Boaz Redeems Ruth

1 And Boaz had gone up [to] the [city] gate and sat there. And look, the redeemer of whom Boaz had spoken [was] passing by. And he said, "Come over here to sit, {friend}." And he came over and sat.

1 Now Boaz went up to the gate and sat down there, and behold, (A)the (a)close relative of whom Boaz spoke was passing by, so he said, “Turn aside, (b)friend, sit down here.” And he turned aside and sat down.

1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down.

1 Boaz went to the gate of the town(A) and sat down there. Soon the family redeemer Boaz had spoken about came by. Boaz called him by name and said, “Come(a) over here and sit down.” So he went over and sat down.

1 Meanwhile, Boaz approached the city gate and sat down there. Just then, the very same related redeemer whom Boaz had mentioned came by, so Boaz called out to him, "Come over and sit down here, my friend!" So the man came over and sat down.

2 And he took ten men from the elders of the city and said, "Sit here." And they sat.

2 He took ten men of the (B)elders of the city and said, “Sit down here.” So they sat down.

2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.

2 Then Boaz took 10 men of the town’s elders(B) and said, “Sit here.” And they sat down.

2 Boaz selected ten of the town elders and spoke to them, "Sit down here." So they sat down

3 And he said to the redeemer, "Naomi, who returned from the countryside [of] Moab, is selling the tract of land which [was] for our brother Elimelech.

3 Then he said to the (c)closest relative, “Naomi, who has come back from the land of Moab, has to sell the piece of land (C)which belonged to our brother Elimelech.

3 And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech's:

3 He said to the redeemer, “Naomi, who has returned from the land of Moab, is selling a piece of land that belonged to our brother Elimelech.(C)

3 and Boaz addressed the related redeemer directly: "A portion of a field belonging to our relative Elimelech is up for sale by Naomi, who recently returned from the country of Moab.

4 And I thought {I would tell you} and say, '{Buy it in the presence of} those sitting and before the elders of my people,' if you want to redeem [it], redeem [it]. But if you do not want to redeem, tell me so that I may know, for there is no one except you to redeem [it], and I [am] after you." And he said, "I want to redeem [it]."

4 So I thought to (d)inform you, saying, ‘(D)Buy it before those who are sitting here, and before the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it; but if (e)not, tell me that I may know; for (E)there is no one but you to redeem it, and I am after you.’” And he said, “I will redeem it.”

4 And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it.

4 I thought I should inform you:(b) Buy it back in the presence of those seated here and in the presence of the elders of my people. If you want to redeem it, do so. But if you do(c) not want to redeem it, tell me so that I will know, because there isn’t anyone other than you to redeem it, and I am next after you.”“I want to redeem it,” he answered.

4 So I thought to myself I ought to tell you that you must make a public purchase of this before the town residents and the elders of my people. So if you intend to act as the related redeemer, then do so. But if not, let me know, because except for you and I after you there is no one to fulfill the duties of a related redeemer." The man responded, "I will act as related redeemer."

5 And Boaz said, "On the day of your acquiring the field from the hand of Naomi, you also acquire Ruth the Moabite, the wife of the dead [man], [in order] to raise up [for] the name of the dead his inheritance."

5 Then Boaz said, “On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also acquire Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of the deceased, in order (F)to raise up the name of the deceased on his inheritance.”

5 Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance.

5 Then Boaz said, “On the day you buy the land from Naomi, you will also acquire(d) Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the deceased man, to perpetuate the man’s name on his property.”(D)

5 Boaz continued, "On the very day you buy the field from Naomi, you're also "buying" Ruth the Moabite woman, the wife of her dead husband, so the family name may be continued as an inheritance."

6 And the redeemer said, "I am not able to redeem for myself, lest I ruin my inheritance. You redeem for yourself my kinsman-redemption, for I am not able to redeem [it]."

6 (G)The (f)closest relative said, “I cannot redeem it for myself, because I would (g)jeopardize my own inheritance. Redeem it for yourself; you may have my right of redemption, for I cannot redeem it.”

6 And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it.

6 The redeemer replied, “I can’t redeem it myself, or I will ruin my own inheritance. Take my right of redemption, because I can’t redeem it.”

6 At this, the nearer related redeemer replied, "Then I am unable to act as related redeemer, because that would complicate my own inheritance. You act instead as the related redeemer, because I cannot do so."

7 (Now this {was the custom in former times} in Israel concerning the kinsman-redemption and transfer of property: to confirm the matter, a man removed his sandal and gave [it] to his fellow countryman. This [was] the manner of attesting in Israel.)

7 Now this was (H)the custom in former times in Israel concerning the redemption and the exchange of land to confirm any matter: a man removed his sandal and gave it to another; and this was the manner of attestation in Israel.

7 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.

7 At an earlier period in Israel, a man removed his sandal(E) and gave it to the other party in order to make any matter legally binding concerning the right of redemption or the exchange of property. This was the method of legally binding a transaction in Israel.

7 During Israel's earlier history, all things concerning redeeming or changing inheritances were confirmed by a man taking off his sandal and giving it to the other party, thereby creating a public record in Israel.

8 So the redeemer said to Boaz, "Acquire [it] for yourself," and he removed his sandal.

8 So the (h)closest relative said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself.” And he removed his sandal.

8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.

8 So the redeemer removed his sandal and said to Boaz, “Buy back the property yourself.”

8 So when the nearer related redeemer told Boaz, "Make the purchase yourself," he then took off his sandal.

9 And Boaz said to the elders and all of the people, "You [are] witnesses today that I have acquired all that [was] for Elimelech and that [was] for Kilion and Mahlon from the hand of Naomi.

9 Then Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses today that I have bought from the hand of Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech and all that belonged to Chilion and Mahlon.

9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi.

9 Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses today that I am buying from Naomi everything that belonged to Elimelech, Chilion, and Mahlon.

9 At this, Boaz addressed the elders and all of the people: "You all are witnesses today that I hereby redeem everything from Naomi that belonged to Elimelech, including what belonged to Chilion and Mahlon,

10 And also Ruth the Moabite, the wife of Mahlon, I have acquired as a wife, to raise up the name of the dead over his inheritance, so that the name of the dead may not be cut off from his relatives and from the gate of his [birth] place. You [are] witnesses today."

10 Moreover, I have acquired Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of Mahlon, to be my wife in order to raise up the name of the deceased on his inheritance, so (I)that the name of the deceased will not be cut off from his brothers or from the (i)court of his birth place; you are witnesses today.”

10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day.

10 I will also acquire Ruth the Moabitess, Mahlon’s widow, as my wife, to perpetuate the deceased man’s name on his property, so that his name will not disappear among his relatives or from the gate of his home. You are witnesses today.”

10 along with Mahlon's wife Ruth the Moabite woman. I will marry her to continue the family name as an inheritance, so that the name of the deceased does not disappear from among his relatives, nor from the public record. You are all witnesses today!"

11 And all of the people who [were] at the gate and the elders said, "[We are] witnesses. May Yahweh make the woman coming into your house as Rachel and as Leah, who {together} built the house of Israel. May you have strength in Ephrathah and bestow a name in Bethlehem.

11 All the people who were in the (j)court, and the elders, said, “We are witnesses. May the Lord make the woman who is coming into your home (J)like Rachel and Leah, both of whom built the house of Israel; and may you achieve (k)wealth in Ephrathah and (l)become famous in Bethlehem.

11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem:

11 The elders and all the people who were at the gate said, “We are witnesses. May the Lord make the woman who is entering your house like Rachel and Leah,(F) who together built the house of Israel. May you be powerful in Ephrathah and famous in Bethlehem.

11 Then all of the assembled people, including the elders who were there, said, "We are witnesses! May the LORD make this woman who enters your house like Rachel and Leah, who together established the house of Israel. May you prosper in Ephrathah, and may you excel in Bethlehem!

12 And may your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah from the offspring that Yahweh will give to you from this young woman."

12 Moreover, may your house be like the house of (K)Perez whom Tamar bore to Judah, through the (m)offspring which the Lord will give you by this young woman.”

12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.

12 May your house become like the house of Perez, the son Tamar bore to Judah,(G) because of the offspring the Lord will give you by this young woman.”

12 Moreover, may your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore for Judah, from the offspring that the LORD gives you from this young woman."

The Lineage Of King David

13 So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. And he went [in] to her, and Yahweh {enabled her to conceive}, and she bore a son.

13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife, and he went in to her. And (L)the Lord (n)enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.

13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.

13 Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. When he was intimate with her, the Lord enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.

13 So Boaz took Ruth to be his wife, and when he had marital relations with her, the LORD made her conceive, and she bore a son.

14 And the women said to Naomi, "Blessed be Yahweh who today {did not leave you without a redeemer}! And may his name be renowned in Israel!

14 Then the (M)women said to Naomi, “Blessed is the Lord who has not left you without a (o)redeemer today, and may his name (p)become famous in Israel.

14 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.

14 Then the women said to Naomi, “Praise the Lord, who has not left you without a family redeemer today. May his name become well known in Israel.

14 Then the women of Bethlehem told Naomi, "May the LORD be blessed, who has not left you today without a related redeemer. May his name become famous throughout Israel!

15 He shall be for you a restorer of life and a sustainer in your old age, for your daughter-in-law who loves you, who [is] better for you than seven sons, has borne him."

15 May he also be to you a restorer of life and a sustainer of your old age; for your daughter-in-law, who loves you (q)(N)and is better to you than seven sons, has given birth to him.”

15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him.

15 He will renew your life and sustain you in your old age. Indeed, your daughter-in-law, who loves you and is better to you than seven sons,(H) has given birth to him.”

15 And he will restore your life for you and will support you in your old age, because your daughter-in-law, who loves you and who has borne him, is better for you than seven sons!"

16 And Naomi took the child and she put him on her bosom and became his nurse.

16 Then Naomi took the child (r)and laid him in her lap, and became his nurse.

16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.

16 Naomi took the child, placed him on her lap, and took care of him.

16 Naomi took care of the child, taking him to her breast and becoming his nurse.

17 And the women of the neighborhood gave him a name, saying, "A son has been born to Naomi." And they called his name Obed. He [was] the father of Jesse, the father of David.

17 The neighbor women gave him a name, saying, “A son has been born to Naomi!” So they named him Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.

17 And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.

17 The neighbor women said, “A son has been born to Naomi,” and they named him Obed.(e) He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.

17 So her women neighbors gave the child a nickname, which is "Naomi has a son!" They named him Obed. He became the father of Jesse, who was the father of David.

David's Genealogy From Judah's Son

18 Now these are the descendants of Perez: Perez fathered Hezron,

18 Now these are the generations of Perez: (O)to Perez (s)was born Hezron,

18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,

18 Now this is the genealogy of Perez:Perez fathered Hezron.

18 This is the genealogy of Perez: Perez fathered Hezron,

19 and Hezron fathered Ram, and Ram fathered Amminadab,

19 and to Hezron was born Ram, and to Ram, Amminadab,

19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,

19 Hezron fathered Ram,(f)who fathered Amminadab.

19 Hezron fathered Ram, and Ram fathered Amminadab.

20 and Amminadab fathered Nahshon, and Nahshon fathered Salmon,

20 and to Amminadab was born Nahshon, and to Nahshon, Salmon,

20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon,

20 Amminadab fathered Nahshon,who fathered Salmon.

20 Amminadab fathered Nahshon, and Nahshon fathered Salmon.

21 and Salmon fathered Boaz, and Boaz fathered Obed,

21 and to Salmon was born Boaz, and to Boaz, Obed,

21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed,

21 Salmon fathered Boaz,who fathered Obed.

21 Salmon fathered Boaz, and Boaz fathered Obed.

22 and Obed fathered Jesse, and Jesse fathered David.

22 and to Obed was born Jesse, and to Jesse, David.

22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.

22 And Obed fathered Jesse,who fathered David.(I)

22 Then Obed fathered Jesse, who fathered David.

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