A History Lesson From Israel

1 For (A)I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that our fathers were all (B)under the cloud and all (C)passed through the sea;

1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;

1 Now I want you to know, brothers, that our fathers(A) were all under the cloud,(B) all passed through the sea,(C)

1 Now I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, of the fact that all of our ancestors who left Egypt were under the cloud. They all went through the sea,

1 For I do not want you to be unaware, believers, that our fathers were all under the cloud [in which God’s presence went before them] and they all passed [miraculously and safely] through the [Red] Sea;(A)

Instructions For Public Worship

2 and all were (D)baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

2 and all were baptized(D) into Moses(E) in the cloud and in the sea.

2 and they all were immersed into Moses in the cloud and in the sea.

2 And all [of them] were baptized into Moses [into his safekeeping as their leader] in the cloud and in the sea;

3 and all (E)ate the same spiritual food;

3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat;

3 They all ate the same spiritual food,(F)

3 They all ate the same spiritual food

3 and all [of them] ate the same (a)spiritual food;(B)

4 and all (F)drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was (a)Christ.

4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from a spiritual rock(G) that followed them, and that rock was Christ.(H)

4 and drank the same spiritual drink, for they drank from the spiritual rock that went with them. That rock was the Messiah.

4 and all [of them] drank the same (b)spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.(C)

5 Nevertheless, with most of them God was not well-pleased; for (G)they were laid low in the wilderness.

5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.

5 But God was not pleased with most of them, for they were struck down in the wilderness.(I)

5 But God wasn't pleased with most of those people, and so they were struck down in the wilderness.

5 Nevertheless, God was not well-pleased with (c)most of them, for they were scattered along the ground in the wilderness [because their lack of self-control led to disobedience which led to death].(D)

6 Now these things happened as (H)examples for us, so that we would not crave evil things as (I)they also craved.

6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.

6 Now these things became examples for us, so that we will not desire(J) evil things as they did.(a)(K)

6 Now their experiences serve as examples for us so that we won't set our hearts on evil as they did.

6 Now these things [the warnings and admonitions] took place as examples for us, so that we would not crave evil things as they did.(E)

7 Do not be (J)idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written, “(K)The people sat down to eat and drink, and stood up to (L)play.”

7 Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.

7 Don’t become idolaters(L) as some of them were; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and got up to play.(b)(M)(c)

7 Let's stop being idolaters, as some of them were. As it is written, "The people sat down to eat and drink and got up to play."

7 Do not be worshipers of handmade gods, as some of them were; just as it is written [in Scripture], “The people sat down to eat and drink [after sacrificing to the (d)golden calf at Horeb], and stood up to play [indulging in immoral activities].”(F)

8 Nor let us act immorally, as (M)some of them (b)did, and (N)twenty-three thousand fell in one day.

8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.

8 Let us not commit sexual immorality(N) as some of them did,(d) and in a single day 23,000 people fell dead.(O)

8 Let's stop sinning sexually, as some of them were doing, and on a single day 23,000 fell dead.

8 We must not indulge in [nor tolerate] sexual immorality, as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand [suddenly] fell [dead] in a single day!(G)

9 Nor let us try the Lord, as (O)some of them (c)did, and were destroyed by the serpents.

9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.

9 Let us not test Christ as some of them did(e) and were destroyed by snakes.(P)

9 Let's stop putting the Lord to the test, as some of them were doing, and were destroyed by snakes.

9 We must not tempt the Lord [that is, test His patience, question His purpose or exploit His goodness], as some of them did—and they were killed by serpents.(H)

10 Nor (P)grumble, as some of them (d)did, and (Q)were destroyed by the (R)destroyer.

10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.

10 Nor should we complain(Q) as some of them did,(f)(R) and were killed by the destroyer.(g)(S)

10 You must stop complaining, as some of them were doing, and were annihilated by the destroyer.

10 And do not murmur [in unwarranted discontent], as some of them did—and were destroyed by the (e)destroyer.(I)

11 Now these things happened to them as an (S)example, and (T)they were written for our instruction, upon whom (U)the ends of the ages have come.

11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.

11 Now these things happened to them as examples, and they were written as a warning to us,(T) on whom the ends of the ages(U) have come.(V)

11 These things happened to them to serve as an example, and they were written down as a warning for us in whom the culmination of the ages has been attained.

11 Now these things happened to them as an example and warning [to us]; they were written for our instruction [to admonish and equip us], upon whom the ends of the ages have come.

12 Therefore let him who (V)thinks he stands take heed that he does not fall.

12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

12 So, whoever thinks he stands must be careful not to fall.(W)

12 Therefore, whoever thinks he is standing securely should watch out so he doesn't fall.

12 Therefore let the one who thinks he stands firm [immune to temptation, being overconfident and self-righteous], take care that he does not fall [into sin and condemnation].

13 No temptation has overtaken you but such as is common to man; and (W)God is faithful, who will not allow you to be (X)tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it.

13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.

13 No temptation has overtaken you except what is common to humanity. God is faithful,(X) and He will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation He will also provide a way of escape(Y) so that you are able to bear it.

13 No temptation has overtaken you that is unusual for human beings. But God is faithful, and he will not allow you to be tempted beyond your strength. Instead, along with the temptation he will also provide a way out, so that you may be able to endure it.

13 No temptation [regardless of its source] has overtaken or enticed you that is not common to human experience [nor is any temptation unusual or beyond human resistance]; but God is faithful [to His word—He is compassionate and trustworthy], and He will not let you be tempted beyond your ability [to resist], but along with the temptation He [has in the past and is now and] will [always] provide the way out as well, so that you will be able to endure it [without yielding, and will overcome temptation with joy].

Warning Against Idolatry

14 Therefore, my (Y)beloved, flee from (Z)idolatry.

14 Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.

14 Therefore, my dear friends, flee from idolatry.

14 And so, my dear friends, keep on running away from idolatry.

14 Therefore, my beloved, run [keep far, far away] from [any sort of] idolatry [and that includes loving anything more than God, or participating in anything that leads to sin and enslaves the soul].

15 I speak as to wise men; you judge what I say.

15 I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say.

15 I am speaking as to wise people. Judge for yourselves what I say.

15 I am talking to sensible people. Apply what I am saying to yourselves.

15 I am speaking as to wise and sensible people; judge [carefully and thoughtfully consider] for yourselves what I say.

16 Is not the (AA)cup of blessing which we bless a sharing in the blood of Christ? Is not the (e)(AB)bread which we break a sharing in the body of Christ?

16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

16 The cup(Z) of blessing(AA) that we give thanks for, is it not a sharing in the blood of Christ? The bread(AB) that we break, is it not a sharing in the body of Christ?

16 The cup of blessing that we bless is our fellowship in the blood of the Messiah, isn't it? The bread that we break is our fellowship in the body of the Messiah, isn't it?

16 Is the cup of blessing which we bless [at the Lord’s Supper] not a sharing in the blood of Christ? [Indeed it is.] Is the bread which we break not a sharing in the body of Christ? [Indeed it is.]

Order At The Lord's Supper

17 Since there is one (f)bread, we (AC)who are many are one body; for we all partake of the one (g)bread.

17 For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.

17 Because there is one bread, we who are many are one(AC) body, for all of us share that one bread.

17 Because there is one loaf, we who are many are one body, because all of us eat from the same loaf.

17 Since there is one bread, we [believers] who are many are [united into] one body; for we all partake of the one bread [which represents the body of Christ].

18 Look at (h)the nation (AD)Israel; are not those who (AE)eat the sacrifices sharers in the altar?

18 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?

18 Look at the people of Israel.(h) Do not those who eat the sacrifices participate in what is offered on the altar?(AD)

18 Look at the Israelis from a human point of view. Those who eat the sacrifices share in what is on the altar, don't they?

18 Consider the people of Israel; are those who eat the sacrifices not partners of the altar [united in their worship of the same God]? [Indeed they are.](J)

19 What do I mean then? That a thing sacrificed to idols is anything, or (AF)that an idol is anything?

19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?

19 What am I saying then? That food offered to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything?

19 Am I suggesting that an offering made to idols means anything, or that an idol itself means anything?

19 What do I mean then? That a thing offered to idols is anything [special or changed simply because it is offered], or that an idol is anything?

20 No, but I say that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they (AG)sacrifice to demons and not to God; and I do not want you to become sharers in demons.

20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

20 No, but I do say that what they(i) sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons and not to God. I do not want you to participate with demons!

20 Hardly! What they offer, they offer to demons and not to God, and I do not want you to become partners with demons.

20 On the contrary, the things which the Gentiles (pagans) sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons [in effect], and not to God; and I do not want you to become partners with demons [by eating at feasts in pagan temples].(K)

21 (AH)You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons; you cannot partake of the table of the Lord and (AI)the table of demons.

21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.

21 You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You cannot share in the Lord’s table and the table of demons.

21 You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You cannot dine with the Lord and dine with demons,

21 You cannot drink [both] the Lord’s cup and the cup of demons. You cannot share in both the Lord’s table and the table of demons [thereby becoming partners with them].

22 Or do we (AJ)provoke the Lord to jealousy? We are not (AK)stronger than He, are we?

22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

22 Or are we provoking the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than He?(AE)

22 or you'll provoke the Lord to jealousy, won't you? Are we stronger than he is?

22 Do we [really] provoke the Lord to jealousy [when we eat food sacrificed to handmade “gods” at pagan feasts]? Are we [spiritually] stronger than He? [Certainly not! He knows that the idols are nothing. But we deeply (f)offend Him.](L)

Freedom In Christ

23 (AL)All things are lawful, but not all things are profitable. All things are lawful, but not all things (AM)edify.

23 All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not.

23 “Everything is permissible,”(j)(k) but not everything is helpful. “Everything is permissible,”(l) but not everything builds up.

23 Everything is permissible, but not everything is helpful. Everything is permissible, but not everything builds up.

23 All things are lawful [that is, morally legitimate, permissible], but not all things are beneficial or advantageous. All things are lawful, but not all things are constructive [to character] and edifying [to spiritual life].

24 Let no one (AN)seek his own good, but that of his (i)neighbor.

24 Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth.

24 No one should seek his own good, but the good of the other person.(AF)

24 No one should seek his own welfare, but rather his neighbor's.

24 Let no one seek [only] his own good, but [also] that of the other person.

25 (AO)Eat anything that is sold in the meat market without asking questions for conscience’ sake;

25 Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake:

25 Eat everything that is sold in the meat market, asking no questions for conscience’ sake,

25 Eat anything that is sold in the meat market without raising any question about it on the grounds of conscience,

25 [Regarding meat offered to idols:] Eat anything that is sold in the meat market without asking any questions for the sake of your conscience,

26 (AP)for the earth is the Lord’s, and (j)all it contains.

26 For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof.

26 for the earth is the Lord’s,(AG) and all that is in it.(AH)(m)

26 for "the earth and everything in it belong to the Lord."

26 For the [whole] earth is the Lord’s, and everything that is in it.(M)

27 If (AQ)one of the unbelievers invites you and you want to go, (AR)eat anything that is set before you without asking questions for conscience’ sake.

27 If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake.

27 If one of the unbelievers invites you over and you want to go, eat everything that is set before you, without raising questions of conscience.

27 If an unbeliever invites you to his house and you wish to go, eat whatever is set before you, raising no question on the grounds of conscience.

27 If one of the unbelievers invites you [to a meal at his home] and you want to go, eat whatever is served to you without asking questions [about its source] for the sake of your conscience.

28 But (AS)if anyone says to you, “This is meat sacrificed to idols,” do not eat it, for the sake of the one who informed you, and for conscience’ sake;

28 But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof:

28 But if someone says to you, “This is food offered to an idol,” do not eat it,(AI) out of consideration for the one who told you, and for conscience’ sake.(n)

28 However, if someone says to you, "This was offered as a sacrifice," don't eat it, both out of consideration for the one who told you and also for the sake of conscience.

28 But if anyone says to you, “This meat has been offered in sacrifice to an idol,” do not eat it, out of consideration for the one who told you, and for conscience’s sake—

29 I mean not your own conscience, but the other man’s; for (AT)why is my freedom judged by another’s conscience?

29 Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another man's conscience?

29 I do not mean your own conscience, but the other person’s. For why is my freedom judged(AJ) by another person’s conscience?

29 I mean, of course, his conscience, not yours. For why should my freedom be determined by someone else's conscience?

29 and by conscience I mean for the sake of the other man’s, not yours. For (g)why is my freedom [of choice] judged by another’s conscience [another’s ethics—another’s sense of right and wrong]?

30 If I partake with thankfulness, (AU)why am I slandered concerning that for which I (AV)give thanks?

30 For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks?

30 If I partake with thanks,(AK) why am I slandered because of something I give thanks for?

30 If I eat with thankfulness, why should I be denounced because of what I am thankful for?

30 If I take my share [of food] with thankfulness, why am I accused because of something for which I give thanks?

31 Whether, then, you eat or drink or (AW)whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.

31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.

31 Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do everything for God’s glory.(AL)

31 Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do everything for the glory of God.

31 So then, whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do all to the glory of [our great] God.

32 (AX)Give no offense either to Jews or to Greeks or to (AY)the church of God;

32 Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God:

32 Give no offense(AM) to the Jews or the Greeks or the church of God,

32 Don't become a stumbling block to Jews or Greeks or to the church of God,

32 Do not offend Jews or Greeks or even the church of God [but live to honor Him];

33 just as I also (AZ)please all men in all things, (BA)not seeking my own profit but the profit of the many, (BB)so that they may be saved.

33 Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved.

33 just as I also try to please all people in all things, not seeking my own profit, but the profit of many,(AN) so that they may be saved. >

33 just as I myself try to please everybody in every way. I don't look out for my own benefit, but rather for the benefit of many people, so that they might be saved.

33 just as I please everyone in all things [as much as possible adapting myself to the interests of others], not seeking my own benefit but that of the many, so that they [will be open to the message of salvation and] may be saved.

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