast, - And, a sinew of iron, was thy neck, And thy brow, brazen,

Webster

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

World English Bible

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

Youngs Literal Translation

From my knowing that thou art obstinate, And a sinew of iron thy neck, And thy forehead brass,

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
דּעת 
Da`ath 
Usage: 91

קשׁה 
Qasheh 
Usage: 36

and thy neck
ערף 
`oreph 
Usage: 35

is an iron
בּרזל 
Barzel 
Usage: 76

גּיד 
Giyd 
Usage: 7

and thy brow
מצח 
metsach 
Usage: 13

References

American

Easton

Fausets

Hastings

Morish

Context Readings

Yahweh Refines Stubborn Israel

3 I have declared the former things long ago; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I caused them to be heard: I wrought suddenly, and they came to pass. 4 Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass, 5 so I have long ago declared them to thee; before they came to pass I caused thee to hear them; lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, or my molten image hath commanded them.


Cross References

Exodus 32:9

And Jehovah said to Moses, I see this people, and behold, it is a stiff-necked people.

Deuteronomy 31:27

for I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck. Lo, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been rebellious against Jehovah; and how much more after my death!

Acts 7:51

O stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Spirit; as your fathers, ye also.

2 Chronicles 36:13

And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him take oath by God; and he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from returning to Jehovah the God of Israel.

Proverbs 29:1

He that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and without remedy.

Exodus 33:3

into a land flowing with milk and honey; for I will not go up in the midst of thee, for thou art a stiff-necked people, lest I consume thee on the way.

Exodus 33:5

Now Jehovah had said to Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiff-necked people: in one moment I will come up into the midst of thee and will consume thee. And now put off thine ornaments from thee, and I will know what I will do unto thee.

Deuteronomy 10:16

Circumcise then the foreskin of your heart, and stiffen your neck no more.

2 Kings 17:14

But they would not hear, and hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, who did not believe in Jehovah their God.

2 Chronicles 30:8

Now, harden not your necks, as your fathers; yield yourselves to Jehovah, and come to his sanctuary, which he has sanctified for ever; and serve Jehovah your God, that the fierceness of his anger may turn away from you.

Nehemiah 9:16-17

But they, our fathers, dealt proudly, and hardened their neck, and hearkened not to thy commandments,

Nehemiah 9:28

But when they had rest, they did evil again before thee; and thou didst leave them in the hand of their enemies, and they had dominion over them; and again they cried unto thee, and thou heardest them from the heavens, and many times didst thou deliver them, according to thy mercies.

Psalm 75:5

Lift not up your horn on high; speak not arrogantly with a stiff neck.

Psalm 78:8

And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation that prepared not their heart, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.

Isaiah 46:12

Hearken unto me, ye stout-hearted, that are far from righteousness:

Jeremiah 3:3

And the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; but thou hast a harlot's forehead, thou refusest to be ashamed.

Jeremiah 5:3

Jehovah, are not thine eyes upon fidelity? Thou hast smitten them, but they are not sore; thou hast consumed them, they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.

Jeremiah 7:26

but they have not hearkened unto me, nor inclined their ear; and they have hardened their neck: they have done worse than their fathers.

Jeremiah 19:15

Thus saith Jehovah of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all her cities all the evil that I have spoken against it; for they have hardened their necks, not to hear my words.

Ezekiel 3:4-9

And he said unto me, Son of man, go, get thee unto the house of Israel, and speak with my words unto them.

Daniel 5:20

But when his heart was lifted up, and his spirit hardened unto presumption, he was deposed from the throne of his kingdom, and they took his glory from him;

Zechariah 7:11-12

But they refused to hearken, and turned a rebellious shoulder, and made their ears heavy, that they should not hear.

Romans 2:5

but, according to thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up to thyself wrath, in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,

Hebrews 3:13

But encourage yourselves each day, as long as it is called To-day, that none of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.

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Word Concordance

King James Version Public Domain

Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.

International Standard Version Copyright © 1996-2008 by the ISV Foundation.

New American Standard Bible Copyright ©1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org

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NET Bible copyright © 1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. NetBible

Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain