Reference: Arabia, Arabs
In the present article we have to do not with the part played by the Arabs in history, or with the geography of the Arabian peninsula, but only with the emergence of the Arab name and people in Bible times.
And when we passed by away from our brethren the children of Esau, who dwelt in Seir, through the way of the plain from Elath, and from Eziongeber, we turned and passed by the way of the wilderness of Moab.
Also some of the Philistines brought Jehoshaphat presents, and tribute silver; and the Arabians brought him flocks, seven thousand and seven hundred rams, and seven thousand and seven hundred male goats.
And God helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians that dwelt in Gur-baal, and the Mehunites.
But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they laughed at us, and despised us, and said, What is this thing that you do? will you rebel against the king?
And it came to pass, that when all our enemies heard of it, and all the nations that were about us saw these things, they were much cast down in their own eyes: for they perceived that this work was done by our God.
Behold, as wild donkeys in the desert, go they forth to their work; rising early for a prey: the wilderness yields food for them and for their children.
Whose house I have made the wilderness, and the barren land his dwellings.
It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch his tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their sheepfolds there.
The burden concerning Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall you lodge, O you traveling companies of Dedanites.
The wilderness and the dry land shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose.
Lift up your eyes unto the high places, and see where you have not been lain with. In the ways have you sat for them, as the Arabian in the wilderness; and you have polluted the land with your harlotries and with your wickedness.
And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mixed people that dwell in the desert,
Arabia, and all the princes of Kedar, they traded with you in lambs, and rams, and goats: in these were they your merchants.
Cretans and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them who were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus.