(Isa 60:6), an African or Arabian species of camel having only one hump, while the Bactrian camel has two. It is distinguished from the camel only as a trained saddle-horse is distinguished from a cart-horse. It is remarkable for its speed (Jer 2:23). Camels are frequently spoken of in partriarchal times (Ge 12:16; 24:10; 30:43; 31:17, etc.). They were used for carrying burdens (Ge 37:25; Jg 6:5), and for riding (Ge 24:64). The hair of the camel falls off of itself in spring, and is woven into coarse cloths and garments (Mt 3:4). (See Camel.)
DROMEDARY. This name answers to two words in the original, ???, and feminine ????, Isa 60:6; Jer 2:24; and ????????, Es 8:10, "young dromedaries;" probably the name in Persian. The dromedary is a race of camels chiefly remarkable for its prodigious swiftness. The most observable difference between it and the camel is, that it has but one protuberance on the back; and instead of the slow solemn walk to which that animal is accustomed, it will go as far in one day as the camel in three. For this reason it is used to carry messengers where haste is required. The animal is governed by a bridle, which, being usually fastened to a ring fixed in the nose, may very well illustrate the expression, 2Ki 19:28, of turning back Sennacherib by putting a hook into his nose; and may farther indicate his swift retreat.