The land in which Job dwelt, Job 1:1; Jer 25:20; La 4:21. The Seventy call it Ausitis. It appears to have been a region in Arabia Deserta, between Palestine, Idumaea, and the Euphrates, and most probably not far from the borders of Idumaea. It is uncertain whether its inhabitants were descendants of Uz the son of Aram, Huz the son of Nahor, or Uz the Horite, Ge 10:23; 22:21; 36:28. They appear to have had much knowledge of the true God and the principles of virtue and religion.
(2.) One of the Horite "dukes" in the land of Edom (Ge 36:28).
(3.) The eldest son of Nahor, Abraham's brother (Ge 22:21, R.V.).
UZ, or more correctly Huz (Ge 22:21). A country and a people near the Sabeans and the Chaldees (Job 1:1,15,17); accessible to the Temanites, the Shuhites (Job 2:11), and the Buzites (Job 32:2). The Edomites once possessed it (Jer 25:20; La 4:21). Suited for sheep, oxen, asses, and camels (Job 1:3). From an inscription of Esarhaddon it appears there were in central Arabia, beyond the jebel Shomer, about the modern countries of upper and lower Kaseem, two regions, Bazu and Khazu, answering to Buz and Huz. Uz therefore was in the middle of northern Arabia, not far from the famous district of the Nejd. Ptolemy mentions the Aesitae (related to "Uz") as in the northern part of Arabia Deserta, near Babylon and the Euphrates. The name occurs
(2) as son of Nahor by Milcah (Ge 22:21);
(3) as son of Dishan and grandson of Seir (Ge 36:28). Evidently the more ancient and northerly members of the Aramaic family coalesced with some of the later Abrahamids holding a central position in Mesopotamia, and subsequently with those still later, the Edomites of the S.
1. A son of ram Aramaic, grandson of Shem (Ge 10:23 and 1Ch 1:17 [in emended text]). 2. A son of Nahor (Ge 22:21, AV Huz), whose descendants are placed in Aram-naharaim (Ge 24:10). 3. One of the Horites in the land of Edom (Ge 36:28 [v. 21 and v. 30], 1Ch 1:42). 4. A region which is called the dwelling-place of the daughter of Edom (La 4:21). 5. A district containing a number of kings, situated between Philistia and Egypt, or, with a different pointing of the consonants of one word, between Philistia and the country of the Bedouin (Jer 25:20 : the name not in Septuagint). 6. Job's country (Job 1:1). As the first three are probably tribal designations, all may be regarded as geographical terms. It is not certain that they all refer to the same region. Nos. 1 and 2 seem to point to Mesopotamia. Nos. 3 and 4, and perhaps 5, indicate Edom or its neighbourhood. The locality of No. 6 is obscure. Ancient tradition is threefold. In Septuagint of Job 42:17 Uz is affirmed, on the authority of 'the Syriac book,' to lie on the borders of ldum
3. The native land of Job, perhaps the district peopled by the descendants of one of the above, or of Huz the son of Nahor. Job 1:1; Jer 25:20; La 4:21. It is supposed to have been in the south-east of Palestine towards Arabia Deserta, which would lie open to attacks from the Sabeans and the Chaldeans.
UZ, LAND OF, the country of Job. As there were three persons of this name, namely, the son of Aram, the son of Nahor, and the grandson of Seir the Horite, commentators are divided in their opinion as to the situation of the country meant by the land of Uz. Bochart, Spanheim, Calmet, Wells, and others, place it in Arabia Deserta. Michaelis places it in the valley of Damascus; which city was, in fact, built by Uz, the grandson of Shem. Archbishop Magee, Bishop Lowth, Dr. Hales, Dr. Good, and others, with more reason, fix the scene of the history of Job in Idumea. This is also the opinion of Mr. Horne, who refers for a confirmation of it to La 4:21, where Uz is expressly said to be in Edom; and to Jer 49:7-8,20; Eze 25:13; Am 1:11-12; Ob 1:8-9, where both Teman and Dedan are described as inhabitants of Edom. In effect, says Mr. Horne, nothing is clearer than that the history of an inhabitant of Idumea is the subject of the poem which bears the name of Job, and that all the persons introduced into it were Idumeans, dwelling in Idumea, in other words, Edomite Arabs.