gnoosis, rather "knowledge falsely so-called" (1Ti 6:20). There was a true "knowledge," a charism or "gift" of the Spirit, abused by some (1Co 8:1; 12:8; 13:2; 14:6). This was counterfeited by false teachers, as preeminently and exclusively theirs (Col 2:8,18,23). Hence arose creeds, "symbols" (sumbola), i.e. watchwords whereby the orthodox might distinguish one another from the heretical; traces of such a creed appear in 1Ti 3:16; 2Ti 1:13-14.
The germs of the pretended gnoosis were not developed into full blown gnosticism until the second century. True knowledge (epignoosis, "full accurate knowledge") Paul valued (Php 1:9; Col 2:3; 3:10). He did not despise, but utilizes, secular knowledge (Php 4:8; Ac 17:28, etc.); and the progress made in many of the sciences as well as in the arts (as in that of design, manifested in the vases and other works of that description), was evidently very great.
The word 'science' occurs in AV only twice (Da 1:4; 1Ti 6:20), and in both places it simply means 'knowledge'; as in Barlowe's Dialoge, p. 109, 'There is no truthe, no mercye, nor scyence of god in the yerth.'
Both in the Hebrew and in the Greek the words signify 'knowledge,' and are generally so translated. They are rendered 'science' only in Da 1:4, where 'knowledge' and 'wisdom' are also mentioned; and in 1Ti 6:20, where it is science, or knowledge, 'falsely so called,' doubtless alluding in Daniel to the speculations of the Magi, and in the Epistle to Timothy to the philosophers or Gnostic heretics, whose 'knowledge' had no real foundation.