1 After Jesus had said these things He went out with His disciples across the Kidron valley. [Note: This was a "wadi," or dry creek bed which carried a torrent of water during the rainy season. It ran parallel with the east wall of Jerusalem, between the city and the Mount of Olives]. There was an [olive] orchard there and Jesus and His disciples went into it.
1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.
1 After Jesus had said all of this, he went with his disciples across the Kidron valley to a place where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered.
2 Now Judas, who [was soon to] turn Jesus over [to the Jewish authorities] also knew where this place was, for Jesus had frequently met there with His disciples.
2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples.
2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, because Jesus often met there with his disciples.
3 So, Judas took a detachment of [Roman] soldiers and some [Temple] guards sent from the leading priests and Pharisees, and carrying lanterns, torches and weapons, they went to the orchard.
3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.
3 So Judas took a detachment of soldiers and some officers from the high priests and the Pharisees and went there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
4 Since Jesus knew everything that was going to happen to Him, He went out and said to them, "Who are you men looking for?"
4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?
4 Then Jesus, knowing everything that was going to happen, went forward and asked them, "Who are you looking for?"
5 They answered Him, "Jesus, from Nazareth." Jesus replied to them, "I am [He]." Judas, who was turning Him over [to the Jewish authorities] was standing there with them also.
5 They answered Him, “Jesus the Nazarene.” He *said to them, “I am He.” And Judas also, who was betraying Him, was standing with them.
5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.
5 They answered him, "Jesus from Nazareth." Jesus told them, "I AM." Judas, the man who betrayed him, was standing with them.
6 Now when Jesus had said to them, "I am [He]," they [all] moved backward and fell to the ground. [Note: This appears to have been done by some miraculous power].
6 So when He said to them, “I am He,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
6 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.
6 When He told them, “I am He,” they stepped back and fell to the ground.
6 When Jesus told them, "I AM," they backed away and fell to the ground.
7 So, He asked them again, "Who are you looking for?" And they answered, "Jesus, from Nazareth."
7 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.
7 Then He asked them again, “Who is it you’re looking for?”“Jesus the Nazarene,” they said.
7 So he asked them again, "Who are you looking for?" They said, "Jesus from Nazareth."
8 Jesus said to them, "I [already] told you that I am [He]; so if you are looking for me, let these men [i.e., the apostles] go."
8 Jesus answered, “I told you that I am He; so if you seek Me, let these go their way,”
8 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:
8 “I told you I am He,” Jesus replied. “So if you’re looking for Me, let these men go.”
8 Jesus replied, "I told you that I am the one, so if you are looking for me, let these men go."
9 [He said this] so the words He had spoken [previously] would be fulfilled [See 17:12], "I did not lose any of those men you [i.e., God] gave me."
9 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.
9 This was to fulfill what he had said, "I did not lose a single one of those you gave me."
10 So, Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it out and struck the head priest's slave, cutting off his right ear. Now the slave's name was Malchus.
10 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.
10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.
11 Then Jesus said to Peter, "Put your sword back in its sheath. Should I not drink the cup [i.e., of suffering] the Father has given me?"
11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?
11 Jesus told Peter, "Put your sword back into its sheath. Shouldn't I drink the cup that the Father has given me?"
12 So, the detachment of [Roman] soldiers, their commanding officer and the Jewish [Temple] guards arrested Jesus and tied Him up.
12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
12 Then the company of soldiers, the commander, and the Jewish temple police arrested Jesus and tied Him up.
12 Then the soldiers, along with their commander and the Jewish officers, arrested Jesus and tied him up.
13 They led Him to Annas first [Note: This man was a former head priest. See Luke 3:2], for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was head priest that year.
13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
13 First they brought him to Annas, because he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.
14 Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was profitable for one man to die for the people. [See 11:50].
14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
14 Caiaphas was the person who had advised the Jews that it was better to have one man die for the people.
15 Simon Peter followed along with another disciple. [Note: Some think this refers to the apostle John himself, but there is no strong evidence in favor of that conclusion]. Now that disciple was [well-] known to the head priest, so was able to enter his courtyard with Jesus
15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
15 Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Since the other disciple was known to the high priest, he accompanied Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest.
16 while Peter stood outside at the gate. So, the other disciple, who was [well-] known to the head priest, went outside and spoke to the girl gatekeeper, [who] then brought Peter inside [too].
16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.
16 But Peter remained standing outside by the door. So the other disciple, the one known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the girl who was the doorkeeper and brought Peter in.
16 Peter, however, stood outside the gate. So this other disciple who was known to the high priest went out and spoke to the gatekeeper and brought Peter inside.
17 So, the slave-girl gatekeeper asked Peter, "Are you not one of this man's disciples, too?" "[No], I am not," Peter replied.
17 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not.
17 Then the slave girl who was the doorkeeper said to Peter, “You aren’t one of this man’s disciples too, are you?”“I am not!” he said.
17 The young woman at the gate asked Peter, "You aren't one of this man's disciples, too, are you?" "I am not," he replied.
18 Now the [head priest's] slaves and the [Temple] guards were standing around a charcoal fire they had made to warm themselves by, because it was cold. And Peter was also warming himself with them.
18 Now the slaves and the (Z)officers were standing there, having made (AA)a charcoal fire, for it was cold and they were (AB)warming themselves; and Peter was also with them, standing and warming himself.
18 And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.
18 Now the slaves and the temple police had made a charcoal fire, because it was cold. They were standing there warming themselves, and Peter was standing with them, warming himself.
18 Meanwhile, the servants and officers were standing around a charcoal fire they had built and were warming themselves because it was cold. Peter was also standing with them, keeping himself warm.
19 Meanwhile, the head priest asked Jesus about His disciples and His teaching. [Note: This was probably Annas, the former "head priest" who later sent Jesus to the current head priest, Caiaphas. See verse 24].
19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.
19 Then the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about his own teaching.
20 Jesus answered him, "I have spoken publicly to the world; I always taught in the synagogues and in the Temple, where all the Jews assemble. I have never said anything in secret.
20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
20 “I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus answered him. “I have always taught in the synagogue(S) and in the temple complex,(T) where all the Jews congregate, and I haven’t spoken anything in secret.
20 Jesus answered him, "I have spoken publicly to the world. I have always taught in the synagogue or in the Temple, where all Jews meet together, and I have said nothing in secret.
21 Why are you asking me? Ask the people who have heard me about what I said to them. Look, these people know what I said."
21 Why do you question Me? Question those who have heard what I spoke to them; they know what I said.”
21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.
21 Why do you question Me? Question those who heard what I told them. Look, they know what I said.”
21 Why do you question me? Question those who heard what I said. These are the people who know what I said."
22 When Jesus said this, one of the guards standing there struck Him [in the face], saying, "Is that any way to talk to the head priest?"
22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?
22 When He had said these things, one of the temple police standing by slapped Jesus, saying, “Is this the way you answer the high priest?”
22 When he said this, one of the officers standing nearby slapped Jesus on the face and demanded, "Is that any way to answer the high priest?"
23 Jesus answered him, "If I have said anything wrong, tell me what it was. But if [I spoke] properly, why did you hit me?"
23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
23 Jesus answered him, "If I have said anything wrong, tell me what it was. But if I have told the truth, why do you hit me?"
24 So, Annas had Him tied up and sent Him [on] to Caiaphas, the head priest.
24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.
24 Then Annas sent him, with his hands tied, to Caiaphas the high priest.
25 Now Simon Peter had been standing and warming himself [by the outdoor charcoal fire]. So, someone asked him, "Are you not one of His disciples, too?" Peter denied it, saying, "[No], I am not."
25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.
25 Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They said to him, “You aren’t one of His disciples too, are you?”He denied it and said, “I am not!”
25 Meanwhile, Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. Some people asked him, "You aren't one of his disciples, too, are you?" He denied it by saying, "I am not!"
26 One of the head priest's slaves, who was a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, said, "Did I not see you in the orchard with him?"
26 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?
26 One of the high priest’s slaves, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, said, “Didn’t I see you with Him in the garden?”
26 Then one of the high priest's servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, said, "I saw you in the garden with Jesus, didn't I?"
27 So, Peter denied it again, and immediately the rooster crowed.
27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.
27 Peter again denied it, and immediately a rooster crowed.
28 Then, early in the morning they led Jesus from Caiaphas to [governor Pilate's] headquarters. But the Jewish authorities would not enter it, because [if they had] they would have become ceremonially unclean, and could not eat the Passover meal. [Note: This was because they regarded a Gentile house as defiling].
28 (AR)Then they *led Jesus from (AS)Caiaphas into (AT)the (h)Praetorium, and it was early; and they themselves did not enter into (AU)the (i)Praetorium so that (AV)they would not be defiled, but might eat the Passover.
28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.
28 Then(Y) they took Jesus from Caiaphas to the governor’s headquarters.(Z) It was early morning. They did not enter the headquarters themselves; otherwise they would be defiled and unable to eat the Passover.
28 Then Jesus was led from Caiaphas to the governor's headquarters early in the morning. The Jews did not go into the headquarters, to avoid becoming unclean and unable to eat the Passover meal.
29 So, Pilate went outside to them and asked, "What charge do you bring against this man?"
29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?
29 So Pilate came out to them and asked, "What accusation are you bringing against this man?"
30 The Jewish authorities answered Pilate, "If this man were not guilty of wrongdoing, we would not have turned him over to you."
30 They answered and said to him, “If this Man were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered Him to you.”
30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.
30 They answered him, "If he weren't a criminal, we wouldn't have handed him over to you."
31 So, Pilate said to them, "Take him yourselves and judge him according to your [own] law." [But] the Jews replied to him, "It is not permissible for us to put anyone to death."
31 So Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves, and judge Him according to your law.” The Jews said to him, “We are not permitted to put anyone to death,”
31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:
31 Pilate told them, "You take him and try him according to your Law."
32 [They said this] so that the words Jesus had spoken would be fulfilled, regarding the kind of death He would die. [Note: Jesus had predicted he would be "lifted up," indicating a Roman crucifixion. See 12:32-33].
32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.
32 The Jewish leaders told him, "It is not legal for us to put anyone to death." This was to fulfill what Jesus had said when he indicated the kind of death he was to die.
33 So, Pilate went back into his headquarters and called for Jesus. He said to Him, "Are you the King of the Jews?"
33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?
33 So Pilate went back into the governor's headquarters, summoned Jesus, and asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?"
34 Jesus answered, "Are you saying this of your own accord, or did other people tell you about me?"
34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?
34 Jesus answered, “Are you asking this on your own, or have others told you about Me?”
34 Jesus replied, "Are you asking this on your own initiative, or did others tell you about me?"
35 Pilate answered, "Am I a Jew? Your own people and the leading priests turned you over to me. What have you done?"
35 Pilate answered, “I am not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests delivered You to me; what have You done?”
35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?
35 “I’m not a Jew, am I?” Pilate replied. “Your own nation and the chief priests handed You over to me. What have You done?”
35 Pilate replied, "I am not a Jew, am I? It is your own nation and high priests who have handed you over to me. What have you done?"
36 Jesus answered him, "My kingdom does not belong to this world. If it did, then my servants [i.e., disciples] would fight to keep me from being turned over to the Jews. But now my kingdom does not belong here." [i.e., Jesus' kingdom was not based on physical, but spiritual principles].
36 Jesus answered, “(BA)My kingdom (k)is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, then My servants would be fighting so that I would not be handed over to the Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not (l)of this realm.”
36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.
36 “My kingdom(AE) is not of this world,” said Jesus. “If My kingdom were of this world,(AF) My servants(e)(AG) would fight, so that I wouldn’t be handed over to the Jews. As it is, My kingdom does not have its origin here.”(f)(AH)
36 Jesus answered, "My kingdom does not belong to this world. If my kingdom belonged to this world, my servants would fight to keep me from being handed over to the Jewish leaders. But for now my kingdom is not from here."
37 So, Pilate said to Him, "Are you a king, then?" Jesus answered, "You are [correct in] calling me a 'king.' This was the [very] purpose for which I was born and came into the world, that I should testify about the truth. Every person who wants [to know and obey] the truth listens to me."
37 Therefore Pilate said to Him, “So You are a king?” Jesus answered, “(BB)You say correctly that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world, (BC)to testify to the truth. (BD)Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.”
37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.
37 “You are a king then?” Pilate asked.“You say that I’m a king,” Jesus replied. “I was born for this, and I have come into the world(AI) for this: to testify(AJ) to the truth.(AK) Everyone who is of the truth listens to My voice.”
37 Pilate asked him, "So you are a king?" Jesus answered, "You say that I am a king. I was born for this, and I came into the world for this: to testify to the truth. Everyone who is committed to the truth listens to my voice."
38 Pilate replied to Him, "What is truth?" After saying this, Pilate again went outside to the Jews and said to them, "I do not find him guilty of any crime.
38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.
38 Pilate asked him, "What is "truth'?" and then he went out to the Jewish leaders again and told them, "I find no basis for a charge against him.
39 But since you [Jews] have a custom that I should release to you one [prisoner] during the Passover Festival, do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?"
39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?
39 But you have a custom that I release one person for you at Passover. Do you want me to release for you the king of the Jews?"
40 They shouted out again, "[No], not this man. [We want] Barabbas!" [Note: Ironically, Barabbas' name means "son of the father"]. Now Barabbas was a robber.
40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.
40 At this, they shouted out again, "Not this fellow, but Barabbas!" Now Barabbas was a revolutionary.
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