1. 'Sarai' is the form used previous to Ge 17:15, and 'Sarah' afterwards, in harmony with the change of name there narrated (by Priestly Narrative). It is probable that there is no real significance in the change, -ai being an old feminine ending found in Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic, while -ah is the common feminine ending. Sarah means 'princess.' The occurrence of the name Sa-ra-a-a in an Assyrian letter (K 1274) adds no definite information. Sarah was the wife of Abraham, and also his half-sister (Ge 12:13; 20:12); her parentage is not given further. She was taken as wife by the king of Egypt and also by Abimelech king of Gerar, and afterwards restored to Abraham (Ge 12:10-20,20). The former incident is in Jahwist, the latter in E; they may be different versions of the same story. The statement that she was at least 65 years old at this time (Ge 12:4; cf. Ge 17:17) seems inconsistent with these incidents, and especially with the statement concerning her beauty (Ge 12:11). It is to be remembered, however, that the dates belong to P. Sarah was long barren, but finally Isaac was born after supernatural intervention, when she was 90 years old (Ge 21:1-7 Priestly Narrative). Through jealousy Sarah illtreated Hagar, her handmaid, the concubine of Abraham, and finally drove her away with her son Ishmael (Ge 16; 21:8-21). The incident is in harmony with the regulations of the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi (
And Abram went as the LORD bade him, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy five years old, when he went out of Haran.
After this there came a dearth in the land. And Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there, for the dearth was sore in the land. And when he was come nigh for to enter into Egypt, he said unto Sarai his wife, "Behold, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon.
And when he was come nigh for to enter into Egypt, he said unto Sarai his wife, "Behold, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon. It will come to pass, therefore, when the Egyptians see thee, that they will say, 'she is his wife.' And so shall they slay me and save thee. read more. Say, I pray thee therefore, that thou art my sister; that I may fare the better by reason of thee, and that my soul may live for thy sake."
Say, I pray thee therefore, that thou art my sister; that I may fare the better by reason of thee, and that my soul may live for thy sake." As soon as he came into Egypt, the Egyptians saw the woman that she was very fair. read more. And Pharaoh's lords saw her also, and praised her unto Pharaoh, so that she was taken into Pharaoh's house; which entreated Abram well for her sake, so that he had sheep, oxen and he-asses, men servants, maid servants, she-asses and camels. But God plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues, because of Sarai, Abram's wife. Then Pharaoh called Abram and said, "Why hast thou thus dealt with me? Wherefore toldest thou me not that she was thy wife? Why saidest thou that she was thy sister, and causedest me to take her to my wife? But now, lo, there is thy wife: take her and be walking." Pharaoh also gave a charge unto his men over Abram, to lead him out, with his wife and all that he had.
Pharaoh also gave a charge unto his men over Abram, to lead him out, with his wife and all that he had.
And God said unto Abraham, "Sarai, thy wife, shall no more be called Sarai: but Sara shall her name be.
And Abraham fell upon his face and laughed, and said in his heart, "Shall a child be born unto him that is a hundred years old? And shall Sara, that is ninety years old, bear?"
yet in very deed she is my sister, the daughter of my father, but not of my mother: and became my wife.
The LORD visited Sara as he had said, and did unto her according as he had spoken. And Sara was with child and bare Abraham a son in his old age, even the same season which the LORD had appointed. read more. And Abraham called his son's name that was born unto him, which Sara bare him, Isaac: and Abraham circumcised Isaac his son when he was eight days old, as God commanded him. And Abraham was a hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him. And Sara said, "God hath made me a laughingstock: for all that hear, will laugh at me." She said also, "Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sara should have given children suck, or that I should have borne him a son in his old age?"
And he fainted not in the faith, nor yet considered his own body, which was now dead, even when he was almost a hundred years old: neither yet that Sara was past childbearing.
For this is a word of promise, "About this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son."
Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law: have ye not heard of the law?
Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and wrap not yourselves again in the yoke of bondage.
Through faith Sarah also received strength to be with child, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful which had promised.