region of Gog, the second of the "sons" of Japheth (Ge 10:2; 1Ch 1:5). In Ezekiel (Eze 38:2; 39:6) it is the name of a nation, probably some Scythian or Tartar tribe descended from Japheth. They are described as skilled horsemen, and expert in the use of the bow. The Latin father Jerome says that this word denotes "Scythian nations, fierce and innumerable, who live beyond the Caucasus and the Lake Maeotis, and near the Caspian Sea, and spread out even onward to India." Perhaps the name "represents the Assyrian Mat Gugi, or 'country of Gugu,' the Gyges of the Greeks" (Sayce's Races, etc.).
Ge 10:2; Ezekiel 38-39. A race, like Gomer (the Cimmerians), dwelling in the N. country. Its weapon was the bow, its warriors were all horsemen. Probably the European Scythians, dominant in the region between the Caucasus and Mesopotamia for 30 years from 630 to 600 B.C., who were famous for the bow and fought almost wholly on horseback. They invaded Palestine, and besieged Ascalon under the Egyptian Psamineticus. They appear in Ezekiel inhabiting "the sides (the remote recesses) of the N.," adjacent to Togarmah (Armenia) and the "isles," i.e. maritime regions of Europe (Eze 39:2,8,6; 38:6,15). Connected with Meshech (the Moschi) and Tubal (the Tibarenes).
Their own traditions represent them to have lived first in Asia near the Araxes, afterward to have possessed the whole country to the ocean and lake Maeotis, and the plain to the Tandis or Don. Mixed with the Medes they became the Sarmatians, from whence sprang the Russians. Derived from Sanskrit mah "great" and ghogh "mountain" (Persian). (See for the prophetical sense, etc., (See GOG .) The Syrians in the middle ages applied Magog as a geographical term to Asiatic Turkey; the Arabians applied it to the region between the Caspian and Euxine. Forced by the Massagetae from the N. of Caucasus, they swept down into Asia Minor, took Sardis (629 B.C.), and thence passed into Media and defeated Cyaxares, 624. Their name thus was a terror in the East just before Ezekiel's prophecies, and naturally symbolizes rude violence. Their origin is clearly Japhetic, as Ge 10:2 implies.
The name of a people, enumerated in Ge 10:2 among the 'sons' of Japheth, between Gomer (the Cimmerians) and Madai (the Medes), and mentioned in Eze 38:2 (cf. Eze 39:6) as under the rule of Gog, prince of 'Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal,' who is to lead in the future a great expedition against the restored Israel, from 'the uttermost parts of the north,' and who has among his allies Gomer and Togarmah,
(region of Gog). In
Magog appears as the second son of Japheth; in
it appears as a country or people of which Gog was the prince. The notices of Magog would lead us to fix a northern locality: it is expressly stated by Ezekiel that "he was to come up from the sides of the north,"
from a country adjacent to that of Togarmah or Armenia, ch. 58:6 and not far from "the isles" or maritime regions of Europe. ch.
The people of Magog further appear as having a force of cavalry,
and as armed with the bow. ch.
From the above data, may conclude that Magog represents the important race of the Scythians.
MAGOG. See GOG.