A city of Syria, in the country of Hamath, at the north-east extremity of Canaan, Nu 34:11. Its site is probably found in the modern village Ribleh, on the river Orontes, at the northern end of the great valley of Lebanon, El-Bukaa.. Through this valley, by way of Hamath and Riblah, was the readiest access to Palestine from the north. At Riblah king Jehoahaz was taken and deposed by Pharaoh-necho; here also Nebuchadnezzar established his headquarters when warring against Judah, 2Ki 23:33; 25:6,20-21; Jer 39:5; 52:10.
fruitful, an ancient town on the northern frontier of Palestine, 35 miles north-east of Baalbec, and 10 or 12 south of Lake Homs, on the eastern bank of the Orontes, in a wide and fertile plain. Here Nebuchadnezzar had his head-quarters in his campaign against Jerusalem, and here also Necho fixed his camp after he had routed Josiah's army at Megiddo (2Ki 23:29-35; 25:6,20-21; Jer 39:5; 52:10). It was on the great caravan road from Palestine to Carchemish, on the Euphrates. It is described (Nu 34:11) as "on the eastern side of Ain." A place still called el Ain, i.e., "the fountain", is found in such a position about 10 miles distant. (See Jerusalem.)
1. A landmark on the eastern border of Israel (Nu 34:11), between Shepham and the sea of Cinneroth, on the "E. side of the spring." Probably, without the vowel points and the final -ah of motion towards, the true name is Harbel "the Mount of Bel" or "Baal". Jg 3:3, "Har-Baal-Hermon", Septuagint reads Ar-bela, which confirms Harbel; the summit of Hermon, the southernmost and highest peak of Antilibanus, 10,000 ft. high, overtopping every mountain in Palestine.
The ruins of a Baal sanctuary still remain on it. However, "go down from Shepham to Riblah" seemingly implies Riblah was lower; therefore Riblah was probably one of the many sanctuaries with which the sides, as well as the summit, of Hermon were covered. The landmark of Jg 3:3 would be unlikely to he omitted in Nu 34:11. The "spring" or "fountain" (Ain), E. of which was Riblah, was probably, as Jerome and the later targums understood it, the fountain of the Jordan. The two most celebrated sources of Jordan, Daphne and Paneas, are in the plain at the S.W. foot of Hermon; streams from the western slopes of the mountain feed the longest branch of the river.
2. Riblah or Riblathah in the land of Hamath, on the high road between Palestine and Babylon, where the Babylonian kings remained in directing the operations of their armies in Palestine and Phoenicia; where Jehoahaz was put in chains by Pharaoh Necho (2Ki 23:33), and Zedekiah, after seeing his sons slain, had his own eyes put out (Jer 39:5-7; literally, Jer 39:9-10), and other leading captives were slain, probably by the Assyrian death of impaling (Jer 39:18,18), as depicted on the monuments.
Still called Ribleh, on the right bank of the Orontes (Asy), 30 miles N.E. of Baalbek; consisting of 40 or 50 houses and the remains of a quadrangular building. In the midst of a vast and fertile plain, stretching in all directions save S.W., and on a mountain stream; an admirable encampment for the Egyptian and Babylonian hosts. The curious Kamoa el Hermel is visible from Riblah, a pyramidal top resting on a quadrilateral building in two stories. It is on a high mound several miles higher up the Orontes than Riblah. The lower story has figures of dogs, stags, and hunting instruments. From Riblah the roads were open by the Euphrates to Nineveh, or by Palmyra to Babylon, by the S. of Lebanon and the coast to Palestine and Egypt, or through the Bekaa and Jordan valley to the center of Palestine.
1. An important town (mod. Ribleh) and military station on the eastern bank of the Orontes, 50 miles S. of Hamath. It is mentioned in the Bible only in the literature of the Chald
1. Place apparently on the eastern boundary of Palestine. Nu 34:11. Not identified.
2. City in the land of Hamath, where Pharaoh-nechoh imprisoned Jehoahaz, and whence the king of Babylon carried Zedekiah, when he slew his sons and the priests and chief men of Judah. 2Ki 23:33; 25:6-7,20-21; Jer 39:5-6; 52:9-10,26-27. Identified with Ribleh, 34 28' N, 36 31' E.
(fertility), One of the landmarks on the eastern boundary of the land of Israel, as specified by Moses.
It seems hardly possible, without entirely disarranging the specification or the boundary, that the Riblah in question can be the same with the following.
2. Riblah in the land of Hamath, a place on the great road between Palestine and Babylonia, at which the kings of Babylonia were accustomed to remain while directing the operations of their armies in Palestine and Phoenicia. Here Nebuchadnezzer waited while the sieges of Jerusalem and of Tyre were being conducted by his lieutenants.
In like manner Pharaoh-necho after his victory over the Babylonians at Carchemish, returned to Riblah and summoned Jehoahaz from Jerusalem before him.
This Riblah still retains its ancient name, on the right (east) bank of the el-Asy (Orontes) upon the great road which connects Baalbek and Hums, about 36 miles northeast of the former end 20 miles southwest of the latter place.