(3.) Heb sakkin, a knife for any purpose, a table knife (Pr 23:2).
(4.) Heb mahalaph, a butcher's knife for slaughtering the victims offered in sacrifice (Ezr 1:9).
Originally of flakes of stone or flint, which was retained for sacred purposes as circumcision, even after the introduction of bronze, iron, and steel (Ex 4:25; Jos 5:2, margin). The Egyptians never used bronze or steel in preparing the mummies, stone being regarded as purer and more sacred. Used little at meals, but for slaughtering animals and cutting up carcass (Ge 22:6; Le 7:33-34). Also by scribes for making and mending the reed pen (Jer 36:23, "penknife"; see also 1Ki 18:28). (See CIVILIZATION; JOSHUA.)
1. The knives of the Egyptians, and of other nations in early times, were probably only of hard stone, and the use of the flint or stone knife was sometimes retained for sacred purposes after the introduction of iron and steel.
2. In their meals the Jews, like other Orientals, made little use of knives, but they were required both for slaughtering animals, either for food or sacrifice, and for cutting up the carcass.
3. Smaller knives were in use for paring fruit (Josephus) and for sharpening pens.
4. The razor was often used for Nazarite purposes, for which a special chamber was reserved in the temple.
5. The pruning-hooks of
were probably curved knives.
6. The lancets of the priests of Baal were doubtless pointed knives.