The Holiness of the Priests
1 The Lord said to Moses: “Speak to Aaron’s sons, the priests, and tell them: A priest is not to make himself ceremonially unclean for a dead person among his relatives,(A) 2 except for his immediate family: his mother, father, son, daughter, or brother. 3 He may make himself unclean for his young unmarried sister in his immediate family. 4 He is not to make himself unclean for those related to him by marriage(a) and so defile himself.
5 “Priests may not make bald spots on their heads, shave the edge of their beards, or make gashes on their bodies.(B) 6 They are to be holy to their God and not profane the name of their God.(C) For they present the fire offerings to Yahweh, the food of their God, and they must be holy. 7 They are not to marry a woman defiled by prostitution.(b)(D) They are not to marry one divorced(E) by her husband, for the priest is holy to his God. 8 You are to consider him holy since he presents the food of your God. He will be holy to you because I, Yahweh who sets you apart, am holy. 9 If a priest’s daughter defiles herself by promiscuity,(c)(F) she defiles her father; she must be burned up.(G)
10 “The priest who is highest among his brothers, who has had the anointing oil poured on his head and has been ordained(d) to wear the garments, must not dishevel his hair(e) or tear his garments.(H) 11 He must not go near any dead person or make himself unclean even for his father or mother.(I) 12 He must not leave the sanctuary or he will desecrate the sanctuary of his God, for the consecration of the anointing oil of his God is on him;(J) I am Yahweh.
13 “He is to marry a woman who is a virgin. 14 He is not to marry a widow,(K) a divorced woman,(L) or one defiled by prostitution. He is to marry a virgin from his own people, 15 so that he does not corrupt his bloodline(f) among his people, for I am Yahweh who sets him apart.”
Physical Defects and Priests
16 The Lord spoke to Moses: 17 “Tell Aaron: None of your descendants throughout your generations who has a physical defect(M) is to come near to present the food(N) of his God. 18 No man who has any defect is to come near: no man who is blind, lame, facially disfigured, or deformed; 19 no man who has a broken foot or hand, 20 or who is a hunchback or a dwarf,(g)(O) or who has an eye defect, a festering rash, scabs,(P) or a crushed testicle.(Q) 21 No descendant of Aaron the priest who has a defect is to come near to present the fire offerings to the Lord. He has a defect and is not to come near to present the food of his God. 22 He may eat the food of his God from what is especially holy as well as from what is holy. 23 But because he has a defect, he must not go near the curtain(R) or approach the altar. He is not to desecrate My sanctuaries, for I am Yahweh who sets them apart.”(S) 24 Moses said this to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites.
a. Leviticus 21:4: Lit unclean a husband among his people
b. Leviticus 21:7: Or a prostitute or a defiled woman
c. Leviticus 21:9: Or prostitution
d. Leviticus 21:10: Lit and one has filled his hand
e. Leviticus 21:10: Or not uncover his head
f. Leviticus 21:15: Lit not profane his seed
g. Leviticus 21:20: Or or emaciated
E. Leviticus 21:7: Deuteronomy 22:19; Deuteronomy 22:29; Deuteronomy 24:1; Deuteronomy 24:3; Malachi 2:16; Matthew 1:19; Matthew 5:31-32; Matthew 19:3-9
O. Leviticus 21:20: Genesis 41:3-4; Genesis 41:6-7; Genesis 41:23-24; Exodus 16:14; Leviticus 13:30; Leviticus 16:12; Isaiah 29:5; Isaiah 40:15; Isaiah 40:22