'Census' in the Bible
“When you take a census of the Israelites to register them, each of the men must pay a ransom for himself to the Lord as they are registered. Then no plague will come on them as they are registered.
“Take a census of the entire Israelite community by their clans and their ancestral houses, counting the names of every male one by one.
“Do not register or take a census of the tribe of Levi with the other Israelites.
“Among the Levites, take a census of the Kohathites by their clans and their ancestral houses,
“Take a census of the Gershonites also, by their ancestral houses and their clans.
Your corpses will fall in this wilderness—all of you who were registered in the census, the entire number of you 20 years old or more—because you have complained about Me.
“Take a census of the entire Israelite community by their ancestral houses of those 20 years old or more who can serve in Israel’s army.”
“Take a census of those 20 years old or more, as the Lord had commanded Moses and the Israelites who came out of the land of Egypt.”
and told him, “Your servants have taken a census of the fighting men under our command, and not one of us is missing.
David’s conscience troubled him after he had taken a census of the troops. He said to the Lord, “I have sinned greatly in what I’ve done. Now, Lord, because I’ve been very foolish, please take away Your servant’s guilt.”
Then Joash said to the priests, “All the dedicated money brought to the Lord’s temple, census money, money from vows, and all money voluntarily given for the Lord’s temple,
Joab son of Zeruiah began to count them, but he didn’t complete it. There was wrath against Israel because of this census, and the number was not entered in the Historical Record of King David.
Solomon took a census of all the foreign men in the land of Israel, after the census that his father David had conducted, and the total was 153,600.