5 occurrences in 5 dictionaries

Reference: Deputy

Easton

in 1Ki 22:47, means a prefect; one set over others. The same Hebrew word is rendered "officer;" i.e., chief of the commissariat appointed by Solomon (1Ki 4:5, etc.).

In Es 8:9; 9:3 (R.V., "governor") it denotes a Persian prefect "on this side" i.e., in the region west of the Euphrates. It is the modern word pasha.

In Ac 13:7-8,12; 18:12, it denotes a proconsul; i.e., the governor of a Roman province holding his appointment from the senate. The Roman provinces were of two kinds, (1) senatorial and (2) imperial. The appointment of a governor to the former was in the hands of the senate, and he bore the title of proconsul (Gr. anthupatos). The appointment of a governor to the latter was in the hands of the emperor, and he bore the title of propraetor (Gr. antistrategos).

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Fausets

("proconsul" or "propraetor"); Greek anthupatos. The supreme governor of the provinces left by the emperors, still under the Roman senate (Ac 13:7; 19:38, plural for singular). The emperor gave the peaceable provinces to the senate. Over these the senate appointed those who had been praetors; governing only one year; having no power of life and death, not wearing sword or military costume (Dion. Cass., 53:13-14).

Achaia had been imperial, governed by a procurator, but was restored to the senate by Claudius (Tacitus, Annals 1:76; Suet., Claud., 25). So Gallio is rightly named "proconsul" or "deputy" (Ac 18:12). Cyprus after the battle of Actium was an imperial province (Dion. Cuss., 53:12), but five years later was given to the senate and had a deputy; so, Ac 13:7-8,12 is accurate. A coin of Ephesus, in the senate's province of Asia, illustrates the use of "deputies" in Ac 19:38.

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Hastings

1. AV of Es 8:9; 9:3 (RV 'governor') as tr of pech

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Morish

In the O.T. governor of a district. 1Ki 22:47; Es 8:9; 9:3. In the N.T. proconsul, one who acted as governor of a Roman province with consular power. Ac 13:7-8,12; 18:12; 19:38.

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Smith

Deputy.

Ac 13:7-8,12; 19:38

The Greek word signifies proconsul, the title of the Roman governors who were appointed by the senate.

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