The Restitution Offering
1 “Now this is the law of the restitution offering;(A) it is especially holy. 2 The restitution offering must be slaughtered at the place where the burnt offering(B) is slaughtered, and the priest is to sprinkle its blood on all sides of the altar. 3 The offerer must present all the fat from it: the fat tail,(C) the fat surrounding the entrails,(a) 4 and the two kidneys with the fat on them at the loins; he will also remove the fatty lobe of the liver(D) with the kidneys. 5 The priest will burn them on the altar as a fire offering(E) to the Lord; it is a restitution offering. 6 Any male among the priests may eat it.(F) It is to be eaten in a holy place;(G) it is especially holy.(H)
7 “The restitution offering is like the sin offering;(I) the law is the same for both. It belongs to the priest(J) who makes atonement(K) with it. 8 As for the priest who presents someone’s burnt offering, the hide of the burnt offering he has presented belongs to him; it is the priest’s. 9 Any grain offering(L) that is baked in an oven or prepared in a pan or on a griddle belongs to the priest who presents it; it is his. 10 But any grain offering, whether dry or mixed with oil, belongs equally(b) to all of Aaron’s sons.
The Fellowship Sacrifice
11 “Now this is the law of the fellowship sacrifice(M) that someone may present to the Lord: 12 If he presents it for thanksgiving, in addition to the thanksgiving sacrifice,(c)(N) he is to present unleavened cakes(O) mixed with olive oil, unleavened wafers(P) coated with oil, and well-kneaded cakes of fine flour mixed with oil. 13 He is to present as his offering cakes of leavened bread(d) with his thanksgiving sacrifice of fellowship. 14 From the cakes he must present one portion of each offering as a contribution(Q) to the Lord. It will belong to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the fellowship offering; it is his. 15 The meat of his thanksgiving sacrifice of fellowship must be eaten on the day he offers it;(R) he may not leave any of it until morning.(S)
16 “If the sacrifice he offers is a vow(e)(T) or a freewill offering,(f)(U) it is to be eaten on the day he presents his sacrifice, and what is left over may be eaten on the next day. 17 But what remains of the sacrificial meat by the third day must be burned up.(V) 18 If any of the meat of his fellowship sacrifice is eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted.(W) It will not be credited to the one who presents it; it is repulsive.(X) The person who eats any of it will be responsible for his sin.(g)
19 “Meat that touches anything unclean must not be eaten; it is to be burned up. Everyone who is clean may eat any other meat. 20 But the one who eats meat from the Lord’s fellowship sacrifice while he is unclean,(h) that person must be cut off from his people.(Y) 21 If someone touches anything unclean, whether human uncleanness, an unclean animal, or any unclean, detestable(i)(Z) creature, and eats meat from the Lord’s fellowship sacrifice, that person must be cut off from his people.”
Fat and Blood Prohibited
22 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23 “Tell the Israelites: You are not to eat any fat(AA) of an ox, a sheep, or a goat. 24 The fat of an animal that dies naturally or is mauled by wild beasts(j)(AB) may be used for any purpose, but you must not eat it.(AC) 25 If anyone eats animal fat from a fire offering presented to the Lord, the person who eats it must be cut off from his people. 26 Wherever you live, you must not eat the blood(AD) of any bird or animal. 27 Whoever eats any blood, that person must be cut off from his people.”
The Portion for the Priests
28 The Lord spoke to Moses: 29 “Tell the Israelites: The one who presents a fellowship sacrifice to the Lord must bring an offering to the Lord from his sacrifice. 30 His own hands will bring the fire offerings to the Lord. He will bring the fat together with the breast. The breast is to be waved as a presentation offering(AE) before the Lord. 31 The priest is to burn the fat on the altar, but the breast belongs to Aaron and his sons. 32 You are to give the right thigh(AF) to the priest as a contribution from your fellowship sacrifices. 33 The son of Aaron who presents the blood of the fellowship offering and the fat will have the right thigh as a portion. 34 I have taken from the Israelites the breast of the presentation offering and the thigh of the contribution from their fellowship sacrifices, and have assigned them to Aaron the priest and his sons as a permanent portion(k)(AG) from the Israelites.”
35 This is the portion from the fire offerings to the Lord for Aaron and his sons(AH) since the day they were presented to serve the Lord as priests. 36 The Lord commanded this to be given to them by the Israelites on the day He anointed them.(AI) It is a permanent portion(l) throughout their generations.
37 This is the law for the burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the restitution offering, the ordination offering,(AJ) and the fellowship sacrifice, 38 which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai(AK) on the day He(m) commanded the Israelites to present their offerings to the Lord in the Wilderness of Sinai.(AL)
a. Leviticus 7:3: LXX, Sam add and all the fat that is on the entrails; Lv 3:3,9,14; 4:8
b. Leviticus 7:10: Lit oil, will be a man like his brother
c. Leviticus 7:12: The thanksgiving sacrifice is the first of three kinds of fellowship sacrifices. It was given to express gratitude to God (Jr 33:11) in circumstances such as answered prayer (Ps 50:14-15) or safe travel (Ps 107:22-25).
d. Leviticus 7:13: Although yeast was prohibited from being burned on the altar (Lv 2:11), leavened bread could still be an offering (Lv 23:17-20) to be eaten by the priests and their families.
e. Leviticus 7:16: The vow offering, the second category of fellowship sacrifice, was brought as an expression of gratitude to fulfill a vow; Gn 28:20; 2Sm 15:7-8; Pr 7:14.
f. Leviticus 7:16: The freewill offering, the third category of fellowship sacrifice, was a voluntary expression of gratitude toward God for any reason; Dt 16:10; Ps 54:6.
g. Leviticus 7:18: Or will bear his guilt
h. Leviticus 7:20: Lit while his uncleanness is upon him
i. Leviticus 7:21: Some Hb mss, Sam, Syr, Tg read swarming
j. Leviticus 7:24: Lit fat of a carcass or the fat of a mauled beast
k. Leviticus 7:34: Or statute
l. Leviticus 7:36: Or statute
m. Leviticus 7:38: Or he
B. Leviticus 7:2: Genesis 22:2; Leviticus 3:5; Numbers 6:11; Joshua 8:31; 1 Chronicles 16:1; Psalm 20:3
Z. Leviticus 7:21: Leviticus 11:10-13; Leviticus 11:20; Leviticus 11:23; Leviticus 11:41-42; Isaiah 66:17; Ezekiel 8:10
AC. Leviticus 7:24: Exodus 22:31; Leviticus 3:17; Leviticus 17:15; Leviticus 22:8; Deuteronomy 14:21; Ezekiel 4:14; Ezekiel 44:31
AG. Leviticus 7:34: Exodus 29:28; Exodus 30:21; Leviticus 6:11; Leviticus 6:15; Leviticus 10:15; Leviticus 24:9; Numbers 18:8; Numbers 18:11; Numbers 18:19; Jeremiah 5:22